Chetwand History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
- Origins Available:
The origins of the Chetwand name come from when the Anglo-Saxon tribes ruled over Britain. The name Chetwand was originally derived from a family having lived in Salop (now Shropshire) where they derived their family name from the parish of Chetwynde. The place-name is derived from the Old English compound word which means "dweller at the winding ascent." 
Early Origins of the Chetwand family
The surname Chetwand was first found in Shropshire at Chetwynd, a rural civil parish just to the north of Newport.   The original Chetwynd manor dates back to Saxon times and was held by Leofric, Earl of Mercia, about 1050.
While there is no doubt of the family's Saxon heritage, we must consider the Norman Chetwynd or De Verlai, from Verlai, Normandy. "In 1086, Turold de Verlai held thirteen lordships in Salop from Earl Roger, of which Chetwynd appears to have been the chief. Robert his son was a Baron temp. Henry I., and before 1121 witnessed a charter in favour of Salop Abbey. He was living 1141, and was father of Robert de Verlai, who, with his father, gave Verlai Church, Normandy, to Essay Abbey, which grant was confirmed by Henry II. (not Henry I. as erroneously stated in Gallia Christiana, xi. 234, Instr.). The next in descent was Adam de Chetwynd, 1180-1203; and in his time the barony, consisting of two knights' fees, was placed by the Crown under the feudal suzerainty of the Fitz-Alans" 
The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 included: Adam de Chetewynde, Salop (Shropshire); and John de Chetewind, Salop.  And this noted author goes on to note that "the following entries practically prove that Chatwin is a variant of Chetwynd: Thomas Chetwen, or Chetwyn, 1511: Register of the University of Oxford; and Edward Chetwind, or 'Chetwine,' 1596. 
A search through other early rolls proved to be fruitful: Richard de Chetewynde was listed in the Assize Rolls for Staffordshire in 1268; William de Chetwynde was found in the Feet of Fines for Warwickshire in 1343; and William Chetwyn, Chetwynd was listed in Yorkshire in 1415. 
Early History of the Chetwand family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Chetwand research. Another 143 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1318, 1676, 1638, 1584, 1586, 1633, 1693, 1643, 1702, 1689, 1695, 1701, 1702, 1717, 1678, 1736, 1680, 1767, 1684 and 1770 are included under the topic Early Chetwand History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Chetwand Spelling Variations
Before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago, spelling variations of names were a common occurrence. Elements of Latin, French and other languages became incorporated into English through the Middle Ages, and name spellings changed even among the literate. The variations of the surname Chetwand include Chetwynd, Chetwyn, Chetwynde, Chetwin, Chitwyn and others.
Early Notables of the Chetwand family (pre 1700)
Notables of the family at this time include Walter Chetwynd (died 1638), an English politician, Member of Parliament for Newcastle under Lyme (1584-1586); Walter Chetwynd FRS (1633-1693), of Ingestre Hall, an English antiquary and politician; and John Chetwynd (1643-1702), an English politician from Rudge, Shropshire, Member of Parliament for Stafford from 1689 to 1695, and again in 1701 and 1702...
Another 59 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Chetwand Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Chetwand family
A great wave of immigration to the New World was the result of the enormous political and religious disarray that struck England at that time. Families left for the New World in extremely large numbers. The long journey was the end of many immigrants and many more arrived sick and starving. Still, those who made it were rewarded with an opportunity far greater than they had known at home in England. These emigrant families went on to make significant contributions to these emerging colonies in which they settled. Some of the first North American settlers carried this name or one of its variants: Thomas Chetwin who settled in Jamaica in 1684.
Related Stories +
The Chetwand Motto +
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Probitas verus honos
Motto Translation: Probity is true honor.
- ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
- ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
- ^ Barber, Henry, British Family Names London: Elliot Stock, 62 Paternoster Row, 1894. Print.
- ^ The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
- ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)