Show ContentsChaires History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Chaires is an ancient Norman name that arrived in England after the Norman Conquest of 1066. The name Chaires comes from the Norman name Essira which is recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086. [1] [2] Additionally, the name is derived from the Old English "scir", meaning "fair, bright." [3] [4]

Early Origins of the Chaires family

The surname Chaires was first found in Surrey where they held a family seat from ancient times being Lords of the Manor of Shere recorded in the Domesday Book Survey taken in 1086 A.D. as being 'King's Land' and consisting of a church and mills. [5]

The original name of the village of Shere was 'Essira' and it may be taken that this was also the original spelling of the surname, taken from an unknown Norman noble who entered into England with William the Conqueror in 1066.

However, we must look to Berkshire to find the first entry of the family, that of Walter Leschir who was listed there in the Pipe Rolls of 1193. Later, Reginald le Scher was listed in the Subsidy Rolls for Staffordshire in 1327. [6]

Early History of the Chaires family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Chaires research. Another 87 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1614, 1685, 1710, 1666, 1668, 1766, 1798, 1798 and 1716 are included under the topic Early Chaires History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Chaires Spelling Variations

Anglo-Norman names are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. When the Normans became the ruling people of England in the 11th century, they introduced a new language into a society where the main languages of Old and later Middle English had no definite spelling rules. These languages were more often spoken than written, so they blended freely with one another. Contributing to this mixing of tongues was the fact that medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, ensuring that a person's name would appear differently in nearly every document in which it was recorded. The name has been spelled Shere, Sheres, Shear, Shears, Sheares, Sheare, Sheares, Sheer, Sheers, Sheere, Sheeres, Shire, Shires, Shiers, Shier, Shiere, Sheir, Sheirs, Sheire and many more.

Early Notables of the Chaires family (pre 1700)

Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Sir Henry Sheeres (died 1710), English military engineer and author, was son of Henry Sheeres of Deptford, a captain in the Navy. "In 1666 he accompanied Edward Montagu, first Earl of Sandwich, the English ambassador, to Spain...
Another 45 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Chaires Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Chaires Ranking

In the United States, the name Chaires is the 13,836th most popular surname with an estimated 2,487 people with that name. [7]

Ireland Migration of the Chaires family to Ireland

Some of the Chaires family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 76 words (5 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

United States Chaires migration to the United States +

For many English families, the political and religious disarray that plagued their homeland made the frontiers of the New World an attractive prospect. Thousands migrated, aboard cramped disease-ridden ships. They arrived sick, poor, and hungry, but were welcomed in many cases with far greater opportunity than at home in England. Many of these hardy settlers went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Among early immigrants bearing the name Chaires or a variant listed above were:

Chaires Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Hannah Chaires, who arrived in Maryland in 1680 [8]
Chaires Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Michael Chaires, who landed in Texas in 1835 [8]

Contemporary Notables of the name Chaires (post 1700) +

  • Green Hill Chaires, American plantation owner and early Florida settler, eponym of Chaires, Florida
  • Joseph Chaires, American owner of the Joseph Chaires Plantation, a large cotton plantation of 3,800 acres in southern Leon County, Florida
  • Arturo Chaires Riso (1937-2020), Mexican football defender who played for Mexico in the 1962 and 1966 FIFA World Cups

  1. Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  2. Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
  3. Smith, Eldson Coles, New Dictionary of American Family Names New York: Harper & Row, 1956. Print
  4. Harrison, Henry, Surnames of the United Kingdom: A Concise Etymological Dictionary Baltimore: Geneological Publishing Company, 2013. Print
  5. Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  6. Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  7. "What are the 5,000 Most Common Last Names in the U.S.?".,
  8. Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8) on Facebook