Anglo-Saxon culture of Britain. It is derived from the family living in or near the settlement of Cartmel in the county of Lancashire. Thus, Certmill is a habitation surname which is derived from the name of a place. Like most English local surnames, the name Certmill was originally preceded by a preposition such as de. However, the preposition had usually been dropped from the name by the end of the 14th century.
Early Origins of the Certmill family
Lancashire, at Cartmel, a parish, in the union of Ulverston, hundred of Lonsdale north of the Sands. "This place, which is supposed to have derived its name from the British words Kert, a camp, and mell, a fell, or small mountain, according to Camden was given to St. Cuthbert, in 677, by Egfrid, King of Northumbria, with all the Britons inhabiting it. In 782, Ethelred, upon his restoration to the throne of that kingdom, allured from their sanctuary at York the sons of Alfwold, who had been advanced to the crown upon his expulsion, and put them to death at Cartmel. In 1188, William Mareschall, Earl of Pembroke, founded a priory for Regular canons of the order of St. Augustine, dedicated to the Blessed Virgin, and endowed it with all his lands at 'Kertmell,' " CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print. Now a village in Cumbria, it has more recently become known as the "home of sticky toffee pudding."
Early History of the Certmill family
Another 147 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1300 and 1378 are included under the topic Early Certmill History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Certmill Spelling Variations
Anglo-Saxon surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. Changes in Anglo-Saxon names were influenced by the evolution of the English language, as it incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other languages. Although Medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, so it is common to find one person referred to by several different spellings of his surname, even the most literate people varied the spelling of their own names. Variations of the name Certmill include Cartmill, Cartmills, Cartmell, Cartmells, Kertmell, Cartmele, Cartmail, Kartmill, Kartmell, Certmill, Cartnell and many more.
Early Notables of the Certmill family (pre 1700)
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Migration of the Certmill family to Ireland
Some of the Certmill family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 149 words (11 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Certmill family to the New World and Oceana
Searching for a better life, many English families migrated to British colonies. Unfortunately, the majority of them traveled under extremely harsh conditions: overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the ocean. For those families that arrived safely, modest prosperity was attainable, and many went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the new colonies. Research into the origins of individual families in North America revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Certmill or a variant listed above: the Cartmell family, who settled in Sangamon County, Illinois in 1730; Thomas Cartmill, who was naturalized in New York in 1831; Neal Carmel, who was naturalized in Philadelphia in 1841.
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