Carlyon History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The Irish name Carlyon claims descent from the O'Connors in Donegal where "Carlan" (from the Irish "carla" meaning a "wool-comb" and "an" meaning "one who" which roughly translates as "one who combs wool") was in Irish O'Carlain or O'Caireallain.

Early Origins of the Carlyon family

The surname Carlyon was first found in County Limerick (Irish: Luimneach) located in Southwestern Ireland, in the province of Munster, where the name is descended from the O'Connor stem, Kings of Connaught and the family became early associated with the county of Tyrone, and in neighboring counties.

Important Dates for the Carlyon family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Carlyon research. Another 130 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 1172, 1738, 1799, 1535, 1568, 1670 and 1738 are included under the topic Early Carlyon History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Carlyon Spelling Variations

Irish names were rarely spelled consistently in the Middle Ages. Spelling variations of the name Carlyon dating from that time include Carlin, Carling, O'Carolan, Carline, Karlin, Kerling, Kerline, Carlind, Carlynde, Carlyne, Carlyn, Carrlin, Carrling, Kerlynd, Kerlynde, Karlynd, Karline, Kearlin, Kearline, Kearlynd, Carolan, Carrolan, Carolyn, Carolyne, Caroline, Carolynde, Caraline, Carroline, Carlan, Carland, Carlon, Carlone, Karolin, Karolan, Karrolin and many more.

Early Notables of the Carlyon family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the family name at this time was Hugh O'Carolan, Bishop of Clogher from 1535-1568. Turlough O'Carolan (1670-1738) was a blind early Irish harper, composer and singer, known for his gift for melodic composition. Born in Nobber, County Meath, his father took a job with the MacDermott Roe family of Alderford House, thereby giving Turlough an education. By the time he was eighteen, he was blinded by smallpox and by the age of twenty-one, he was given a horse and...
Another 81 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Carlyon Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Carlyon migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Carlyon Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Henry Carlyon, (b. 1820), aged 29, Cornish millwright from St. Austell, Cornwall, UK travelling aboard the ship "Elizabeth" arriving in New South Wales, Australia on 23rd July 1849 [1]
  • Mrs. Elizabeth Carlyon, (b. 1821), aged 28, Cornish settler from St. Austell, Cornwall, UK travelling aboard the ship "Elizabeth" arriving in New South Wales, Australia on 23rd July 1849 [1]
  • Miss Elizabeth Ann Carlyon, (b. 1844), aged 5, Cornish settler from St. Austell, Cornwall, UK travelling aboard the ship "Elizabeth" arriving in New South Wales, Australia on 23rd July 1849 [1]
  • Mr. Henry Carlyon, (b. 1846), aged 3, Cornish settler from St. Austell, Cornwall, UK travelling aboard the ship "Elizabeth" arriving in New South Wales, Australia on 23rd July 1849 [1]
  • Mr. Henry Carlyon, (b. 1820), aged 29, Cornish millwright departing from London on 17th March 1849 aboard the ship "Elizabeth" arriving in Port Phillip, Victoria, Australia on 23rd July 1849 [2]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Carlyon Settlers in Australia in the 20th Century
  • Miss Evelyn Carlyon, (b. 1889), aged 13, Cornish settler travelling aboard the ship "Duke of Norfolk" arriving in Queensland, Australia on 17th March 1902 [3]
  • Miss Leslie Carlyon, (b. 1894), aged 8, Cornish settler travelling aboard the ship "Duke of Norfolk" arriving in Queensland, Australia on 17th March 1902 [3]
  • Mr. Walter Carlyon, (b. 1892), aged 10, Cornish settler travelling aboard the ship "Duke of Norfolk" arriving in Queensland, Australia on 17th March 1902 [3]
  • Mrs. Carlyon, (b. 1866), aged 36, Cornish settler travelling aboard the ship "Duke of Norfolk" arriving in Queensland, Australia on 17th March 1902 [3]

Carlyon migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Carlyon Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mrs. Elizabeth Carlyon, (b. 1851), aged 23, Cornish settler departing on 10th June 1874 aboard the ship "Cathcart" arriving in Lyttelton, Canterbury, New Zealand on 29th August 1874 [4]
  • Mr. Sampson Carlyon, (b. 1853), aged 21, Cornish farm labourer departing on 10th June 1874 aboard the ship "Cathcart" arriving in Lyttelton, Canterbury, New Zealand on 29th August 1874 [4]
  • Mr. Albert J. Carlyon, (b. 1865), aged 10, Cornish settler departing on 21st November 1875 aboard the ship "Salisbury" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 27th February 1876 [5]
  • Miss Alma Carlyon, (b. 1872), aged 3, Cornish settler departing on 21st November 1875 aboard the ship "Salisbury" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 27th February 1876 [5]
  • Mrs. Anna Carlyon, (b. 1839), aged 36, Cornish settler departing on 21st November 1875 aboard the ship "Salisbury" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 27th February 1876 [5]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Carlyon (post 1700)

  • Leslie Allen "Les" Carlyon AC (1942-2019), Australian writer and newspaper editor, born in Elmore, Victoria, winner of the Graham Perkin Australian journalist of the year award (1993)
  • R.A. Carlyon (b. 1956), New Zealand member of the Commonwealth Trans-Antarctic Expedition, eponym of Carlyon Glacier, Antarctica
  • Commander Carlyon Wilfroy Bellairs (1871-1955), British naval officer and politician, Member of Parliament for King's Lynn (1906-1910) and for Maidstone (1915-1931)

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Citations

  1. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, May 30). Ships' Passenger Lists of Arrivals in New South Wales on (1828 - 1842, 1848 - 1849) [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_nsw_1838_on.pdf
  2. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retreived 3rd May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_australia_victoria.pdf
  3. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retreived 3rd May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_australia_queensland.pdf
  4. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, April 30). Emigrants to Lyttelton 1858-84 [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/new_zealand_assisted.pdf
  5. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, April 30). Emigrants to Auckland 1872-80 [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/new_zealand_assisted.pdf
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