Cameron History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The rugged west coast of Scotland and the desolate Hebrides islands are the ancestral home of the Cameron family. Their name indicates that the original bearer lived in either Cameron near Edinburgh, Cameron in Lennox, or Cameron in Fife. Thus, the name Camerons of the Lowlands is of territorial origin, from one of the three places so called. The Highland Clan name Cameron may come from the Lowland name, but it is also derived from the Gaelic word cam-shron, which means wry or hook-nosed.

The Cameron Clan was described as 'Fiercer than fierceness itself' and it was reputed to be one of the most ancient clans of Scotland. The hereditary name of the chiefs of the Clan is MacDhomnuill Duibh, from their ancestor "Black Donald".

The first assured chief of the clan was not found until 1411, when Donald Du reigned in that year. Following this date, the clan split into three separate branches, one each at Letterfinlay, Strone and Glen Nevis, with the clan seat at Lochaber.

Early Origins of the Cameron family

The surname Cameron was first found in Angus (Gaelic: Aonghas), part of the Tayside region of northeastern Scotland, and present day Council Area of Angus, formerly known as Forfar or Forfarshire, among the hills which surrounded Lochy, Arkaig, and Ely.

The Camerons are said to have traditionally descended from the Kings of Denmark and probably assisted in the restoration of King Fergus II in 404. The first written records of the Cameron Clan date back to the 13th century.

In 1214, Adam de Kamerun was witness to a charter to the monks of Cupar. In 1219, Hugh Cambrun was the sheriff of Forfar and in 1233, Johannes Cambron was a charter witness in Moray. In 1360, the Cameron Clan received the first official grant of the lands of Lochaber and they were later granted Locheil, and Locharkaig, by the Lord of the Isles.

In 1360 they received the first official grant of the lands of Lochaber. They were later granted Locheil, and Locharkaig, by the Lord of the Isles. The Camerons were continually at feud with the Clan Chattan, and notable amongst the battles was that of Charles Hill. Suffering defeat in 1370 they rose to prominence at the Battle of Harlaw, but again were forfeited. King James IV restored their lands in 1493.

Important Dates for the Cameron family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cameron research. Another 99 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 1695, 1748, 1793, 1446, 1422, 1423, 1579, 1625, 1579, 1680, 1629, 1719, 1647, 1693, 1748, 1715 and are included under the topic Early Cameron History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Cameron Spelling Variations

Spelling and translation were not standardized practices until the last few centuries. Spelling variations are extremely common among early Scottish names. Cameron has been spelled Cameron, MacGuillonies, MacSorlies and many more.

Early Notables of the Cameron family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the Clan from early times was John Cameron (d. 1446), Bishop of Glasgow and chancellor of Scotland, said to have belonged to a family of Edinburgh burghers, and to have drawn his name more remotely from the Camerons of Craigmillar, and not, as was formerly asserted, from the Camerons of Lochiel. In 1422 he was appointed official of Lothian by Archbishop Wardlaw of St. Andrews (Crawfurd). Two years later he was acting in the capacity of secretary to the Earl of Wigtown (December 1423), who gave him the rectory of Cambuslang in Lanarkshire. [1] John Cameron (1579?-1625), was a Scottish...
Another 143 words (10 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cameron Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Cameron family to Ireland

Some of the Cameron family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 59 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Cameron migration to the United States

The hardy Scots who made the crossing settled all along the east coast of North America and in the great west that was just then opening up. At the time of the American War of Independence, many United Empire Loyalists moved north from the American colonies to Canada. Scottish national heritage became better known in North America in the 20th century through highland games and other patriotic events. An examination of immigration records and passenger ship lists revealed that people bearing the name Cameron arrived in North America very early:

Cameron Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Finley Cameron, who arrived in Maryland in 1716 [2]
  • Finlow Cameron, who arrived in Maryland in 1716 [2]
  • Richard Cameron, aged 35, who arrived in Georgia in 1732 [2]
  • James Cameron, who landed in New York in 1739 [2]
  • Donald Cameron, who landed in Boston, Massachusetts in 1764 [2]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Cameron Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Agnus Cameron, aged 17, who arrived in New York, NY in 1803 [2]
  • Elinor Cameron, aged 9, who landed in New York, NY in 1803 [2]
  • Martha Cameron, aged 14, who landed in New York, NY in 1803 [2]
  • George Cameron, who arrived in America in 1805 [2]
  • James C Cameron, aged 34, who landed in New York in 1812 [2]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Cameron Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Angus Donald Cameron, who arrived in California in 1902 [2]

Cameron migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Cameron Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Alexander Cameron, who settled in St. John's, Newfoundland in 1744 [3]
  • John Cameron, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Janate Cameron, who arrived in Pictou, Nova Scotia in 1773
  • Janet Cameron, who landed in Pictou, Nova Scotia in 1773
  • Mary Cameron, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1773
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Cameron Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • James Cameron, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1801
  • Eliza Cameron, aged 14, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1801
  • Ewan Cameron, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1801
  • Finlay Cameron, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1801
  • Flory Cameron, aged 7, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1801
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Cameron Settlers in Canada in the 20th Century
  • R J Cameron, who landed in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1907

Cameron migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Cameron Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Alexander Cameron, Scottish convict from Glasgow, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on September 3rd, 1820, settling in New South Wales, Australia [4]
  • Margaret Alvis Cameron, who arrived in Kangaroo Bay aboard the ship "Tam O'Shanter" in 1836 [5]
  • Hugh Cameron, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Thomas Harrison" in 1839 [6]
  • Hugh Cameron, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Lady Bute" in 1839 [7]
  • janet Cameron, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Palmyra" in 1839 [8]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Cameron migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Cameron Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Alexander Cameron, aged 35, a carpenter, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Blenheim" in 1840
  • Allan Cameron, aged 35, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Blenheim" in 1840
  • Janet Cameron, aged 30, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Blenheim" in 1840
  • John Cameron, aged 19, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Blenheim" in 1840
  • Hugh Cameron, aged 17, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Blenheim" in 1840
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Cameron (post 1700)

  • William M. Cameron, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from New York, 1960 [9]
  • William M. Cameron, American Democrat politician, Candidate for New York State Senate 33rd District, 1932 [9]
  • William M. Cameron, American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from Warren County, 1891 [9]
  • William Evelyn Cameron (1842-1927), American politician, Mayor of Petersburg, Virginia, 1876-82; Governor of Virginia, 1882-86; Delegate to Virginia State Constitutional Convention, 1901-02 [9]
  • William A. Cameron, American Democrat politician, Candidate for Wisconsin State Assembly from Barron County, 1948 [9]
  • William Donald Cameron (1846-1909), American Democrat politician, Lauderdale County Circuit Clerk, 1871; Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Mississippi, 1900 [9]
  • William A. Cameron, American politician, Mayor of Largo, Florida, 1922 [9]
  • William Cameron (1795-1877), American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Pennsylvania, 1860; Presidential Elector for Pennsylvania, 1876; Presidential Elector for Pennsylvania, 1876 [9]
  • Wesley M. Cameron, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Ohio, 1860 [9]
  • Thomas N. Cameron (1796-1851), American politician, Member of North Carolina State Senate from Cumberland County, 1844-47, 1850-51 [9]
  • ... (Another 94 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Cameron family

Air New Zealand Flight 901
  • Miss. Rangiaho Cameron (1922-1979), New Zealander passenger, from Mt. Wellington, East Auckland, New Zealand aboard the Air New Zealand Flight 901 for an Antarctic sightseeing flight when it flew into Mount Erebus; she died in the crash [10]
Halifax Explosion
  • Miss Ruth P.  Cameron (1912-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [11]
  • Mrs. Annie  Cameron, Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [11]
  • Mr. Donald C.  Cameron (1913-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [11]
  • Mrs. Ida May  Cameron (1879-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [11]
  • Mrs. Vera G.  Cameron (1885-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [11]
  • ... (Another 8 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Hugh Cameron, British Chief Stoker, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died in the sinking [12]
RMS Lusitania
  • Mr. Charles W. Cameron, English Band Master from England, who played aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [13]
RMS Titanic
  • Miss Clear Annie Cameron, aged 35, English Second Class passenger from London, England who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and survived the sinking escaping on life boat 14 [14]

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Citations

  1. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  2. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  3. ^ Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0
  4. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1820 with 192 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1820
  5. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) TAM O'SHANTER - 1836. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1836TamOShanter.htm
  6. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) THOMAS HARRISON 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839ThomasHarrison.htm
  7. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) LADY BUTE 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839LadyBute.gif
  8. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) PALMYRA 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839Palmyra.htm
  9. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, November 2) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  10. ^ Mount Erebus, Memorial, Roll of Remembrance (Retrieved 2018, February 21st). Retrieved from http://www.erebus.co.nz/memorialandawards/rollofremembrance.aspx
  11. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  12. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  13. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  14. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html
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