Buckley History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The name Buckley first arose amongst the Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. It is derived from their having lived in any of the places named Buckley, or Buckleigh, in England. Buckley is a local surname, which belongs to the category of hereditary surnames. The name may derive from the Old English "bok lee," meaning meadow, or field. The likely meaning of the name was "clearing in a beech wood" (with boc meaning beech tree and ley meaning wood, glade or clearing). The name could also have been construed from "bucc" meaning a buck or deer; or from the Welsh "bwlch y clai," meaning clay hole. [1]

Early Origins of the Buckley family

The surname Buckley was first found in Cheshire where Buckley was an Anglo-Saxon local, with some of its houses later recorded in the Domesday Book. The first documented evidence of its existence dates from 1294 when it was described as the pasturage of the Manor of Ewloe, spelled as "Bokkeley". [2]

Alternatively, the original spelling of the name was Bulclough, meaning "large mountains," and related specifically to a chain of mountains in central Cheshire in England. Whichever derivation, you choose, all point to Cheshire.

Important Dates for the Buckley family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Buckley research. Another 165 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1570, 1537, 1517, 1610, 1524, 1572, 1547, 1571, 1593, 1584, 1593, 1641, 1698, 1583, 1659, 1635, 1568 and 1650 are included under the topic Early Buckley History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Buckley Spelling Variations

One relatively recent invention that did much to standardize English spelling was the printing press. However, before its invention even the most literate people recorded their names according to sound rather than spelling. The spelling variations under which the name Buckley has appeared include Buckley, Bucklie, Buckly, Bulkely, Bulkley, Bulkelly, Boukley, Bulkaly, Bulkly, Bulklay and many more.

Early Notables of the Buckley family (pre 1700)

Notables of the family at this time include William Buckley (d. 1570?), an English mathematician, a native of Lichfield, educated at Eton, whence he was elected to a scholarship at King's College, Cambridge, in 1537. Robert or Sigebert Buckley (1517-1610), was a Benedictine monk who was professed at Westminster in Queen Mary's reign. "He was imprisoned on refusing to take the oath of supremacy, and remained in captivity during the whole of Elizabeth's...
Another 71 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Buckley Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Buckley family to Ireland

Some of the Buckley family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 102 words (7 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Buckley migration to the United States

At this time, the shores of the New World beckoned many English families that felt that the social climate in England was oppressive and lacked opportunity for change. Thousands left England at great expense in ships that were overcrowded and full of disease. A great portion of these settlers never survived the journey and even a greater number arrived sick, starving, and without a penny. The survivors, however, were often greeted with greater opportunity than they could have experienced back home. These English settlers made significant contributions to those colonies that would eventually become the United States and Canada. An examination of early immigration records and passenger ship lists revealed that people bearing the name Buckley arrived in North America very early:

Buckley Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Daniel Buckley, who settled in New England in 1635
  • Humphrey Buckley, who settled in Virginia in 1635
  • Ben Buckley, aged 1, who landed in America in 1635 [3]
  • Ben I Buckley, aged 1, who landed in New England in 1635 [3]
  • Daniell Buckley, aged 9, who arrived in New England in 1635 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Buckley Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Beni Buckley, who arrived in Virginia in 1700 [3]
  • William Buckley, who landed in Virginia in 1703 [3]
  • Martha Buckley, who landed in Virginia in 1704 [3]
  • Abraham Buckley, who landed in Virginia in 1704 [3]
  • Phineas Buckley in Philadelphia in 1713
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Buckley Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Christian Buckley, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1810 [3]
  • Catherine Buckley, who landed in New York, NY in 1811 [3]
  • Samuel P Buckley, aged 30, who landed in North Carolina in 1812 [3]
  • Joshua Buckley, who arrived in Wilmington, Del in 1813 [3]
  • Joseph Buckley, who landed in New York in 1822 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Buckley migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Buckley Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Mr. Thomas Buckley Sr., U.E. born in Pennsylvania, USA who settled in Parr Town [Saint John], New Brunswick c. 1783 listed as signing the Quaker Loyalist agreement [4]
  • Mr. Thomas Buckley Jr., U.E. born in Pennsylvania, USA who settled in Pennfield, Charlotte County, New Brunswick c. 1783 listed as signing the Quaker Loyalist agreement [4]
Buckley Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Daniel Buckley, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1819
  • Maurice Buckley, aged 35, who arrived in Canada in 1823
  • William Buckley, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1833
  • John Buckley, aged 23, a labourer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the barque "Pallas" from Cork, Ireland
  • Patrick Buckley, aged 27, a labourer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the ship "Reward" from Cork, Ireland
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Buckley migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Buckley Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • John Buckley, English convict from Lancaster, who was transported aboard the "Almorah" on April 1817, settling in New South Wales, Australia [5]
  • Edmund Buckley, English convict from Lancaster, who was transported aboard the "Agamemnon" on April 22, 1820, settling in New South Wales, Australia [6]
  • John Buckley, English convict from Lancaster, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on April 1st, 1822, settling in New South Wales, Australia [7]
  • Thomas Buckley, English convict from Warwick, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on July 29th, 1823, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [8]
  • Patrick Buckley, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Andromeda" on November 13, 1832, settling in New South Wales, Australia [9]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Buckley migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Buckley Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • D P Buckley, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1845
  • Mr. Daniel Buckley, (b. 1837), aged 21, Irish labourer from Ireland travelling from London aboard the ship "Strathallan" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 21st January 1859 [10]
  • Miss Dinah Buckley, (b. 1860), aged 5 months, British settler travelling from Bristol aboard the ship "Matoaka" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 2nd December 1860 [11]
  • Mrs. Bridget Buckley, (b. 1813), aged 47, British housekeeper travelling from Bristol aboard the ship "Matoaka" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 2nd December 1860 [11]
  • Mr. John Buckley, (b. 1831), aged 29, British labourer travelling from Bristol aboard the ship "Matoaka" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 2nd December 1860 [11]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Buckley (post 1700)

  • William Frank Buckley Jr. (1925-2008), American author and commentator, founder of the political magazine "National Review" in 1955 and recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom [12]
  • William Knapp "W.K." Buckley, Canadian founder of W.K. Buckley Limited, manufacturer of cold medicines under the brand name Buckley's Mixture and Jack and Jill in 1921
  • Francis "Frank" C. Buckley CM (1921-2016), Canadian president and spokesperson for the Buckley's company, best known for the phrase "It Tastes Awful. And It Works" slogan
  • Samuel Botsford Buckley (1809-1884), American botanist, geologist, and naturalist
  • John C. Buckley (1842-1913), Union Army soldier during the American Civil War who received the Medal of Honor for his gallantry during the Siege of Vicksburg on May 22, 1863
  • Eldra Clemond Buckley (b. 1985), American football running back
  • Betty Lynn Buckley (b. 1947), American theater, film and television actress and singer
  • Jack Boyd Buckley (1926-2007), American civil engineer and building consultant
  • James R. Buckley (1870-1945), U.S. Representative from Illinois
  • Tim Buckley (1947-1975), American vocalist, and musician
  • ... (Another 97 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Buckley family

HMAS Sydney II
  • Mr. Daniel Stanley Buckley (1920-1941), Australian Ordinary Seaman from Port Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [13]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Kenneth Robertson Buckley, British Lieutenant Commander, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [14]
  • Mr. Victor Buckley (1919-1943), British Corporal Marine, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking, but died whilst a Prisoner of War in 1943 [14]
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. H.E. Buckley (d. 1912), aged 34, English Assistant Vegetable Cook from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [15]
  • Mr. Daniel Buckley, aged 21, Irish Third Class passenger from Kingwilliamstown, Cork who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and survived in the sinking in life boat 13 [15]
  • Miss Catherine Buckley (d. 1912), aged 22, Irish Third Class passenger from Ovens, Cork who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking and was recovered by CS Mackay-Bennett [15]
USS Arizona
  • Mr. Jack C. Buckley, American Fire Controlman Third Class from Kentucky, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [16]

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Citations

  1. ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
  2. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  5. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Almorah voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1817 with 180 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/almorah/1817
  6. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Agamemnon voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1820 with 179 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/agamemnon/1820
  7. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1822 with 190 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1822
  8. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1823 with 151 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1823
  9. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 27) Andromeda voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1832 with 186 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/andromeda/1832
  10. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  11. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  12. ^ William Buckley. (Retrieved 2010, September 27) William Buckley. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_F._Buckley%2C_Jr.
  13. ^ HMAS Sydney II, Finding Sydney Foundation - Roll of Honour. (Retrieved 2014, April 24) . Retrieved from http://www.findingsydney.com/roll.asp
  14. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  15. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html
  16. ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html
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