Brooke History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The name Brooke was carried to England in the enormous movement of people that followed the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Brooke family lived in Essex. The name, however, derives from the family's former residence in Broc, in the area of Anjou, France. [1]

Early Origins of the Brooke family

The surname Brooke was first found in Essex. Medieval forms of the name are Ate-Broc, Atte-Broc, Attenbroke and was more often than not pluralized to Brooks and Brookes in modern times. [2]

Originally from the Norman "Broc," meaning "a stream" or "at the brook," one of the first references was of Robert le Broc and Ranyllph le Broc, two knights having estates in Essex in the year 1119. A few years later, Eustace delbroc was listed in the Pipe Rolls of Northumberland in 1130 and Rand de Broc was listed in the Pipe Rolls of Hampshire in 1157.

Early in the 13th century, William de la Broke was listed in the Curia Regis Rolls of Surrey in 1208 and Emma de Brokes was listed in the same source but in Suffolk in 1220. [3] The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 list Alice de la Broke and Laurence del Broc. [4]

Important Dates for the Brooke family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Brooke research. Another 204 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1214, 1592, 1660, 1512, 1560, 1532, 1560, 1569, 1563, 1545, 1660, 1614, 1643, 1664, 1602, 1655, 1652, 1608, 1680, 1685, 1646, 1648, 1632, 1676, 1601, 1683, 1685 and are included under the topic Early Brooke History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Brooke Spelling Variations

Endless spelling variations are a prevailing characteristic of Norman surnames. Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules, and the introduction of Norman French added an unfamiliar ingredient to the English linguistic stew. French and Latin, the languages of the court, also influenced spellings. Finally, Medieval scribes generally spelled words according to how they sounded, so one person was often referred to by different spellings in different documents. The name has been spelled Brook, Brooke, Brookes, Brooks, Brecks, Broocks and others.

Early Notables of the Brooke family (pre 1700)

Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Richard Brooke (died 1569), Sheriff of Cheshire in 1563, he bought the manor of Norton, Cheshire from Henry VIII in 1545 following the dissolution of the monasteries; John Brooke, (died 1660) 1st Baron Cobham, an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1614 and 1643; Sir Henry Brooke, 1st Baronet (died 1664), an English soldier and politician; Robert Brooke, Sr...
Another 74 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Brooke Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Brooke family to Ireland

Some of the Brooke family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 124 words (9 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Brooke migration to the United States

To escape the political and religious persecution within England at the time, many English families left for the various British colonies abroad. The voyage was extremely difficult, though, and the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving. But for those who made it, the trip was most often worth it. Many of the families who arrived went on to make valuable contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families reveals a number of immigrants bearing the name Brooke or a variant listed above:

Brooke Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Robert Brooke, who landed in New England in 1634 [5]
  • Richard Brooke, aged 24, who landed in America in 1635 [5]
  • Barnabie Brooke, aged 20, who arrived in St Christopher in 1635 [5]
  • Bazill Brooke, aged 20, who landed in Virginia in 1635 [5]
  • Elizabeth Brooke, who landed in Maryland in 1637-1638 [5]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Brooke Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Clement Brooke, who landed in South Carolina in 1775 [5]
Brooke Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • John L Brooke, aged 58, who landed in South Carolina in 1812 [5]
  • John Brooke of Montgomery, Pennsylvania
  • W Brooke, aged 35, who landed in Boston, Massachusetts in 1847 [5]
  • Ignatius Brooke, who arrived in Maryland in 1848 [5]

Brooke migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Brooke Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • W. Brooke, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "William Hyde" in 1849 [6]
  • Henry Brooke, English Convict from Berkshire, who was transported aboard the "Aboukir" on December 24, 1851, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [7]

Brooke migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Brooke Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Charles Brooke, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Zealandia" in 1861
  • Mr. Frederick W. Brooke, (b. 1847), aged 27, British settler travelling from England aboard the ship "Varuna" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 27th May 1874 [8]
  • Mrs. Mary Brooke, (b. 1845), aged 29, British settler travelling from England aboard the ship "Varuna" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 27th May 1874 [8]
  • Martha Brooke, aged 24, a housemaid, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Dorette" in 1874
  • Mrs. Isabelle Brooke, (b. 1826), aged 48, Scottish machinist, from Lanark travelling from Glasgow aboard the ship "Oamaru" arriving in Port Chalmers, Dunedin, Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 17th February 1875 [8]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Brooke (post 1700)

  • Edward William Brooke III (1919-2015), American politician, United States Senator from Massachusetts (1967-1979), recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • John Van de Brooke, American Republican politician, Candidate for U.S. Representative from California 29th District, 1986 [9]
  • Henry James Brooke (1771-1857), English crystallographer, born at Exeter; he discovered thirteen new mineral species [10]
  • Charles Brooke (1804-1879), English surgeon and inventor, son of the well-known mineralogist, Henry James Brooke [10]
  • Sir Arthur de Capell Brooke (1791-1858), of Oakley Hall, Northamptonshire, English author of several works of travel, descended from a family originally settled in Cheshire, born in Bolton Street, Mayfair [10]
  • Jocelyn Brooke (1908-1966), English author of several unusual and semi-autobiographical novels as well as some poetry
  • Sir Henry Brooke CMG PC (1936-2018), British jurist, Lord Justice of Appeal in 1996, Vice-President of the Civil Division of the Court of Appeal of England and Wales in 2003
  • Frances Moore Brooke (1724-1789), English novelist who followed her husband to Canada where he was a chaplain to the garrison at Quebec, where she wrote her four-volume "History of Emily Montague," based on Canadian life
  • Sub-Lieutenant Frances Haffey Brooke -Smith GC (1918-1952), British officer awarded the George Cross in the second world war while assigned to Atlantic convoy escort duties
  • Rupert Chawner Brooke (1887-1915), British poet known for his War Sonnets written during his one day of limited military action in the First World War
  • ... (Another 2 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Brooke family

HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. Ralph Brooke, British Boy, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [11]
  • Mr. Geoffrey Arthur George Brooke, British Sub Lieutenant, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [11]
HMS Royal Oak
  • Frank Brooke, British Marine with the Royal Marine aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he survived the sinking [12]

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Citations

  1. ^ The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
  2. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  3. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  4. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  5. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  6. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) WILLIAM HYDE 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849WilliamHyde.htm
  7. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 18) Aboukir voyage to Van Diemen's Land and Norfolk Island. [These convicts appear to have all landed in Van Diemen's Land], Australia in 1851 with 280 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/aboukir/1851
  8. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  9. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, February 2) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  10. ^ Wikisource contributors. "Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900." Wikisource . Wikisource , 4 Jun. 2018. Web. 5 Feb. 2019
  11. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  12. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
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