Brain History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

Brain is one of the many new names that came to England following the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Brain family lived in Gloucestershire. The family is believed to have been from Brain, near Hainaut in Normandy where they were nobles of the order of St. Empire.

Early Origins of the Brain family

The surname Brain was first found in Gloucestershire where they held a family seat from very early times and were granted lands by Duke William of Normandy, their liege Lord, for their distinguished assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 A.D. The family name is believed to have been seated in Hainaut in Normandy where they were nobles of the order of St. Empire.

Important Dates for the Brain family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Brain research. Another 45 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Brain History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Brain Spelling Variations

Anglo-Norman names tend to be marked by an enormous number of spelling variations. This is largely due to the fact that Old and Middle English lacked any spelling rules when Norman French was introduced in the 11th century. The languages of the English courts at that time were French and Latin. These various languages mixed quite freely in the evolving social milieu. The final element of this mix is that medieval scribes spelled words according to their sounds rather than any definite rules, so a name was often spelled in as many different ways as the number of documents it appeared in. The name was spelled Brain, Braine, Brayne, Brane, Brayn and others.

Early Notables of the Brain family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Brain Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Brain migration to the United States

Because of the political and religious discontent in England, families began to migrate abroad in enormous numbers. Faced with persecution and starvation at home, the open frontiers and generally less oppressive social environment of the New World seemed tantalizing indeed to many English people. The trip was difficult, and not all made it unscathed, but many of those who did get to Canada and the United States made important contributions to the young nations in which they settled. Some of the first North American settlers with Brain name or one of its variants:

Brain Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Elizabeth Brain who settled in New England in 1754
Brain Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Joaquin Duran Brain, who arrived in New York, NY in 1827 [1]
  • John Brain, aged 44, who arrived in New York in 1851 [1]
  • James Brain, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1852 [1]

Brain migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Brain Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Malachi Brain, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "William Mitchell" in 1840 [2]
  • Louisa Brain, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "William Mitchell" in 1840 [2]
  • Sarah Brain, English convict from Oxford, who was transported aboard the "Angelina" on April 25, 1844, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [3]
  • Edward Ryder Brain, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Bolton" in 1848 [4]
  • Georgina Brain, aged 19, a servant, who arrived in South Australia in 1849 aboard the ship "Eliza" [5]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Brain migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Brain Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. James Brain, British settler arriving as Detachment of the Royal New Zealand Fencibles travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Sir George Symour" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 26th November 1847 [6]
  • Mrs. Harriet Brain née Southwell, British settler travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Sir George Symour" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 26th November 1847 [6]
  • Joseph D. Brain, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Aloe" in 1863
  • Mr. Walter Brain, British settler travelling from Plymouth aboard the ship "Roman Emperor" arriving in Lyttlelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 30th March 1863 [6]
  • Mr. William Brain, British settler travelling from Plymouth aboard the ship "Roman Emperor" arriving in Lyttlelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 30th March 1863 [6]

Contemporary Notables of the name Brain (post 1700)

  • Dave Brain (1879-1959), English-born, American Major League Baseball player
  • Walter Russell Brain (1895-1966), English Neurologist, 1st Baron Brain
  • Dennis Brain (1921-1957), English horn player
  • Aubrey Harold Brain (1893-1955), English horn player
  • John Brain (1961-2012), British rugby player
  • Gary Clifford Dennis Brain (b. 1943), New Zealand conductor and former musician
  • Sir Hugh Gerner Brain (1890-1976), Australian, army officer, businessman, and public servant
  • Brain Redfearn (b. 1935), English former professional footballer

You May Also Like

Citations

  1. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  2. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) WILLIAM MITCHELL 1840. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1840WilliamMitchell.gif
  3. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 27) Angelina voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1844 with 171 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/angelina/1844
  4. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) BOLTON 1848. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1848Bolton.htm
  5. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) ELIZA 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Eliza.htm
  6. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
Shipping
Fastest Delivery Possible

Digital Products on Checkout, all other products filled in 1 business day

Money Back
Money Back Guarantee

Yes, all products 100% Guaranteed

Support
BBB A+ Rating

The Best Rating possible

Payment
Secure Online Payment

Entire site uses SSL / Secure Certificate