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Brain History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms



Brain is one of the many new names that came to England following the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Brain family lived in Gloucestershire. The family is believed to have been from Brain, near Hainaut in Normandy where they were nobles of the order of St. Empire.


Early Origins of the Brain family


The surname Brain was first found in Gloucestershire where they held a family seat from very early times and were granted lands by Duke William of Normandy, their liege Lord, for their distinguished assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 A.D. The family name is believed to have been seated in Hainaut in Normandy where they were nobles of the order of St. Empire.

Early History of the Brain family


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Brain research.
Another 45 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Brain History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Brain Spelling Variations


Anglo-Norman names tend to be marked by an enormous number of spelling variations. This is largely due to the fact that Old and Middle English lacked any spelling rules when Norman French was introduced in the 11th century. The languages of the English courts at that time were French and Latin. These various languages mixed quite freely in the evolving social milieu. The final element of this mix is that medieval scribes spelled words according to their sounds rather than any definite rules, so a name was often spelled in as many different ways as the number of documents it appeared in. The name was spelled Brain, Braine, Brayne, Brane, Brayn and others.

Early Notables of the Brain family (pre 1700)


More information is included under the topic Early Brain Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Brain family to the New World and Oceana


Because of the political and religious discontent in England, families began to migrate abroad in enormous numbers. Faced with persecution and starvation at home, the open frontiers and generally less oppressive social environment of the New World seemed tantalizing indeed to many English people. The trip was difficult, and not all made it unscathed, but many of those who did get to Canada and the United States made important contributions to the young nations in which they settled. Some of the first North American settlers with Brain name or one of its variants:

Brain Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Elizabeth Brain who settled in New England in 1754

Brain Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Joaquin Duran Brain, who arrived in New York, NY in 1827 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • John Brain, aged 44, who arrived in New York in 1851 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • James Brain, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1852 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)

Brain Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Malachi Brain, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "William Mitchell" in 1840 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) WILLIAM MITCHELL 1840. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1840WilliamMitchell.gif
  • Louisa Brain, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "William Mitchell" in 1840 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) WILLIAM MITCHELL 1840. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1840WilliamMitchell.gif
  • Sarah Brain, English convict from Oxford, who was transported aboard the "Angelina" on April 25, 1844, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 27) Angelina voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1844 with 171 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/angelina/1844
  • Edward Ryder Brain, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Bolton" in 1848 [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) BOLTON 1848. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1848Bolton.htm
  • Georgina Brain, aged 19, a servant, who arrived in South Australia in 1849 aboard the ship "Eliza" [5]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) ELIZA 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Eliza.htm
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Brain Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Joseph D. Brain, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Aloe" in 1863

Contemporary Notables of the name Brain (post 1700)


  • Dave Brain (1879-1959), English-born, American Major League Baseball player
  • Walter Russell Brain (1895-1966), English Neurologist, 1st Baron Brain
  • Dennis Brain (1921-1957), English horn player
  • Aubrey Harold Brain (1893-1955), English horn player
  • John Brain (1961-2012), British rugby player
  • Gary Clifford Dennis Brain (b. 1943), New Zealand conductor and former musician
  • Sir Hugh Gerner Brain (1890-1976), Australian, army officer, businessman, and public servant
  • Brain Redfearn (b. 1935), English former professional footballer

Brain Family Crest Products



See Also



Citations


  1. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  2. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) WILLIAM MITCHELL 1840. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1840WilliamMitchell.gif
  3. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 27) Angelina voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1844 with 171 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/angelina/1844
  4. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) BOLTON 1848. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1848Bolton.htm
  5. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) ELIZA 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Eliza.htm


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