Bolton History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The ancestors of the name Bolton date back to the Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. The name is derived from when the Bolton family lived in Lancashire and Yorkshire, where they derived their name from any of several places named Boulton or Bolton. The name literally means district characterized by bends from the Old English words boga and land. [1] There are numerous place names throughout the north of England named after this illustrious family including Bolton le Sands in Lancashire, Bolton Castle, Bolton Percy and Bolton upon Dearne in Yorkshire. The Domesday Book of 1086 refers to Bodeltone [2] and it is generally understood that this if the first reference for most of these places.

Early Origins of the Bolton family

The surname Bolton was first found in Lancashire, Yorkshire, Cumberland and Northumberland. The latter "is memorable as the scene of a meeting in 1209, between John, King of England, and William, King of Scotland." [3]

The Boldon Book was prepared on orders of Hugh du Puiset, Bishop of Durham in 1183 and while similar to the Domesday Book from a century before, the book lists lands and properties of what would later become County Durham which is now known as the North East. Only four known manuscript copies exist today.

More recently, some of the family were found at Wrightington in Lancashire. "Harrock Hall, the seat of the Boulton family, was purchased in 1839 from the Rigbys, of whom, in 1567, it had already been the residence for four generations: the house, around which are 420 acres, has been restored by the present possessor." [3]

Important Dates for the Bolton family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Bolton research. Another 145 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1191, 1321, 1575, 1633, 1575, 1570, 1648, 1592, 1659, 1606, 1654, 1680, 1666, 1639, 1650, 1572, 1631, 1868 and are included under the topic Early Bolton History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Bolton Spelling Variations

It is only in the last few hundred years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, early Anglo-Saxon surnames like Bolton are characterized by many spelling variations. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages, even literate people changed the spelling of their names. The variations of the name Bolton include: Boulton, Bolton, Bolten, Boalton, Boultoun, Boultown, Boltan, Boulten and many more.

Early Notables of the Bolton family (pre 1700)

Distinguished members of the family include Edmund Bolton or Boulton (1575?-1633?), an English historian and poet, born in or about 1575; Sir Richard Bolton (1570?-1648), English lawyer, son of John Bolton, of Fenton, Staffordshire; Sir Edward Bolton (1592-1659 ), an English-born judge who served for many years as Solicitor General for Ireland; Robert de Boulton, of Lancashire; Samuel Bolton (1606-1654), an English clergyman and scholar, a member of the Westminster Assembly and Master of Christ's College, Cambridge; Sir William Bolton (died 1680), an English merchant, Lord Mayor of London in 1666; and Sir Richard Bolton (1639-1650)...
Another 96 words (7 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Bolton Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Bolton family to Ireland

Some of the Bolton family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 97 words (7 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Bolton migration to the United States

Many English families tired of political and religious strife left Britain for the new colonies in North America. Although the trip itself offered no relief - conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and many travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute - these immigrants believed the opportunities that awaited them were worth the risks. Once in the colonies, many of the families did indeed prosper and, in turn, made significant contributions to the culture and economies of the growing colonies. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families has revealed a number of immigrants bearing the name Bolton or a variant listed above:

Bolton Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Jane Bolton, who settled in Virginia in 1635
  • lone Bolton, who arrived in Virginia in 1635 [4]
  • Nathaniel Bolton, aged 19, who landed in Barbados in 1635 [4]
  • Tho Bolton, aged 18, who landed in Virginia in 1635 [4]
  • Joane Bolton, who landed in Virginia in 1636 [4]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Bolton Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Mattw Bolton, who arrived in Virginia in 1703 [4]
  • Hugh Bolton, who landed in New England in 1730 [4]
  • Elianor Bolton, who arrived in Maryland in 1740 [4]
Bolton Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Robert Bolton, who landed in America in 1808 [4]
  • B B Bolton, aged 38, who landed in Maryland in 1813 [4]
  • Margaret Bolton, who arrived in New York, NY in 1816 [4]
  • Samuel Bolton, who arrived in Tippecanoe County, Ind in 1844 [4]
  • Mathias Bolton, who landed in New York NY in 1847 [4]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Bolton migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Bolton Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Mr. Abraham Bolton U.E. who settled in Canada c. 1783 [5]
  • Mr. Abraham Bolton Sr., U.E. who settled in Edwardsburgh-Cardinal, Leeds & Grenville, Ontario c. 1783 [5]
  • Mr. Richard Bolton U.E. who settled in Edwardsburgh-Cardinal, Leeds & Grenville, Ontario c. 1783 [5]
  • Mr. George Bolton, "Boulton" U.E. who settled in Canada c. 1783 [5]

Bolton migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Bolton Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

Bolton migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Bolton Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. William Bolton, Cornish settler travelling from Launceston, UK aboard the ship "Brazil Packet" arriving in Hokianga, North Island, New Zealand in 1836 [11]
  • Edward Bolton, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1839
  • Mr. Bolton, Australian settler travelling from Sydney aboard the ship "Bee" arriving in New Zealand in 1839 [11]
  • Mr. James Bolton, (b. 1817), aged 23, British agricultural labourer travelling from England aboard the ship "Martha Ridgway" arriving in Wellington, New Zealand on 14th November 1840 [11]
  • James Bolton, aged 23, a farm labourer, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Martha Ridgeway" in 1840
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Bolton (post 1700)

  • Roxcy O'Neal Bolton (1926-2017), American feminist and civil and women's rights activist, founder of Women in Distress
  • Josh Bolton (b. 1984), American soccer player
  • Thomas Edward Bolton (b. 1962), American former Major League Baseball pitcher
  • Michael Bolton (b. 1953), stage name of Michael Bolotin, American Grammy Award and American Music Award winning singer and songwriter
  • Brigadier-General Newell Castle Bolton (1888-1947), American Commanding Officer 54th Cavalry Brigade (1936-1940) [12]
  • John Bolton (b. 1948), American politician, U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations (2005-06)
  • Guy Bolton (1885-1979), American playwright and screenwriter
  • Herbert Eugene Bolton (1870-1953), American historian and professor of history
  • Ruthie Bolton (b. 1967), American former collegiate, Olympic, and professional basketball player
  • First Lieutenant Cecil H Bolton (1908-1965), American officer awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor in 1944
  • ... (Another 9 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Bolton family

Empress of Ireland
  • Miss Sadie Bolton (1914-1914), Canadian Third Class Passenger from Toronto, Ontario, Canada who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [13]
  • Master George Bruce Bolton (1911-1914), Canadian Third Class Passenger from Toronto, Ontario, Canada who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [13]
  • Mrs. Lillian Maud Bolton (1883-1914), Canadian Third Class Passenger from Toronto, Ontario, Canada who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [13]
  • Mr. George Henry Bolton (1882-1914), Canadian Third Class Passenger from Toronto, Ontario, Canada who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [13]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. William Thomas Bolton, British Petty Officer Stoker, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died in the sinking [14]
  • Mr. William James Bolton (b. 1921), Irish Ordinary Seaman from Belfast, Ireland, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [14]

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Citations

  1. ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
  2. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  3. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  4. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  5. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  6. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1822 with 190 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1822
  7. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1824 with 9 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1824
  8. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The EMILY 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Emily.htm
  9. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) SULTANA 1850. Retrieved http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1850Sultana.htm
  10. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) AMITY HALL 1850. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1850AmityHall.gif
  11. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  12. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, October 22) Newell Bolton. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Bolton/Newell_Castle/USA.html
  13. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 16) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  14. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
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