Bitend History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
The Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain were the first to use the name of Bitend. The name had a practical origin since it came from when its initial bearer worked as a maker of buttons. The surname Bitend is a metonymic name derived from the Old French word boton, which means button.
Alternatively, the name could have been derived from the Old English "bi" + "dun," collectively meaning "dweller by the down." 
Early Origins of the Bitend family
The surname Bitend was first found in Hampshire and later in Gloucestershire and Somerset. Lower says the family can be traced to the 13th century in Hampshire where Sir Walter de Button was progenitor of the family about 1216 A.D. The family had flourished for several centuries in that county, intermarrying with many distinguished families, supplementing their estates with marriages of the heiresses of the Furneaux, Bryan, Turbevilles, Bassets and others.
According to the Pipe Rolls of 1177, Trihon Bidon held lands there at that time and over one hundred years later, William Bidun was listed in Hundredorum Rolls of Bedfordshire in 1279. 
William of Bitton I (d. 1264,) also listed as William Button was a medieval Bishop of Bath and Wells. His nephews included another William of Bitton (d. 1274,) was also Bishop of Bath and Wells; and William's brother, a Thomas of Bitton (d. 1307,) an Archdeacon and Dean of Wells, and later Bishop of Exeter (1291-1307). 
Further to the north in Scotland, "Walter de Bydun witnessed King David's gift of Rindelgros (i.e. Rhind in Perthshire) to the Abbey of Reading c. 1143-47. He or a succeeding Walter appears several times as chancellor of Scotland between c. 1165 and 1178, and as a witness to royal charters. A twelfth century pedigree of the family is given in Pipe Roll Society Publications, vol. xxxv, p. xliii." 
On the infamous side, Matthew Button was executed on the 25th August 1355 for unlawfully taking and killing forty eight head of deer from the forest of Kingswood, the King's private hunting reserve. This person not only lived about the time of Robin Hood, he also seemed to indulge in the same kind of activities, except that Kingswood is about sixty miles south west of Sherwood.
Early History of the Bitend family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Bitend research. Another 88 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1713, 1566, 1620, 1584, 1655, 1614, 1629, 1665, 1625, 1648, 1680, 1624, 1679, 1659, 1679, 1620, 1634, 1612, 1613 and 1646 are included under the topic Early Bitend History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Bitend Spelling Variations
Until quite recently, the English language has lacked a definite system of spelling rules. Consequently, Anglo-Saxon surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. Changes in Anglo-Saxon names were influenced by the evolution of the English language, as it incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other languages. Although Medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, so it is common to find one person referred to by several different spellings of his surname, even the most literate people varied the spelling of their own names. Variations of the name Bitend include Button, Bitton, Buttoner, Buton, Biton, Buttons, Boutin, Bouttin, Bouton, Boutton, Budden, Buddan, Boudin, Bouddin, Buttan, Buddon, Buddin, Butten, Buttin, Butting, Budding, Buttane and many more.
Early Notables of the Bitend family (pre 1700)
Distinguished members of the family include John Budden (1566-1620), Professor of civil law at Oxford, son of John Budden of Canford, Dorsetshire; Sir William Button, 1st Baronet (1584-1655), an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1614 and 1629, supported the Royalist cause in the English Civil War; John Button (died 1665), an English politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1625 and 1648, he fought on the Parliamentary side in the English Civil War; Ralph Button (died 1680), an English academic and clergyman, Gresham Professor of Geometry, canon of Christ Church, Oxford...
Another 104 words (7 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Bitend Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Bitend family to Ireland
Some of the Bitend family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. More information about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Bitend family
Searching for a better life, many English families migrated to British colonies. Unfortunately, the majority of them traveled under extremely harsh conditions: overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the ocean. For those families that arrived safely, modest prosperity was attainable, and many went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the new colonies. Research into the origins of individual families in North America revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Bitend or a variant listed above: Mary Button who settled in Jamaica in 1685; Thomas Button settled in Virginia in 1623; William Button settled in Plymouth Massachusetts in 1620; John Button settled in Baltimore Maryland in 1775.
Related Stories +
- ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
- ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
- ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)