Bident History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
The ancestry of the name Bident can be traced back to the Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. It is a name for a maker of buttons. The surname Bident is a metonymic name derived from the Old French word boton, which means button.
Alternatively, the name could have been derived from the Old English "bi" + "dun," collectively meaning "dweller by the down." 
Early Origins of the Bident family
The surname Bident was first found in Hampshire and later in Gloucestershire and Somerset. Lower says the family can be traced to the 13th century in Hampshire where Sir Walter de Button was progenitor of the family about 1216 A.D. The family had flourished for several centuries in that county, intermarrying with many distinguished families, supplementing their estates with marriages of the heiresses of the Furneaux, Bryan, Turbevilles, Bassets and others.
According to the Pipe Rolls of 1177, Trihon Bidon held lands there at that time and over one hundred years later, William Bidun was listed in Hundredorum Rolls of Bedfordshire in 1279. 
William of Bitton I (d. 1264,) also listed as William Button was a medieval Bishop of Bath and Wells. His nephews included another William of Bitton (d. 1274,) was also Bishop of Bath and Wells; and William's brother, a Thomas of Bitton (d. 1307,) an Archdeacon and Dean of Wells, and later Bishop of Exeter (1291-1307). 
Further to the north in Scotland, "Walter de Bydun witnessed King David's gift of Rindelgros (i.e. Rhind in Perthshire) to the Abbey of Reading c. 1143-47. He or a succeeding Walter appears several times as chancellor of Scotland between c. 1165 and 1178, and as a witness to royal charters. A twelfth century pedigree of the family is given in Pipe Roll Society Publications, vol. xxxv, p. xliii." 
On the infamous side, Matthew Button was executed on the 25th August 1355 for unlawfully taking and killing forty eight head of deer from the forest of Kingswood, the King's private hunting reserve. This person not only lived about the time of Robin Hood, he also seemed to indulge in the same kind of activities, except that Kingswood is about sixty miles south west of Sherwood.
Early History of the Bident family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Bident research. Another 88 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1713, 1566, 1620, 1584, 1655, 1614, 1629, 1665, 1625, 1648, 1680, 1624, 1679, 1659, 1679, 1620 and 1646 are included under the topic Early Bident History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Bident Spelling Variations
Bident has been spelled many different ways. Before English spelling became standardized over the last few hundred years, spelling variations in names were a common occurrence. As the English language changed in the Middle Ages, absorbing pieces of Latin and French, as well as other languages, the spelling of people's names also changed considerably, even over a single lifetime. Many variations of the name Bident have been found, including Button, Bitton, Buttoner, Buton, Biton, Buttons, Boutin, Bouttin, Bouton, Boutton, Budden, Buddan, Boudin, Bouddin, Buttan, Buddon, Buddin, Butten, Buttin, Butting, Budding, Buttane and many more.
Early Notables of the Bident family (pre 1700)
Distinguished members of the family include John Budden (1566-1620), Professor of civil law at Oxford, son of John Budden of Canford, Dorsetshire; Sir William Button, 1st Baronet (1584-1655), an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1614 and 1629, supported the Royalist cause in the English Civil War; John Button (died 1665), an English politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1625 and 1648, he fought on the Parliamentary side in the...
Another 79 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Bident Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Bident family to Ireland
Some of the Bident family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. More information about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Bident family
In an attempt to escape the chaos experienced in England, many English families boarded overcrowded and diseased ships sailing for the shores of North America and other British colonies. Those families hardy enough, and lucky enough, to make the passage intact were rewarded with land and a social environment less prone to religious and political persecution. Many of these families became important contributors to the young colonies in which they settled. Early immigration and passenger lists have documented some of the first Bidents to arrive on North American shores: Mary Button who settled in Jamaica in 1685; Thomas Button settled in Virginia in 1623; William Button settled in Plymouth Massachusetts in 1620; John Button settled in Baltimore Maryland in 1775.
Related Stories +
- ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
- ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
- ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)