Bayns History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The name Bayns reached English shores for the first time with the ancestors of the Bayns family as they migrated following the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Bayns family lived in Baynes, near Bayeux, Normandy. [1] Today Baynes is part of Lower Normandy.

Early Origins of the Bayns family

The surname Bayns was first found in Dover, where Eustace de Bauns, witnessed a charter of William Peverill of Dover temp. William the Conqueror. Lucas de Bans, or Bayons, was from Lincolnshire. [1]

Indeed the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 list Henry de Bayns and John de Bayns in Lincolnshire at that time. A few years later, John de Bayns was listed in Staffordshire temp. Henry III- Edward I. The Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls had only one listing of the name, Thomas de Baines in 1379. [2] The Assize Rolls of Lancashire listed William Banes in 1246. [3]

"The principal mansion [of Littledale, Lancashire], called the Craggs, was granted by the first lord Monteagle to Richard Baines, his standard-bearer, for heroic conduct in the battle of Flodden-Field; and on the estate is a field which the standard-bearer named Flodden, from its similarity to the field whence his fortunes and honors sprang." [4]

From about the 16th century, the name was found further north in Scotland. "Alexander Banys had a respite in 1541 for art and part of the slauchter of Schir William Stevinsoune, chaplane, on the Links of Kincrag about nine years before. This name was not uncommon in St. Andrews in the sixteenth century, and Thomas Banis, a bluegown, is recorded there in 1583. Andrew Beanes, flesher in Edinburgh, 1617, and another Andrew Baines was locksmith there, 1676." [5]

Important Dates for the Bayns family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Bayns research. Another 163 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1219, 1246, 1273, 1379, 1577, 1676, 1622, 1671, 1559, 1546, 1623, 1546, 1622, 1680, 1660, 1774 and 1848 are included under the topic Early Bayns History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Bayns Spelling Variations

Anglo-Norman names tend to be marked by an enormous number of spelling variations. This is largely due to the fact that Old and Middle English lacked any spelling rules when Norman French was introduced in the 11th century. The languages of the English courts at that time were French and Latin. These various languages mixed quite freely in the evolving social milieu. The final element of this mix is that medieval scribes spelled words according to their sounds rather than any definite rules, so a name was often spelled in as many different ways as the number of documents it appeared in. The name was spelled Baines, Banes, Baynes, Bayns, Baynnes, Bainnes and others.

Early Notables of the Bayns family (pre 1700)

Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Adam Baynes (bapt.1622-1671), an English parliamentary army officer and MP for Leeds during the Commonwealth Ralph Baynes (d. 1559), was Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry and a native of Knowsthorp in Yorkshire. [6] Roger Baynes (1546-1623), was Secretary to Cardinal Allen and was born in England in 1546. [6] Sir Thomas Baines, M.D. (1622-1680), was an English physician, the lifelong companion of...
Another 67 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Bayns Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Bayns family

Because of the political and religious discontent in England, families began to migrate abroad in enormous numbers. Faced with persecution and starvation at home, the open frontiers and generally less oppressive social environment of the New World seemed tantalizing indeed to many English people. The trip was difficult, and not all made it unscathed, but many of those who did get to Canada and the United States made important contributions to the young nations in which they settled. Some of the first North American settlers with Bayns name or one of its variants: Alice Baines, who sailed to Barbados in 1680. Andrew Baines sailed to America in 1711; George Baines to Maryland in 1734 and Henry Baines to New York in 1820..

Citations

  1. ^ The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
  2. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  3. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  4. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  5. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  6. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
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