Baynes History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The history of the Baynes family name begins after the Norman Conquest of 1066. They lived in Baynes, near Bayeux, Normandy. [1] Today Baynes is part of Lower Normandy.

Early Origins of the Baynes family

The surname Baynes was first found in Dover, where Eustace de Bauns, witnessed a charter of William Peverill of Dover temp. William the Conqueror. Lucas de Bans, or Bayons, was from Lincolnshire. [1]

Indeed the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 list Henry de Bayns and John de Bayns in Lincolnshire at that time. A few years later, John de Bayns was listed in Staffordshire temp. Henry III- Edward I. The Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls had only one listing of the name, Thomas de Baines in 1379. [2] The Assize Rolls of Lancashire listed William Banes in 1246. [3]

"The principal mansion [of Littledale, Lancashire], called the Craggs, was granted by the first lord Monteagle to Richard Baines, his standard-bearer, for heroic conduct in the battle of Flodden-Field; and on the estate is a field which the standard-bearer named Flodden, from its similarity to the field whence his fortunes and honors sprang." [4]

From about the 16th century, the name was found further north in Scotland. "Alexander Banys had a respite in 1541 for art and part of the slauchter of Schir William Stevinsoune, chaplane, on the Links of Kincrag about nine years before. This name was not uncommon in St. Andrews in the sixteenth century, and Thomas Banis, a bluegown, is recorded there in 1583. Andrew Beanes, flesher in Edinburgh, 1617, and another Andrew Baines was locksmith there, 1676." [5]

Important Dates for the Baynes family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Baynes research. Another 163 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1219, 1246, 1273, 1379, 1577, 1676, 1622, 1671, 1559, 1546, 1623, 1546, 1622, 1680, 1660, 1774 and 1848 are included under the topic Early Baynes History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Baynes Spelling Variations

Anglo-Norman names are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. When the Normans became the ruling people of England in the 11th century, they introduced a new language into a society where the main languages of Old and later Middle English had no definite spelling rules. These languages were more often spoken than written, so they blended freely with one another. Contributing to this mixing of tongues was the fact that medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, ensuring that a person's name would appear differently in nearly every document in which it was recorded. The name has been spelled Baines, Banes, Baynes, Bayns, Baynnes, Bainnes and others.

Early Notables of the Baynes family (pre 1700)

Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Adam Baynes (bapt.1622-1671), an English parliamentary army officer and MP for Leeds during the Commonwealth Ralph Baynes (d. 1559), was Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry and a native of Knowsthorp in Yorkshire. [6] Roger Baynes (1546-1623), was Secretary to Cardinal Allen and was born in England in 1546. [6] Sir Thomas Baines, M.D. (1622-1680), was an English physician, the lifelong companion of...
Another 67 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Baynes Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Baynes migration to the United States

For many English families, the political and religious disarray that plagued their homeland made the frontiers of the New World an attractive prospect. Thousands migrated, aboard cramped disease-ridden ships. They arrived sick, poor, and hungry, but were welcomed in many cases with far greater opportunity than at home in England. Many of these hardy settlers went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Among early immigrants bearing the name Baynes or a variant listed above were:

Baynes Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Benony Baynes, who arrived in Connecticut in 1698 [7]
Baynes Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Edward Baynes, who landed in Virginia in 1702 [7]
  • Thomas Baynes, who arrived in Virginia in 1709 [7]

Baynes migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Baynes Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • William Baynes, aged 18, who arrived in South Australia in 1851 aboard the ship "Osceola" [8]
  • Isaac Baynes, aged 41, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Caroline" [9]
  • George Baynes, aged 18, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Caroline" [9]
  • Lawrence Baynes, aged 15, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Caroline" [9]
  • Mary Sophia Baynes, aged 14, a domestic servant, who arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Caroline" [9]

Baynes migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Baynes Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mrs. Frances Baynes, (b. 1822), aged 40, English housekeeper, from Middlesex travelling from London aboard the ship "Queen of Mersey" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, Southland, South Island, New Zealand on 20th October 1862 [10]
  • Mr. Mathias W. Baynes, (b. 1844), aged 18, English labourer, from Middlesex travelling from London aboard the ship "Queen of Mersey" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, Southland, South Island, New Zealand on 20th October 1862 [10]
  • Miss Frances L. Baynes, (b. 1846), aged 16, English domestic servant, from Middlesex travelling from London aboard the ship "Queen of Mersey" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, Southland, South Island, New Zealand on 20th October 1862 [10]
  • Mr. Alfred Thomas Baynes, (b. 1848), aged 14, English labourer, from Middlesex travelling from London aboard the ship "Queen of Mersey" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, Southland, South Island, New Zealand on 20th October 1862 [10]
  • Mr. Charles Baynes, (b. 1851), aged 11, English settler, from Middlesex travelling from London aboard the ship "Queen of Mersey" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, Southland, South Island, New Zealand on 20th October 1862 [10]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Baynes (post 1700)

  • Thomas Spencer Baynes (1823-1887), English philosopher
  • Thomas Mann Baynes (1794-1876), English artist, son of James Baynes
  • James Baynes (1766-1837), English painter
  • Pauline Baynes (1922-2008), English book illustrator, best known for her works for the authors C. S. Lewis and J. R. R. Tolkien
  • Stephen Baynes (b. 1956), Australian dancer
  • Sir Robert Lambert Baynes (1796-1869), British naval officer

Citations

  1. ^ The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
  2. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  3. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  4. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  5. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  6. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  7. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  8. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) OSCEOLA / ASCEOLA 1851. Retrieved http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1851Osceola-Asceola.htm
  9. ^ South Australian Register Thursday 26th April 1855. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Caroline 1855. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/caroline1855.shtml
  10. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
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