Baliol History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The long and noble heritage behind the name of Baliol first began in medieval France. Many names derived from Old French roots arrived in England and Scotland after the Norman Conquest of the 11th century. The surname Baliol was originally derived from one of numerous place names in France such as Bailleul-en-Vimeu in Picardy, or Bailleul in Northern France. These place names are generally thought to come from the Old French word "baille," which meant "fortification."

Early Origins of the Baliol family

The surname Baliol was first found in Northumberland, where they held a family seat in their territories. Guy de Bailleul, owner of the fiefs of Bailleul, Dampierre, Harcourt, and Vinoy in Normandy was a Norman Baron, who accompanied Duke William to England. Around the year 1093, he was granted the Barony of Biwell in Northumberland by William Rufus, son of William the Conqueror, who was King of England from 1087-1100.

Without a doubt, the most famous of the family was John Balliol (c.1249-1314), King of Scots from 1292 to 1296. Also known as Johan de Bailliol, Jhon BalliIain and Iain Bailiol, little is known of his heritage and his early life. He was likely descended from Bernard I de Balliol (died c. 1154), Lord of Balliol.

His fourth son was Bernard II de Balliol (died c. 1190) was also Lord of Balliol and Barnard Castle. He is best known for his capture of William the Lion, King of the Scots, near Alnwick in 1174. [1]

Yorkshire, more specifically the North Riding of Yorkshire was found to have early records of the family. "The Balliols were anciently proprietors [of Kirkby in Cleveland] as were also the families of Kirkby and Eure." [2]

Early History of the Baliol family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Baliol research. Another 229 words (16 lines of text) covering the years 1212, 1269, 1240, 1296, 1292, 1296, 1364, 1332, 1338, 1356, 1287, 1289 and 1290 are included under the topic Early Baliol History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Baliol Spelling Variations

Spelling variations of this family name include: Baliol, Balliol, Belyall, Balliole, Baliole, Balliol and many more.

Early Notables of the Baliol family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Baliol Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Baliol migration to the United States +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Baliol Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Thomas Baliol, who arrived in New York, NY in 1823

Contemporary Notables of the name Baliol (post 1700) +

  • Alexander Baliol, author
  • The Right Honourable William Baliol Brett PC, QC (1817-1899), 1st Viscount Esher, British lawyer, judge and Conservative politician
  • Reginald Baliol Brett (1852-1930), second Viscount of Esher


  1. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  2. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.


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