Baker History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The distinguished surname Baker comes from the ancient culture of the Anglo-Saxons. The name is derived from the Old English "baecere," meaning "baker," and was first borne as an occupational name. [1] [2] [3]

"Speaking generally, this surname is most numerous in the south of England, and diminishes rapidly in frequency as we proceed northward, until we reach the counties bordering Scotland, where it meets its extinction within sight of the Cheviot Hills. Baker is a name which prefers the coast; and the manner in which it abounds in almost all the coast counties of southern England (excluding Cornwall and Dorset), from Monmouth round to Suffolk, is very remarkable, and not at first sight intelligible. The counties of Monmouth, Somerset, Sussex, and Surrey stand foremost amongst those containing the greatest number of Bakers." [4]

Early Origins of the Baker family

The surname Baker was first found in Norfolk, where the Pipe Rolls of 1177, list William le Bakere. Later in Lancashire, Robert Bakere was recorded in the Assize Rolls of 1246 and Walter le Backere was listed in Hampshire in 1280. [5]

Thirteenth century England was a very different place that today. Early feudal rolls provided the king of the time a method of cataloguing holdings for taxation, but today they provide a glimpse into the wide surname spellings in use at that time. The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 listed: Walter le Baker, Devon; William le Bakere, Oxfordshire; and Alan le Baker, Sussex. [6]

In Somerset, records from the first year of King Edward III's reign listed: John le Baker; and Roger le Baker. [7]

Early History of the Baker family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Baker research. Another 80 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1620, 1683, 1652, 1655, 1625, 1689, 1658, 1689, 1659, 1611, 1685, 1660, 1660, 1716 and are included under the topic Early Baker History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Baker Spelling Variations

The name Baker, appeared in many references, and from time to time, the surname was spelt Baker, Bakere, Baiker, Backer and others.

Early Notables of the Baker family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the family name during their early history was Aaron Eli Baker (1620-1683), an English colonial agent of the Honourable East India Company, President of Madras (1652-1655); Thomas Baker (1625?-1689), an English mathematician, best known for producing a solution of biquadratic equations; Samuel Baker, D.D. (d. 1658), a Church of England clergyman and divine; James Baker (died 1689)...
Another 58 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Baker Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Baker World Ranking

In the United States, the name Baker is the 37th most popular surname with an estimated 425,277 people with that name. [8] However, in Canada, the name Baker is ranked the 71st most popular surname with an estimated 32,923 people with that name. [9] And in Newfoundland, Canada, the name Baker is the 50th popular surname with an estimated 473 people with that name. [10] Australia ranks Baker as 25th with 51,495 people. [11] New Zealand ranks Baker as 43rd with 5,425 people. [12] The United Kingdom ranks Baker as 39th with 92,518 people. [13] South Africa ranks Baker as 974th with 7,004 people. [14]

Ireland Migration of the Baker family to Ireland

Some of the Baker family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 78 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Baker migration to the United States +

The New World beckoned as many of the settlers in Ireland, known as the Scotch/Irish, became disenchanted. They sailed aboard the armada of sailing ships known as the "White Sails" which plied the stormy Atlantic. Some called them, less romantically, the "coffin ships." Amongst the early settlers who could be considered kinsmen of the Baker family, or who bore a variation of the surname Baker were

Baker Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Edmund Baker, who landed in Maine in 1630 [15]
  • Geo Baker, who arrived in Virginia in 1633 [15]
  • Ellis Baker, who arrived in Virginia in 1635 [15]
  • Ffrancis Baker, aged 24, who landed in America in 1635 [15]
  • Dorothie Baker, who landed in Virginia in 1635 [15]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Baker Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • James Baker, who arrived in Baltimore, Maryland in 1720 [15]
  • Sarah Baker, a servant who was recruited in London and sent to Pennsylvania in 1727
  • Frances Baker, who arrived in New England in 1731 [15]
  • Elizabeth Baker, who landed in Georgia in 1736 [15]
  • Hans Georg Baker, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1737 [15]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Baker Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Joh Ant Baker, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1806 [15]
  • Heinrich Baker, who arrived in Winchester, Va in 1807 [15]
  • Diederick Ouus Baker, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1807 [15]
  • Anther Baker, who arrived in New York in 1825 [15]
  • Bebedict Baker, aged 25, who arrived in Mobile, Ala in 1832 [15]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Baker Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Mr. William Baker, (b. 1884), aged 19, Cornish miner travelling aboard the ship "New York" arriving at Ellis Island, New York on 2nd August 1903 en route to Norway, Michigan, USA [16]

Canada Baker migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Baker Settlers in Canada in the 17th Century
Baker Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Edward Baker, who settled in Conception Bay, Newfoundland in 1706 [17]
  • Elizabeth Baker, who settled in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • James Baker, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Jeremiah Baker, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1760
  • John Baker, who landed in Anapolis (Annapolis), Nova Scotia in 1760
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Baker Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Henry Baker, who landed in Canada in 1800
  • A. Baker, who settled in Quebec in 1815
  • Daniel Baker, who arrived in Canada in 1831
  • Thomas Baker, aged 40, a labourer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1834 aboard the brig "Maria" from Cork, Ireland
  • William Baker, aged 20, a labourer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1834 aboard the brig "Maria" from Cork, Ireland
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Baker Settlers in Canada in the 20th Century
  • H W Baker, who landed in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1907

Australia Baker migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Baker Settlers in Australia in the 18th Century
  • Miss Ann Baker, English convict who was convicted in Middlesex, England for 7 years , transported aboard the "Britannia III" on 18th July 1798, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [18]
  • Miss Letitia Baker, (b. 1773), aged 25, English convict who was convicted in Middlesex, England for 7 years for larceny, transported aboard the "Britannia III" on 18th July 1798, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [18]
Baker Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Miss Ann Baker, British Convict who was convicted in Exeter, Devon, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Earl Cornwallis" in August 1800, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [19]
  • Mr. Thomas Baker, (b. 1778), aged 22, English labourer who was convicted in Southampton, England for 14 years for burglary, transported aboard the "Earl Cornwallis" in August 1800, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [19]
  • Mr. John Baker, British Convict who was convicted in Devon, England for life, transported aboard the "Coromandel" on 4th December 1803, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [20]
  • Miss Sarah Baker, (b. 1796), aged 16, English servant who was convicted in Middlesex, England for 7 years for stealing, transported aboard the "Emu" in October 1812, the ship was captured and the passengers put ashore, the convicts were then transported aboard the "Broxburnebury" in January 1812 arriving in New South Wales, Australia [21]
  • Mr. Slovin Baker, (Stovin), British Convict who was convicted in Lincolnshire, England for life for stealing, transported aboard the "Earl Spencer" in May 1813, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [22]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Baker migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Baker Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • William Baker, who landed in Whangaroa, New Zealand in 1833
  • Charles Baker, who landed in Bay of Islands, New Zealand in 1836 aboard the ship Patriot
  • Charles Baker, who landed in Kororareka, New Zealand in 1837
  • John Baker, who landed in Bay of Islands, New Zealand in 1838
  • Miss Baker, Australian settler travelling from Sydney aboard the ship "David" arriving in New Zealand in 1839 [23]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

West Indies Baker migration to West Indies +

The British first settled the British West Indies around 1604. They made many attempts but failed in some to establish settlements on the Islands including Saint Lucia and Grenada. By 1627 they had managed to establish settlements on St. Kitts (St. Christopher) and Barbados, but by 1641 the Spanish had moved in and destroyed some of these including those at Providence Island. The British continued to expand the settlements including setting the First Federation in the British West Indies by 1674; some of the islands include Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Island, Turks and Caicos, Jamaica and Belize then known as British Honduras. By the 1960's many of the islands became independent after the West Indies Federation which existed from 1958 to 1962 failed due to internal political conflicts. After this a number of Eastern Caribbean islands formed a free association. [24]
Baker Settlers in West Indies in the 17th Century
  • Daniel Baker, who landed in Barbados in 1634 [15]
  • Mr. Robert Baker, (b. 1584), aged 50, British settler travelling from London, UK arriving in St Christopher (St. Kitts) on 5th January 1634 [15]
  • Mr. Daniell Baker, (b. 1614), aged 20, British settler travelling from Gravesend, UK aboard the ship "Hopewell" arriving in Barbados on 17th February 1634 [15]

Contemporary Notables of the name Baker (post 1700) +

  • Lynne Rudder Baker (1944-2017), American philosopher and author
  • Gloria Shayne Baker (1923-2008), born Gloria Adele Shain, an American composer and songwriter best known for composing the Christmas carol "Do You Hear What I Hear?" in 1962
  • Robert Gene "Bobby" Baker (1928-2017), American political adviser to Lyndon B. Johnson
  • Gilbert Baker (1951-2017), American artist and gay rights activist who designed the rainbow flag in 1978
  • David Nathaniel Baker Jr. (1931-2016), American symphonic jazz composer
  • Lennie Baker (1946-2016), American singer and saxophone player for the 1950s rock group, Danny and the Juniors
  • Elzie Wylie "Buddy" Baker Jr. (1941-2015), American NASCAR racecar driver
  • Major-General Walter Campbell Baker (1877-1957), American Chief of the Chemical Corps, War Department (1937-1941) [25]
  • Brigadier-General Frayne Baker (1891-1968), American Deputy Chief of Staff, US Army Forces Pacific (1943-1946) [26]
  • Howard Henry Baker Jr. (1925-2014), American former Senate Majority Leader, Republican U.S. Senator from Tennessee, White House Chief of Staff, and a former United States Ambassador to Japan, recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • ... (Another 40 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Empress of Ireland
  • Mr. Thomas Henry Baker (1898-1914), English Assistant Steward from Wavertree, Liverpool, England, United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [27]
  • Mr. Samuel Charles Baker (1895-1914), English Bell Boy from Wavertree, Liverpool, England, United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and survived the sinking [27]
Grover Shoe factory
  • Mr. Irving G. Baker, American employee of the Grover Shoe factory in Brockton, Massachusetts on 20th March 1905 when the boiler exploded and collapsed the wooden building; he died [28]
  • Mrs. Lena Baker, American employee of the Grover Shoe factory in Brockton, Massachusetts on 20th March 1905 when the boiler exploded and collapsed the wooden building; she survived by leaping from a window [28]
Halifax Explosion
  • Ms Emma Baker, Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [29]
  • Mr. Havelock  Baker (1863-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [29]
  • Mr. Foster  Baker (1883-1917), Canadian resident from West Jeddore, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [29]
  • Mr. John  Baker (1885-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [29]
  • Miss Mary V.  Baker (1914-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [29]
  • ... (Another 6 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
HMAS Sydney II
  • Mr. Victor Leslie Baker (1923-1941), Australian Ordinary Seaman from Albion, Queensland, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [30]
  • Mr. William Alfred Baker (1922-1941), Australian Stoker from Balmain, New South Wales, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [30]
HMS Cornwall
  • Horatio Thomas William Baker (d. 1942), British Stoker 1st Class aboard the HMS Cornwall when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he died in the sinking [31]
HMS Halsted
  • Mr. Thomas John Baker, Scottish Royal Navy stoker 1st class was stationed aboard the "HMS Halsted" when it was struck by torpedo by Jaguar and Mowe of the Cherbourg coast on 11th June 1944, he did not survive
HMS Hood
  • Mr. Kenneth A Baker (b. 1914), English Petty Officer Telegraphist serving for the Royal Navy from Waterlooville, Hampshire, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [32]
  • Mr. George E Baker (b. 1918), English Leading Stoker serving for the Royal Navy from Hastings, Sussex, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [32]
  • Mr. Andrew L Baker (b. 1919), Canadian Ordinary Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from North Harbour, Placentia Bay, Newfoundland, Canada, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [32]
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. Jack J T Baker, British Ordnance Artificer 1st Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [33]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. William Baker, British Able Bodied Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [34]
  • Mr. Herbert Baker, British Able Bodied Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [34]
HMS Royal Oak
  • William Gemmell Mitchell Baker (1922-1939), born in Falkland, Fife, Scotland, Scottish Boy 1st Class with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [35]
  • Rufus Baker, British Leading Cook with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he survived the sinking [35]
  • Arthur William Baker (1913-1939), born in Bournemouth, Hampshire, England, British Leading Stoker with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [35]
  • F. Baker, British Able Seaman with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he survived the sinking [35]
  • Alfred Eric Baker (1916-1939), born in Guildford, Surrey, England, British Petty Officer Stoker with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [35]
Prince of Wales colliery
  • Mr. Charles Baker (b. 1848), Welsh coal miner who was working at the Prince of Wales Colliery in Abercarn, Wales on the 11th September 1878 when there was a coal mine explosion; he died [36]
RMS Lusitania
  • Miss Eva Baker, American 2nd Class passenger from New York, New York, USA, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [37]
  • Miss Amelia Millie Anne Baker, American 1st Class Passenger from New York, New York, USA, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [37]
  • Mr. James Baker, English 1st Class Passenger from Liverpool, England, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [37]
Senghenydd colliery
  • Mr. Charles Baker (b. 1899), Welsh coal miner from Senghenydd, Caerphilly, Wales who was working at the Senghenydd colliery when there was an explosion on the 14th October 1913; he died
  • Mr. Charles Baker (b. 1871), Welsh coal miner from Senghenydd, Caerphilly, Wales who was working at the Senghenydd colliery when there was an explosion on the 14th October 1913; he died
  • Mr. Samuel Baker (b. 1882), Welsh coal miner from Senghenydd, Caerphilly, Wales who was working at the Senghenydd colliery when there was an explosion on the 14th October 1913; he died
USS Arizona
  • Mr. John M. Baker, American Sergeant working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he survived the sinking [38]
  • Mr. Robert Dewey Baker, American Chief Machinist's Mate from California, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [38]


Suggested Readings for the name Baker +

  • A Baker Family Genealogy: Pioneers of North Carolina, Kentucky, Indiana, Missouri and Iowa by Ralph D. Shipp.
  • The Baker Family of Westbrookville, New York by Howard E. Case.

  1. ^ Arthur, William , An Etymological Dictionary of Family and Christian Names. London: 1857. Print
  2. ^ Lower, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  3. ^ Harrison, Henry, Surnames of the United Kingdom: A Concise Etymological Dictionary Baltimore: Geneological Publishing Company, 2013. Print
  4. ^ Guppy, Henry Brougham, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain. 1890. Print.
  5. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  6. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  7. ^ Dickinson, F.H., Kirby's Quest for Somerset of 16th of Edward the 3rd London: Harrison and Sons, Printers in Ordinary to Her Majesty, St, Martin's Lane, 1889. Print.
  8. ^ https://namecensus.com/most_common_surnames.htm
  9. ^ https://forebears.io/surnames/
  10. ^ The order of Common Surnames in 1955 in Newfoundland retrieved on 20th October 2021 (retrieved from Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland by E.R. Seary corrected edition ISBN 0-7735-1782-0)
  11. ^ https://forebears.io/australia/surnames
  12. ^ https://forebears.io/new-zealand/surnames
  13. ^ https://www.surnamemap.eu/unitedkingdom/surnames_ranking.php?p=10
  14. ^ https://forebears.io/south-africa/surnames
  15. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  16. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retreived 3rd May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_ellis_island_1892_on.pdf
  17. ^ Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0
  18. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 30th October 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/Britannia
  19. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 13th August 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/earl-cornwallis
  20. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 22nd March 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/coromandel-and-experiment
  21. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 3rd November 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/Emu
  22. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 8th September 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/earl-spencer
  23. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  24. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_West_Indies
  25. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, October 6) Walter Baker. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Baker/Walter_Campbell/USA.html
  26. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, October 6) Frayne Baker. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Baker/Frayne/USA.html
  27. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  28. ^ California Digital Newspaper from 21st March 1905 (retrieved on 5th August 2021.) Retrieved from https://cdnc.ucr.edu/?a=d&d=SFC19050321.2.19&e=-------en--20--1--txt-txIN--------1
  29. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  30. ^ HMAS Sydney II, Finding Sydney Foundation - Roll of Honour. (Retrieved 2014, April 24) . Retrieved from http://www.findingsydney.com/roll.asp
  31. ^ Force Z Survivors Crew List HMS Cornwall (Retrieved 2018, February 13th) - Retrieved from https://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listcornwallcrew.html#A
  32. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  33. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  34. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  35. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  36. ^ Entombed in flood and flame (retrieved 3rd August 2021). Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20120603025705/http://www.crosskeys.me.uk/history/prince.htm
  37. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  38. ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html


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