The illustrious surname Aynes finds its origin in the rocky, sea swept coastal area of southwestern England
known as Cornwall
. Although surnames were fairly widespread in medieval England
, people were originally known only by a single name. The process by which hereditary surnames
were adopted is extremely interesting. As populations grew, people began to assume an extra name to avoid confusion and to further identify themselves. Under the Feudal
System of government, surnames evolved and they often reflected life on the manor and in the field. Lords and their tenants often became known by the name of the feudal
territory they owned or lived on. Unlike most Celtic peoples, who favored patronymic
names, the Cornish predominantly used local
surnames. This was due to the heavy political and cultural influence of the English upon the Cornish People
at the time that surnames first came into use. Local
surnames were derived from where a person lived, held land, or was born. While many Cornish surnames of this sort appear to be topographic surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees, many are actually habitation surnames derived from lost or unrecorded place names. The name Aynes is a local type of surname and the Aynes family lived in Cornwall
, at the village of Ennis.
The place-name is Gaelic in origin, and derives from an Anglicization of the personal name Angus.
Early Origins of the Aynes family
The surname Aynes was first found in Cornwall
where they held a family seat
from very ancient times, some say well before the Norman Conquest
and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D.
Early History of the Aynes family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Aynes research.Another 247 words (18 lines of text) covering the years 1312, 1620, 1651, 1611, 1697, 1660 and are included under the topic Early Aynes History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Aynes Spelling Variations
Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England
, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations
often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall
and the rest of England
. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic
language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Ennis, Ennys, Enys, Eynes and others.
Early Notables of the Aynes family (pre 1700)
Another 22 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Aynes Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Aynes family to Ireland
Some of the Aynes family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 226 words (16 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Aynes family to the New World and Oceana
An investigation of the immigration and passenger lists has revealed a number of people bearing the name Aynes: James Ennis made his home in Virginia in 1650. Alexander Ennis purchased land outside of Boston and with his family settled there in 1651. Timothy Ennys made the earliest crossing when he landed in Barbados in 1635. Later members of the Ennis name were to enter New York State and Massachusetts by the early 1800's..
The Aynes Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Virtute et valore
Motto Translation: By virtue and valour.