Show ContentsAylmer History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

When the Strongbownians arrived in Ireland, they encountered an established an Irish system for creating hereditary surnames. However, like the Irish, the Anglo-Norman Strongbownians frequently had patronymic surnames, a form of surname that was formed from the name of the bearer's father, or another older relative. Therefore, since the Strongbownians' system was in many ways built on the same principles as the Irish, the two systems eventually attained a sort of merger. Therefore, since the Strongbownians' names often had Norman names which were French, diminutive suffixes, such as -ot, -et, -un, -in, or -el were added to the name of the bearer's father, or older relative. Another Norman way of creating a patronymic name was to use the prefix Fitz-, which was derived from the French word fils, and ultimately from the Latin filius, both of which mean son. The surname Aylmer is derived from the Anglo-Saxon personal name Ædelmær, which literally means "noble, famous." The Gaelic form of the surname Aylmer is Aighlmear.

Early Origins of the Aylmer family

The surname Aylmer was first found in Essex, where they were tenants in chief and Lords of the manor of Aylmer.

"This family trace their name and descent from Ailmer or Athelmare, Earl of Cornwall, in the time of King Ethelred. Allmor, in Welsh, signifies a valley or dale." [1]

"This Anglo-Saxon name came to Ireland after the Norman invasion and, settling in Leinster, families so called became hibernicized." [2]

Early History of the Aylmer family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Aylmer research. Another 82 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1172, 1650, 1720 and 1678 are included under the topic Early Aylmer History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Aylmer Spelling Variations

Medieval scribes and church officials spelled the names as they sounded, so a name was often spelled many different ways during the lifetime of a single person. The investigation of the origin of the name Aylmer revealed many spelling variations including Ailmer, Aylmer, Elmer, Elmore, Ellmore, Ellmer and others.

Early Notables of the Aylmer family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the family up to this time was Matthew Aylmer (c.1650-1720), Lord Aylmer, Admiral and Commander-in-Chief, the second son of Sir Christopher Aylmer of Balrath, County Meath. "He entered the navy under the protection of the Duke of Buckingham, as...
Another 41 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Aylmer Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

United States Aylmer migration to the United States +

During the middle of the 19th century, Irish families often experienced extreme poverty and racial discrimination in their own homeland under English rule. Record numbers died of disease and starvation and many others, deciding against such a fate, boarded ships bound for North America. The largest influx of Irish settlers occurred with Great Potato Famine of the late 1840s. Unfortunately, many of those Irish that arrived in Canada or the United States still experienced economic and racial discrimination. Although often maligned, these Irish people were essential to the rapid development of these countries because they provided the cheap labor required for the many canals, roads, railways, and other projects required for strong national infrastructures. Eventually the Irish went on to make contributions in the less backbreaking and more intellectual arenas of commerce, education, and the arts. Research early immigration and passenger lists revealed many early immigrants bearing the name Aylmer:

Aylmer Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Caroline Aylmer, aged 55, originally from Macclesfield, who arrived in New York in 1892 aboard the ship "Teutonic" from Liverpool, England [3]
  • Mary Aylmer, aged 14, who arrived in New York City in 1893 aboard the ship "Germanic" from Queenstown, Ireland [3]
Aylmer Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Arthur Lovell Aylmer, aged 44, who arrived in New York in 1919 aboard the ship "Noordam" from Plymouth [3]
  • James Aylmer, aged 29, who arrived in New York in 1921 from Port Lobos, Mexico [3]

Australia Aylmer migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Aylmer Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. John Aylmer, (Elmer), British convict who was convicted in Kent, England for life, transported aboard the "Calcutta" in February 1803, arriving in New South Wales, Australia, the settlement was listed as abandoned and most of the convicts transported to Tasmania on the "Queen" in 1804 [4]

Contemporary Notables of the name Aylmer (post 1700) +

  • Jennifer Aylmer (b. 1972), American operatic soprano
  • Albert Leroy Aylmer (1885-1970), American politician, Mayor of Compton, California, 1936-40 [5]
  • Anthony Julian Aylmer (b. 1951), 14th Baron Aylmer, Irish nobleman
  • Richard Grenfell Aylmer (1932-2023), British cross-country skier from Devonport, Plymouth who competed in the men's 50 kilometre event at the 1956 Winter Olympics
  • Matthew Whitworth Aylmer (1775-1850), 5th Baron Aylmer, a British military officer and colonial administrator, Governor General of British North America and Lieutenant Governor of Lower Canada
  • Captain Fenton John Aylmer (1835-1862), English military officer, father of Sir Fenton Alylmer
  • Sir Felix Edward Aylmer OBE (1889-1979), English stage and film actor who appeared in over 167 titles, but best known for his comedic roles
  • Sir Fenton John Aylmer (1862-1935), 13th Baronet, English recipient of the Victoria Cross
  • Sir Ronald Aylmer Fisher (1890-1962), English statistician, evolutionary biologist, eugenicist and geneticist awarded the Darwin Medal in 1948
  • Lieutenant-General Sir Aylmer Gould Hunter- Weston (1864-1940), British general and politician

  1. Arthur, William , An Etymological Dictionary of Family and Christian Names. London: 1857. Print
  2. MacLysaght, Edward, More Irish Families. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 1982. Print. (ISBN 0-7165-0126-0)
  3. Ellis Island Search retrieved 15th November 2022. Retrieved from
  4. Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 25th November 2020). Retrieved from
  5. The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, November 18) . Retrieved from on Facebook