Austin History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The Austin family name is derived from the given name Austin, which was the vernacular form of the Latin name "Augustus", meaning "majestic." As a personal name, Augustine was popular due to St. Augustine of Hippo (354-430) who had a great influence on early Christianity, as well as St Augustine of Canterbury, first Archbishop of Canterbury, who founded the oldest see in England, in 597.

Early Origins of the Austin family

The surname Austin was first found in Bedfordshire (Old English: Bedanfordscir), located in Southeast-central England, formerly part of the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Mercia where they held a family seat from ancient times.

"A whole column of Austin appears in the London Directory. The name was made common by the Austin Friars, or Black Canons, as they were often styled from their black cloaks, who were established early in the 12th century in England, and possessed of about 170 houses." [1]

"It is confined for the most part to the central and eastern counties of the south of England; and does not extend in any frequency north of Derbyshire or west of Dorset. The counties of Kent and Oxford contain the greatest numbers of Austins. In the thirteenth century it was a common name in Cambridgeshire." [2]

Important Dates for the Austin family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Austin research. Another 156 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 1273, 1379, 1538, 1613, 1669, 1629, 1683, 1676, 1580, 1666, 1660, 1661, 1642, 1696, 1666, 1681, 1641, 1699, 1667, 1679, 1664, 1706, 1699, 1701, 1697, 1743, 1728, 1734, 1650 and 1750 are included under the topic Early Austin History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Austin Spelling Variations

Until quite recently, the English language has lacked a definite system of spelling rules. Consequently, Anglo-Saxon surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. Changes in Anglo-Saxon names were influenced by the evolution of the English language, as it incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other languages. Although Medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, so it is common to find one person referred to by several different spellings of his surname, even the most literate people varied the spelling of their own names. Variations of the name Austin include Austin, Austins, Austen, Austeane, Ostian, Ousteane, Owstyne, Ostiane and many more.

Early Notables of the Austin family (pre 1700)

Distinguished members of the family include John Austin or Austen (1613-1669), an English lawyer and controversial writer from Walpole, Suffolk; Katherine Austen (1629-ca.1683), English diarist and poet best known for Book M; Ralph Austen (died 1676), an English writer on gardening; Sir Robert Austen, 1st Baronet (c. 1580-1666) of Hall Place, Bexley, Kent, High Sheriff...
Another 55 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Austin Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Austin family to Ireland

Some of the Austin family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 37 words (3 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Austin migration to the United States

Searching for a better life, many English families migrated to British colonies. Unfortunately, the majority of them traveled under extremely harsh conditions: overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the ocean. For those families that arrived safely, modest prosperity was attainable, and many went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the new colonies. Research into the origins of individual families in North America revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Austin or a variant listed above:

Austin Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Edward Austin, who landed in Virginia in 1635 [3]
  • Jo Austin, aged 24, who landed in Virginia in 1635 [3]
  • Francis Austin, who landed in Dedham, Massachusetts in 1638 [3]
  • Geo Austin, who landed in Virginia in 1643 [3]
  • Georg Austin, who arrived in Virginia in 1643 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Austin Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • George Austin, who arrived in Charleston, South Carolina in 1734 [3]
  • Hugh Williams Austin, who landed in Barbados in 1779 [3]
  • Adam Austin, who arrived in Charles Town, South Carolina in 1782 [3]
  • David Austin, an early saddle-bag preacher who was ordained in the Presbytery of New York in 1788
  • J Austin, who landed in Mississippi in 1798 [3]
Austin Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • John Austin, the great grandfather of Rutherford Hayes, known as the "Forgotten President of the U.S.A."
  • Charles Austin, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1825 [3]
  • B C Austin, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850 [3]
  • C G Austin, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850 [3]
  • E T Austin, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1850 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Austin migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Austin Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Catherine Austin, who arrived in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Mr. Caleb Austin, U.E., United Empire Loyalist, who settled in Carleton, Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1783 [4]
  • Mr. Chris Austin, Jr., U.E., United Empire Loyalist, who settled in Eastern District, Upper Canada c. 1783 he was widowed before settling [4]
  • Mr. James Austin, U.E., United Empire Loyalist, who arrived at Port Roseway [Shelburne], Nova Scotia on December 13, 1783 was passenger number 352 on board the "HMS Clinton", picked up on November 14, 1783 at East River New York [4]
  • Mr. Joel Austin, U.E., United Empire Loyalist, who settled in Home District, South Central Ontario c. 1783 [4]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Austin Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Isaac Austin, who arrived in Canada in 1828
  • James Austin, aged 30, a shoemaker, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the ship "Elizabeth" from Galway, Ireland
  • Jane Austin, aged 25, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the ship "Elizabeth" from Galway, Ireland
  • Benjamin Austin, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1837
  • Hiram Austin, who arrived in Canada in 1841
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Austin migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Austin Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Thomas Austin, English convict from Norfolk, who was transported aboard the "Ann" on August 1809, settling in New South Wales, Australia [5]
  • George Austin, a sawyer, who arrived in New South Wales, Australia sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • William Austin, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Andromeda" on November 13, 1832, settling in New South Wales, Australia [6]
  • Joseph Austin, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Thomas Harrison" in 1839 [7]
  • Mary Ann Esther Austin, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Thomas Harrison" in 1839 [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Austin migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Austin Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Robert Austin, aged 39, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Jane Gifford" in 1842
  • Ann Austin, aged 33, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Jane Gifford" in 1842
  • Elizabeth Austin, aged 13, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Jane Gifford" in 1842
  • Robert Austin, aged 11, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Jane Gifford" in 1842
  • John Austin, aged 17, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Jane Gifford" in 1842
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Austin (post 1700)

  • Gary Austin (1941-2017), born Gary Moore, an American improvisational theatre teacher, writer, and director
  • Tracy Ann Austin (b. 1962), American former World No. 1 female professional tennis player
  • Gene Austin (1900-1972), American singer and songwriter
  • Charles Austin (b. 1967), American Gold Medal winning high jumper
  • Herbert Austin (1866-1941), 1st Baron Austin, English English automobile designer and builder who founded the Austin Motor Company
  • Robert Sargent Austin (1895-1973), English etcher
  • Lieutenant General Lloyd James Austin III (b. 1953), United States Army officer
  • Alfred Austin (1835-1913), English poet
  • Mr. Nicholas Austin B.E.M.,, British recipient of the British Empire Medal for political service [8]
  • Peter Austin (1921-2014), British brewer, founder of Ringwood Brewery, New Forest, Hampshire
  • ... (Another 5 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Austin family

Halifax Explosion
  • Mrs. Margaret M  Austin (1861-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [9]
HMS Dorsetshire
  • Joseph Austin (d. 1945), British Warrant Officer Gunner aboard the HMS Dorsetshire when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he died in the sinking [10]
HMS Hood
  • Mr. Albert G L Austin (b. 1906), English Able Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Portsmouth, Hampshire, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [11]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. John Sydney Austin, Australian Midshipman from Australia, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [12]
USS Arizona
  • Mr. Laverne Alfred Austin, American Seaman First Class from New York, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [13]

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Citations

  1. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  2. ^ Guppy, Henry Brougham, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain. 1890. Print.
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  5. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Ann voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1809 with 200 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/ann/1809
  6. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 27) Andromeda voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1832 with 186 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/andromeda/1832
  7. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) THOMAS HARRISON 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839ThomasHarrison.htm
  8. ^ "Birthday and New Year Honours Lists (1940 to 2019)." Issue 62507, 28 December 2018 | London Gazette, The Gazette, Dec. 2018, www.thegazette.co.uk/honours-lists
  9. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  10. ^ Force Z Survivors HMS Dorsetshire Crew List, (Retrieved 2018, February 13th), https://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listdorsetshirecrew.html
  11. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  12. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  13. ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html
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