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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016


The present generation of the Audley family is only the most recent to bear a name that dates back to the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture of Britain. Their name comes from having lived in the village of Audley in Staffordshire.

Audley Early Origins



The surname Audley was first found in Staffordshire, where they the name dates back to the Roll of Battel Abbey which lists the name Audeley whose family originated at "Verdon, whose chief seat was at Alton Castle, in the northern part of Staffordshire. In the immediately succeeding reigns few families held a more conspicuous place in history, but its most distinguished member was the renowned James de Audley, Lord Audley, the hero of Poictiers." [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Burke, John Bernard, The Roll of Battle Abbey. London: Edward Churton, 26, Holles Street, 1848, Print.

"[Audley, Staffordshire] was originally given by Hervey de Stafford to the barons of Aldeleigh, or Audley, who erected the baronial residence of Heyley Castle, commanding an extensive range of the surrounding country." [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.

One of the earliest records of the family was Henry de Audley (1175-1246), the English royalist Baron, son of Adam de Alditheley, who held Alditheley, Staffordshire from the Verdons in 1186. He was Sheriff of Shropshire and Staffordshire 1227 and 1229. His son was James de Audley (1220-1272), another English Baron. Nicholas Audley, 1st Baron Audley of Heighley Castle, Staffordshire (1289-1316), was an English peer. His only surviving son was Nicholas Audley, 3rd Baron Audley (c.1328- 1391), born in Heighley Castle, Staffordshire, he was later known as Lord of Rougemont. Through marriage he was granted the Lordship of the Isle of Man in 1310 and his descendants would later become King of Mann.

Sir James Audley (or Audeley) KG ( c. 1318-1369) was one of the founders of the Order of the Garter. He was the eldest son of Sir James Audley of Stratton Audley in Oxfordshire.

All of the above claim a common heritage from the aforementioned Henry de Audley (died 1246) as all share a similar Coats of Arms but with variations to depict their distinctive branch.


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Audley Spelling Variations


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Audley Spelling Variations



Until the dictionary, an invention of only the last few hundred years, the English language lacked any comprehensive system of spelling rules. Consequently, spelling variations in names are frequently found in early Anglo-Saxon and later Anglo-Norman documents. One person's name was often spelled several different ways over a lifetime. The recorded variations of Audley include Audeley, Audley, Audeleye, Awdelye, Audeleygh, Aldeoalega, Audsley, Audless and many more.

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Audley Early History


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Audley Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Audley research. Another 557 words (40 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1185, 1289, 1312, 1316, 1316, 1369, 1377, 1488, 1544, 1533, 1544, 1662, 1674, 1780, 1577, 1662, 1488, 1544, 1523, 1529, 1535, 1536 and 1620 are included under the topic Early Audley History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Audley Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Audley Early Notables (pre 1700)



Distinguished members of the family include Hugh Audley (1577-1662), also known as The Great Audley, an English moneylender, lawyer and philosopher; and Thomas Audley (1488-1544), a Baron seated at Walden in Essex, who became Lord Chancellor of England. He entered Parliament in 1523 and was Speaker of the House of Commons...

Another 64 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Audley Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Audley In Ireland


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Audley In Ireland



Some of the Audley family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 125 words (9 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



Thousands of English families boarded ships sailing to the New World in the hope of escaping the unrest found in England at this time. Although the search for opportunity and freedom from persecution abroad took the lives of many because of the cramped conditions and unsanitary nature of the vessels, the opportunity perceived in the growing colonies of North America beckoned. Many of the settlers who survived the journey went on to make important contributions to the transplanted cultures of their adopted countries. The Audley were among these contributors, for they have been located in early North American records:

Audley Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • John Audley, who sailed to Salem, Massachusetts in 1630
  • John Audley, who landed in Boston, Massachusetts in 1632
  • William Audley went to Barbados in 1635
  • William Audley, aged 18, arrived in Barbados in 1635
  • Teg Audley, who landed in Virginia in 1639
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

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Contemporary Notables of the name Audley (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Audley (post 1700)



  • Michael Audley (1913-1995), American film director and dialogue advisor
  • Eleanor Audley (1905-1991), born Eleanor Zellman, an American actress, known for her many roles including the CBS sitcom Green Acres (1965-1969), and the voices of Lady Tremaine in Cinderella (1950); and Maleficent from Sleeping Beauty (1959)
  • Maxine Audley (1923-1992), English theatre and film actress
  • Tom Audley (b. 1986), English rugby union player for London Welsh in National Division One
  • Gordon Audley (1928-2012), Canadian bronze medalist speed skater at the 1952 Winter Olympics, inducted into the Manitoba Sports Hall of Fame and Museum in 1988
  • Anselm Audley (b. 1982), British fantasy writer

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Audley Family Crest Products


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Audley Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



  1. ^ Burke, John Bernard, The Roll of Battle Abbey. London: Edward Churton, 26, Holles Street, 1848, Print.
  2. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.

Other References

  1. Humble, Richard. The Fall of Saxon England. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-88029-987-8).
  2. Thirsk, Joan. The Agrarian History of England and Wales. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 7 Volumes. Print.
  3. Bullock, L.G. Historical Map of England and Wales. Edinburgh: Bartholomew and Son, 1971. Print.
  4. Cook, Chris. English Historical Facts 1603-1688. London: MacMillan, 1980. Print.
  5. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
  6. Burke, John Bernard Ed. The Roll of Battle Abbey. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  7. Ingram, Rev. James. Translator Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1823. Print.
  8. Hitching, F.K and S. Hitching. References to English Surnames in 1601-1602. Walton On Thames: 1910. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0181-3).
  9. Lennard, Reginald. Rural England 1086-1135 A Study of Social and Agrarian Conditions. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959. Print.
  10. Shirley, Evelyn Philip. Noble and Gentle Men of England Or Notes Touching The Arms and Descendants of the Ancient Knightley and Gentle Houses of England Arranged in their Respective Counties 3rd Edition. Westminster: John Bowyer Nichols and Sons, 1866. Print.
  11. ...

The Audley Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Audley Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 14 July 2016 at 08:43.

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