Atherdend History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
- Origins Available:
Atherdend is a name whose history is connected to the ancient Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. The name is derived from when the Atherdend family once lived in Atherton in the county of Lancashire.
The Adderson, Hetherston, Hetherston and other phonetic variants are thought to have originated in Adderstone, Northumberland, a township, in the parish of Bambrough, union of Belford.  This township has gone through many spellings through the ages including: 1233 Edredeston; 1234 Edreston; 1242 Hethereston; 1288 Edderston; 1346 Hetherston, 1428 Ederston and many more. Interesting, this is where the Scottish branch of the family hails. "John de Etherstone of Roxburghshire rendered homage in 1296 [to King Edward I of England] most probably derived his surname from Adderstone (in 1242 Hethereston, 1663 Etherston), near Bamburgh, Northumberland." 
Early Origins of the Atherdend family
The surname Atherdend was first found in Lancashire at Atherton, a chapelry, in the parish and union of Leigh, hundred of West Derby or the aforementioned Adderstone, Northumberland. 
Atherton "was held of the barons of Warrington by Robert de Atherton, in the reign of John; and in this knightly family the manor descended through many generations, successively allied to the Byrons, Warrens, Ashtons, Butlers, Catterals, Conyers, Irelands, and Bolds: by the marriage of the late Lord Lilford with the heiress of Atherton, the manor came to his lordship's family.
Atherton Hall, a superb edifice, built by the Atherton family in the early part of the 18th century, at an expense of about £63,000, was taken down in 1825." 
Atterton, is a small hamlet, in the parish of Witherley, union of Atherstone, hundred of Sparkenhoe, in Leicestershire. 
Other first records of the name include Robert de Atherton who was Sheriff of Lancashire in the year 1206. His son William de Atherton held a manor at Atherton of the Barons of Warington. Years later, Hugh de Atherton was listed in the Subsidy Rolls of that shire in 1332. 
Henry de Athertone was listed in the Subsidy Rolls of Lancashire in 1332 and later, William de Atherton was listed there in 1384. Over in Cheshire, Humphrey Addertone alias Athurton was listed in 1470. 
Early History of the Atherdend family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Atherdend research. Another 88 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1598, 1640, 1640, 1598, 1635, 1634, 1636, 1640, 1640, 1721, 1628, 1671 and 1671 are included under the topic Early Atherdend History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Atherdend Spelling Variations
Sound was what guided spelling in the essentially pre-literate Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Also, before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Therefore, spelling variations were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Atherdend family name include Atherton, Atheron, Hetherston, Adderstone and many more.
Early Notables of the Atherdend family (pre 1700)
Distinguished members of the family include John Atherton (1598-1640), English-born Anglican Bishop of Waterford and Lismore in the Church of Ireland. He and his steward and tithe proctor John Childe were both tried and executed for buggery in 1640. He "is believed to have been born at Bawdripp, in Somersetshire, in 1598, where his father. Reverend John Atherton (a canon of St. Paul's), was rector of the parish. In 1635 he became chancellor of Christ Church, and held also the rectories of Killaban and Ballintubride, in the diocese of Leighlin. He was chancellor of Killaloe in 1634. His highest promotion was...
Another 165 words (12 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Atherdend Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Atherdend family
For political, religious, and economic reasons, thousands of English families boarded ships for Ireland, Canada, the America colonies, and many of smaller tropical colonies in the hope of finding better lives abroad. Although the passage on the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving, those families that survived the trip often went on to make valuable contributions to those new societies to which they arrived. Early immigrants bearing the Atherdend surname or a spelling variation of the name include: Humphrey Atherton of Preston Lancashire who settled in 1638 in Cambridge, Massachusetts and joined the army and eventually became a Major General. James Atherton settled in New England in 1620. Peter Atheron settled in Virginia in 1663..
- Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
- Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
- Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
- Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)