Ash History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The name Ash was carried to England in the enormous movement of people that followed the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Ash family lived in close proximity to an ash tree. As such, the name has local references to towns called Ash in Derbyshire, Surrey, Hampshire, and many other places.

Early Origins of the Ash family

The surname Ash was first found in the county of Devon in southern England. The first person to settle in the locality was D'Esse Court, a companion of King William, Duke of Normandy who landed in England in 1066 A.D. and was granted lands by his liege lord in the vicinity of Exeter, Devon.

Alternatively the family could have originated in Esh or Ash, a chapelry, in the parish and union of Lanchester in Durham. "The manor gave name, at a very early period, to a family of considerable local consequence, who held the estate, with little interruption, from the middle of the 13th century till the time of Henry VIII." [1]

The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 list the following: John de le Es, in Norfolk; Roger de le Es, also in Norfolk; Agnes Ate Nasse in Oxfordshire; and Henry de Asse in Warwickshire. [2]

The reference "History of Norfolk" list Joan atte-Eshe in 1345, Roger atte-Ashe, temp. Edward II and John at-Ash, of Bintre, Norfolk in 1349. [3]

The Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 had only one listing of the family, Robertus del Asch. [2]

Another source notes: "We find the Atten-Ashe of the XIV. cent. contracted into Nashe soon after." [4]

Important Dates for the Ash family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Ash research. Another 108 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1326, 1597, 1658, 1640, 1656, 1609, 1656, 1640, 1652, 1618, 1686, 1670, 1681, 1671, 1735, 1636, 1658, 1718, 1695, 1697, 1717 and are included under the topic Early Ash History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ash Spelling Variations

Endless spelling variations are a prevailing characteristic of Norman surnames. Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules, and the introduction of Norman French added an unfamiliar ingredient to the English linguistic stew. French and Latin, the languages of the court, also influenced spellings. Finally, Medieval scribes generally spelled words according to how they sounded, so one person was often referred to by different spellings in different documents. The name has been spelled Esse, Ash, Ashe, Aschey and others.

Early Notables of the Ash family (pre 1700)

Outstanding amongst the family at this time was John Ashe (1597-1658), an English clothier and politician for Westbury and later for Somerset at various times between 1640 and 1656, upon his death he left a landed estate valued at £6000 a year; Edward Ashe (ca.1609-1656), brother of...
Another 47 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Ash Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Ash family to Ireland

Some of the Ash family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 132 words (9 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ash migration to the United States

To escape the political and religious persecution within England at the time, many English families left for the various British colonies abroad. The voyage was extremely difficult, though, and the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving. But for those who made it, the trip was most often worth it. Many of the families who arrived went on to make valuable contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families reveals a number of immigrants bearing the name Ash or a variant listed above:

Ash Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Christo Ash, who arrived in Virginia in 1622 [5]
  • Christopher Ash who settled in Virginia in 1623, with his wife and child
  • Edward Ash, who settled in Barbados in 1630
  • Edward Ash, aged 20, who arrived in St Christopher in 1634 [5]
  • Richard Ash, aged 24, who arrived in Barbados in 1635 [5]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Ash Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Mr. Ash, who landed in South Carolina in 1700 [5]
  • John Ash, who landed in Virginia in 1705 [5]
  • Thomas Ash, who landed in Virginia in 1724 [5]
  • Elizabeth Ash, who landed in Georgia in 1733 [5]
  • Daniel Heinrich Ash, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1741 [5]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Ash Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Finlay Ash, aged 21, who landed in New York in 1812 [5]
  • Cath Ash, who landed in New York, NY in 1816 [5]
  • Thomas Ash, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1832 [5]
  • Joseph N Ash, who landed in New York, NY in 1842 [5]
  • Ellen Ash, who arrived in New York in 1846 [5]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Ash migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Ash Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Patrick Ash, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1813
  • John Ash, aged 30, a labourer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1837 aboard the barque "Robert Watt" from Cork, Ireland
  • Catherine Ash, aged 25, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1837 aboard the barque "Robert Watt" from Cork, Ireland
  • Mrs. Charlotte Ash, (b. 1833), aged 22, Cornish settler departing from Falmouth destined for Quebec, Canada aboard the ship "Barque John" on 3rd May 1855 which sank after striking the reef, she died in the sinking [6]
  • Mr. W. H. Ash, (b. 1854), aged 1, Cornish settler departing from Falmouth destined for Quebec, Canada aboard the ship "Barque John" on 3rd May 1855 which sank after striking the reef, he died in the sinking [6]

Ash migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Ash Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Henry Ash, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Glen Huntley" in 1849 [7]
  • William Ash, aged 38, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Lysander" in 1851 [8]
  • Anne Ash, aged 36, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Lysander" in 1851 [8]
  • Eliza Ash, aged 17, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Lysander" in 1851 [8]
  • William Henry Ash, aged 12, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Lysander" in 1851 [8]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Ash migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Ash Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Henry Ash, aged 33, a blacksmith, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Oliver Lang" in 1856
  • Priscilla Ash, aged 35, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Oliver Lang" in 1856
  • Martha Ash, aged 11, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Oliver Lang" in 1856
  • Christina Ash, aged 22, a servant, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Agnes Muir" in 1872
  • Richard Ash, aged 35, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "City of Auckland" in 1872
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Ash (post 1700)

  • William Franklin Ash MBE (1917-2014), American-born, British writer and pilot with the Royal Canadian Air Force in World War II
  • Erica Ash, American actress, comedienne, singer and model
  • Mary Kay Ash (1918-2001), American businesswoman and founder of Mary Kay Cosmetics
  • Brian Ash (b. 1974), American producer and screenwriter
  • F. Guy Ash, American Democrat politician, Member of West Virginia State House of Delegates from Monongalia County, 1923-24; Member of West Virginia Democratic State Executive Committee, 1937 [9]
  • Earl Ash, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Ohio, 1956 [9]
  • Earl Ash, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Ohio, 1916 [9]
  • Clyde W. Ash, American Republican politician, Candidate in primary for U.S. Representative from West Virginia 3rd District, 1938 [9]
  • Bruce Ash, American Republican politician, Member of Republican National Committee from Arizona, 2008; Delegate to Republican National Convention from Arizona, 2008; Presidential Elector for Arizona, 2008 [9]
  • Brooks Ash, American Democrat politician, Chair of Doddridge County Democratic Party, 1975 [9]
  • ... (Another 30 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Ash family

HMS Prince of Wales
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. William Noel Ash (b. 1921), British Paymaster Cadet, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [11]
  • Mr. C J L Ash, British Pay Lieutenant, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [11]

You May Also Like

Citations

  1. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  2. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  3. ^ Rye, Walter, A History of Norfolk London: Elliot Stock, 62, Paternoster Row, 1885. Print
  4. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  5. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  6. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 3rd May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/wreck_of_emigrant_ship_john_1855.pdf
  7. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The GLEN HUNTLEY 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849GlenHuntly.htm
  8. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) LYSANDER 1851. Retrieved http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1851Lysander.htm
  9. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 5) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  10. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  11. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
Shipping
Fastest Delivery Possible

Digital Products on Checkout, all other products filled in 1 business day

Money Back
Money Back Guarantee

Yes, all products 100% Guaranteed

Support
BBB A+ Rating

The Best Rating possible

Payment
Secure Online Payment

Entire site uses SSL / Secure Certificate