Origins Available: English
The Norman Conquest
in 1066 brought much change, including many immigrants with new names. Among these were the ancestors of the Artil family, whose name comes from the Dutch surname Van Arkel.
The name Van Arkel
may spring from the Anglo-Saxon
form of Hercules,
which is Ercol.
A less likely root of the name is the parish of Ercoll Magna,
or High Ercoll
Early Origins of the Artil family
The surname Artil was first found in Berwickshire
, in south east Scotland
, arriving in Scotland
soon after the Norman Conquest
in 1066. They are the northern branch of the family name descended from Anketell, or Arnketill.
Early History of the Artil family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Artil research.Another 125 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 1150, 1500, 1533, 1588, 1572, 1626 and 1621 are included under the topic Early Artil History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Artil Spelling Variations
Norman surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. The frequent changes in surnames are largely due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England
, as well as the official court languages of Latin and French, also had pronounced influences on the spelling of surnames. Since medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings. The name has been spelled Arkell, Arkle, Arkill, Arcle, Argal, Argall, Arnkell, Artell, Artill, Arctall, Arktale, Arktell, Arktull, Arkgale and many more.
Early Notables of the Artil family (pre 1700)
Another 36 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Artil Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Artil family to the New World and Oceana
Many English families emigrated to North American colonies in order to escape the political chaos in Britain at this time. Unfortunately, many English families made the trip to the New World under extremely harsh conditions. Overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the stormy Atlantic. Despite these hardships, many of the families prospered and went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the United States and Canada. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Artil or a variant listed above: Sir Samuel Argal who settled in Virginia in 1624.