Arthur History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The Dalriadan clans of ancient Scotland spawned the ancestors of the Arthur family. Their name comes from the Celtic personal name Arthur, which is of various and often disputed etymology. The personal name Arthur may be derived from some early cognate of the Gaelic "art" and the Welsh "arth" which means "bear" and may indicate early Celtic worship of that animal or one who has a high regard for that animal's virtuous qualities.

Early Origins of the Arthur family

The surname Arthur was first found in the county of Berwickshire an ancient county of Scotland, presently part of the Scottish Borders Council Area, located in the eastern part of the Borders Region of Scotland, in south eastern Scotland where they have held a family seat from ancient times.

The Arthur family traced their descent from King Aedan Mac Gabrain, King of Dalriada, whose mother was a British Princess, and named his eldest son Arthur, and he was believed to be the first Gael to bear the name. The family name was recorded in the late 6th and early 7th century.

Important Dates for the Arthur family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Arthur research. Another 31 words (2 lines of text) covering the years 1532 and are included under the topic Early Arthur History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Arthur Spelling Variations

The medieval practice of spelling according to sound and repeated translation between Gaelic and English created many spelling variations of the same name. Arthur has been recorded as Archibure, Arthuwire, Artheor, Arthurs, Arture, Harthawr, Artair, Artuir and many more.

Early Notables of the Arthur family (pre 1700)

Another 27 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Arthur Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Arthur family to Ireland

Some of the Arthur family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 59 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Arthur migration to the United States

Descendents of Dalriadan-Scottish families still populate many communities across North America. They are particularly common in Canada, since many went north as United Empire Loyalists at the time of the American War of Independence. Much later, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the highland games and Clan societies that now dot North America sprang up, allowing many Scots to recover their lost national heritage. Some of the first immigrants to cross the Atlantic and come to North America bore the name Arthur, or a variant listed above:

Arthur Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Joseph Arthur who settled in Virginia in 1623
  • Mathew Arthur, aged 18, who landed in St Christopher in 1633 [1]
  • Georg Arthur, who landed in Virginia in 1637 [1]
  • Hugh Arthur, who arrived in Virginia in 1649 [1]
  • Eliz Arthur, who landed in Virginia in 1651 [1]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Arthur Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Robert Arthur, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1704 [1]
  • Dominick Arthur, who landed in South Carolina in 1708 [1]
  • Christr Arthur, who landed in South Carolina in 1724 [1]
  • Hannah Arthur, who arrived in America in 1760 [1]
  • Helen Arthur, aged 22, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1775 [1]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Arthur Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Samuel Arthur, who arrived in America in 1803 [1]
  • Robert Arthur, who landed in America in 1805 [1]
  • James Arthur, who landed in America in 1807 [1]
  • Alexander Arthur, who arrived in Philadelphia in 1808
  • William Arthur, who landed in New York, NY in 1817 [1]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Arthur migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Arthur Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • John Arthur, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Mrs Mary Arthur, U.E., "Aurthur", United Empire Loyalist, who arrived at Port Roseway [Shelburne], Nova Scotia on December 13, 1783 was passenger number 476 on board the ship "HMS Clinton", picked up on Novemer 14, 1783 at East River, New York [2]
  • Miss Mames Arthur, U.E., "Aurthur", United Empire Loyalist, (b. 1772), aged 11, who arrived at Port Roseway [Shelburne], Nova Scotia on December 13, 1783 was passenger number 580 on board the ship "HMS Clinton", picked up on November 14, 1783 at East River, New York mother Mary Arthur "Aurthur" [2]
  • Miss Eliz'th Arthur, U.E., "Aurthur", United Empire Loyalist, (b. 1770), aged 13, who arrived at Port Roseway [Shelburne], Nova Scotia on December 13, 1783 was passenger number 542 on board the ship "HMS Clinton", picked up on November 14, 1783 at East River, New York mother Mary Arthur "Aurthur" [2]
  • Master Sam'l Arthur, U.E., "Aurthur", United Empire Loyalist, (b. 1781), aged 2, who arrived at Port Roseway [Shelburne], Nova Scotia on December 13, 1783 was passenger number 36 on board the ship "HMS Clinton", picked up on November 14, 1783 at East River, New York mother Mary Arthur "Aurthur" [2]
Arthur Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Matthew Arthur, aged 59 who immigrated to Canada, arriving at the Grosse Isle Quarantine Station in Quebec aboard the ship "Aberdeen" departing from the port of Liverpool, England but died on Grosse Isle in June 1847 [3]
Arthur Settlers in Canada in the 20th Century
  • Mr. Frank Arthur, (b. 1882), aged 21, Cornish farmer, from Deloe, Cornwall travelling aboard the ship "Celtic" arriving at Ellis Island, New York on 24th April 1903 en route to Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada [4]
  • Mr. Joseph E Arthur, (b. 1875), aged 29, Cornish miner travelling aboard the ship "St Louis" arriving at Ellis Island, New York on 22nd May 1904 en route to Rossland, British Columbia, Canada [4]

Arthur migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Arthur Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • James Arthur, a plasterer, who arrived in New South Wales, Australia sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • Margaret Arthur, Scottish convict from Glasgow, who was transported aboard the "Amphitrite" on August 21, 1833, settling in New South Wales, Australia [5]
  • David Arthur, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Glenswilly" in 1839 [6]
  • Miss Jane Arthur, (b. 1820), aged 19, Cornish nursemaid travelling aboard the ship "Alfred" arriving in New South Wales, Australia on 16th January 1839 [7]
  • James Arthur, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Lalla Rookh" in 1840 [8]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Arthur migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Arthur Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • David Arthur, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1843
  • Mr. Richard Arthur, British settler travelling from Plymouth aboard the ship "Joseph Fletcher" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 19th March 1858 [9]
  • Mrs. Jane Arthur, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Evening Star" arriving in Dunedin, Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 14th October 1860 [9]
  • Miss Arthur, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Evening Star" arriving in Dunedin, Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 14th October 1860 [9]
  • Mr. Thomas Arthur, Scottish settler travelling from Glasgow aboard the ship "Robert Henderson" arriving in Bluff, Southland, South Island, New Zealand on 18th November 1863 [10]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Arthur (post 1700)

  • Jean Arthur (1900-1991), American actress and a major film star of the 1930s and 1940s and arguably the epitome of the female screwball comedy actress
  • Beatrice "Bea" Arthur (1922-2009), American actress, comedienne and singer whose career spanned seven decades
  • Admiral Stanley Arthur, American Vice Chief of Naval Operations from 1992-95 and won the Distinguished Flying Cross 11 times and the Navy Distinguished Service Medal 3 times among other decorations
  • President Chester Alan Arthur (1830-1886), 21st president of the United States
  • Harold John Arthur (1904-1971), American Republican politician, Major in the U.S. Army during World War II; Lieutenant Governor of Vermont, 1949-50; Governor of Vermont, 1950-51 [11]
  • George Kenneth Arthur (b. 1934), American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from New York, 1972 [11]
  • Elizabeth L. Arthur, American Democrat politician, Candidate for U.S. Representative from New York 31st District, 1918; Dry Candidate for Delegate to New York convention to ratify 21st amendment, 1933 [11]
  • Chester Alan Arthur (1829-1886), American Republican politician, Vice President of the United States, 1881; President of the United States, 1881-85; Candidate for Republican nomination for President, 1884 [11]
  • Charles Shirk Arthur Jr. (b. 1917), American Republican politician, Mayor of Manhattan, Kansas, 1956-57; Member of Kansas State House of Representatives, 1957-65; Member of Kansas State Senate, 1965-69 [11]
  • Charles H. Arthur, American politician, U.S. Consular Agent in Oaxaca, 1905 [11]
  • ... (Another 29 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Arthur family

Halifax Explosion
  • Mr. John  Arthur (1850-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who survived the explosion but later died due to injuries [12]
  • Mr. Henry  Arthur (1859-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [12]
HMS Cornwall
  • Matthew Erskine Arthur (d. 1942), British Stoker 1st Class aboard the HMS Cornwall when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he died in the sinking [13]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. William S Arthur, British Joiner 4th Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [14]
RMS Lusitania
  • Mr. George Henry Arthur, American 2nd Class passenger from Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking and was recovered [15]

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Citations

  1. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  2. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  3. ^ Charbonneau, André, and Doris Drolet-Dubé. A Register of Deceased Persons at Sea and on Grosse Île in 1847. The Minister of Canadian Heritage, 1997. ISBN: 0-660-198/1-1997E (p. 12)
  4. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retreived 3rd May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_ellis_island_1892_on.pdf
  5. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Amphitrite voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1833 with 99 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/amphitrite/1833
  6. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) GLENSWILLY 1839 (also called DAWSONS). Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839Glenswilly.htm
  7. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, May 30). Ships' Passenger Lists of Arrivals in New South Wales on (1828 - 1842, 1848 - 1849) [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_nsw_1838_on.pdf
  8. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) LALA ROOKH 1840. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1840LallaRookh.htm
  9. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  10. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  11. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 2) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  12. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  13. ^ Force Z Survivors Crew List HMS Cornwall (Retrieved 2018, February 13th) - Retrieved from https://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listcornwallcrew.html#A
  14. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  15. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
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