Arkle History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
The ancestors of the Arkle family first reached the shores of England in the wave of migration after the Norman Conquest of 1066. Their name is derived from the Dutch surname Van Arkel. The name Van Arkel may spring from the Anglo-Saxon form of Hercules, which is Ercol. A less likely root of the name is the parish of Ercoll Magna, or High Ercoll in Shropshire.
Early Origins of the Arkle family
The surname Arkle was first found in Norfolk, where the Saxon name Arnketel was found in 1019.  Archetel, Archel and Archil are all found in the Domesday Book of 1086. 
Later in Northumberland, Archil de Corebr was listed in the Pipe Rolls for 1159 and in 1256, Richard Arkill was listed in the Assize Rolls. The Hundredorum Rolls for Huntingdonshire include Roger Arketyl and in Yorkshire, the first entry for the family was as a forename: Arkell de Breddal in 1219. Later, William Harkill, Arkel was recorded in 1316 and 1331. John Arcle was a Freeman of York in 1455. 
In Berwickshire, Scotland, this northern branch of the family name descended from Anketell, or Arnketill. 
Early History of the Arkle family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Arkle research. Another 63 words (4 lines of text) covering the years 1150, 1500, 1533, 1588, 1572, 1626, 1609, 1610 and 1621 are included under the topic Early Arkle History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Arkle Spelling Variations
Norman surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are largely due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England, as well as the official court languages of Latin and French, also had pronounced influences on the spelling of surnames. Since medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings. The name has been spelled Arkell, Arkle, Arkill, Arcle, Argal, Argall, Arnkell, Artell, Artill, Arctall, Arktale, Arktell, Arktull, Arkgale and many more.
Early Notables of the Arkle family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Richard Argall (c.1533-1588) of East Sutton, Kent; and his son, Sir Samuel Argall (c. 1572-1626), an English adventurer, Naval officer and Deputy-Governor of Virginia. He was "descended from an old Kentish family who afterwards settled at Walthamstow in Essex. His first appearance in history is among the early adventurers to Virginia, where we find him in July 1609 in charge of a small barque lying at anchor off Jamestown, where he was sent to trade on behalf of a Mr, Cornells, and to fish for sturgeon. His next task, after his return home...
Another 120 words (9 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Arkle Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Arkle migration to Canada +
Many English families emigrated to North American colonies in order to escape the political chaos in Britain at this time. Unfortunately, many English families made the trip to the New World under extremely harsh conditions. Overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the stormy Atlantic. Despite these hardships, many of the families prospered and went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the United States and Canada. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Arkle or a variant listed above:
Arkle Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
- Henry Arkle, who was recorded in Elgin County, Ontario in 1872
Arkle migration to New Zealand +
Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:
Arkle Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- Ellen Arkle, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Andrew Jackson" in 1865
- John Arkle, aged 50, a shepherd, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Apelles" in 1878
- Margaret Arkle, aged 49, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Apelles" in 1878
- Sarah Arkle, aged 24, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Apelles" in 1878
- Jane Arkle, aged 21, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Apelles" in 1878
- ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Related Stories +
- ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
- ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
- ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)