The name Arctal arrived in England
after the Norman Conquest
of 1066. The name Arctal comes from the Dutch surname Van Arkel.
The name Van Arkel
may spring from the Anglo-Saxon
form of Hercules,
which is Ercol.
A less likely root of the name is the parish of Ercoll Magna,
or High Ercoll
Early Origins of the Arctal family
The surname Arctal was first found in Berwickshire
, in south east Scotland
, arriving in Scotland
soon after the Norman Conquest
in 1066. They are the northern branch of the family name descended from Anketell, or Arnketill.
Early History of the Arctal family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Arctal research.Another 125 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 1150, 1500, 1533, 1588, 1572, 1626 and 1621 are included under the topic Early Arctal History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Arctal Spelling Variations
Endless spelling variations
are a prevailing characteristic of Norman surnames. Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules, and the introduction of Norman French added an unfamiliar ingredient to the English linguistic stew. French and Latin, the languages of the court, also influenced spellings. Finally, Medieval scribes generally spelled words according to how they sounded, so one person was often referred to by different spellings in different documents. The name has been spelled Arkell, Arkle, Arkill, Arcle, Argal, Argall, Arnkell, Artell, Artill, Arctall, Arktale, Arktell, Arktull, Arkgale and many more.
Early Notables of the Arctal family (pre 1700)
Another 36 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Arctal Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Arctal family to the New World and Oceana
To escape the political and religious persecution within England
at the time, many English families left for the various British colonies abroad. The voyage was extremely difficult, though, and the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving. But for those who made it, the trip was most often worth it. Many of the families who arrived went on to make valuable contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families reveals a number of immigrants bearing the name Arctal or a variant listed above: Sir Samuel Argal who settled in Virginia in 1624.