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An excerpt from archives copyright 2000 - 2016

The ancestors of the Andress family were part of an ancient Scottish tribe called the Picts. The name Andress is derived from the baptismal name Andrew which in Greek means manly. The name was popular as both a personal name and a surname, likely because it was the name of Scotland's patron saint. In Gaelic the name is Aindrea and Anndra which again means manly.


The appearance of the printing press and the first dictionaries in the last few hundred years did much to standardize spelling. Prior to that time scribes spelled according to sound, a practice that resulted in many spelling variations. Andress has been spelled Andrew, Andrews, MacAndrew, Androw, Androe, Andro and many more.

First found in Caithness (Gaelic: Gallaibh), the northern tip of Scotland, a Norse/Viking controlled region from the 9th century, which became the Earldom of Caithness. This family was strongly associated with the Clan Ross. It was originally known as the Clan Siol Andrea, meaning the race of Andrew. However, from about the year 1100 the Andrews moved south to the Dumfriesshire area of southwest Scotland. Duncan Andrew, Chief of the Clan, rendered homage to King Edward I of England in 1296. [1] Some of the family were found further south in England, specifically at Shotley in Northumberland where "Shotley Hall is said to have been built by Dr. Andrews, physician to the first royal Duke of Cumberland." [2]


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Andress research. Another 171 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1395, 1463, 1600, 1958, 1600, 1661, 1660, 1661, 1659, 1649, 1650 and are included under the topic Early Andress History in all our PDF Extended History products.


Another 117 words (8 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Andress Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.


Some of the Andress family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 105 words (8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.


The expense of the crossing to the North American colonies seemed small beside the difficulties of remaining in Scotland. It was a long and hard trip, but at its end lay the reward of freedom. Some Scots remained faithful to England and called themselves United Empire Loyalists, while others fought in the American War of Independence. Much of this lost Scottish heritage has been recovered in the last century through Clan societies and other patriotic Scottish organizations. A search of immigration and passenger lists revealed many important, early immigrants to North America bearing the name of Andress:

Andress Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Robert Andress, who arrived in Massachusetts in 1635

Andress Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Wm Andress, who arrived in Virginia in 1714
  • Johan Adam Andress, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1732

Andress Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Carl Andress, who arrived in Texas in 1846

Andress Settlers in United States in the 20th Century

  • Eduard Andress, aged 23, who landed in America, in 1905
  • William Andress, who landed in America, in 1911
  • Mary Andress, aged 23, who settled in America, in 1912
  • Mary Lou Andress, aged 75, who landed in America, in 1913
  • Robert Andress, aged 32, who settled in America, in 1913


  • William J. "Bill" Andress (1924-2008), American professional baseball umpire
  • Stanford E. "Andy" Andress, American author and political candidate
  • Stanford E. Andress, American politician, Candidate for U.S. Representative from Colorado 7th District, 2002; Independent Candidate for President of the United States, 2004
  • Rob Andress, American Democrat politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Alabama, 1956
  • Charles Andress, American politician, Mayor of West Chester, Pennsylvania, 1965-69
  • John Andress (b. 1984), Irish rugby union player
  • Herb Andress (1935-2004), Austrian film and television actor
  • Ursula Andress (b. 1936), Swiss Golden Globe winning actress and a major sex symbol of the 1960s, best known for her role a Bond girl Honey Ryder in Dr. No


The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Victrix fortuna sapientia
Motto Translation: Wisdom is the conqueror of fortune.


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  1. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  2. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.

Other References

  1. Martine, Roddy, Roderick Martine and Don Pottinger. Scottish Clan and Family Names Their Arms, Origins and Tartans. Edinburgh: Mainstream, 1992. Print.
  2. Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
  3. Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard and David Faris. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 7th Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0806313676).
  4. Barrow, G.W.S Ed. The Charters of David I The Written Acts of David I King of Scots, 1124-53 and of His Son Henry, Earl of Northumerland, 1139-52. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 1999. Print.
  5. Moncrieffe, Sir Ian of That Ilk and David Hicks. The Highland Clans The Dynastic Origins, Cheifs and Background of the Clans. New York: C.N. Potter, 1968. Print.
  6. Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
  7. Scarlett, James D. Tartan The Highland Textile. London: Shepheard-Walwyn, 1990. Print. (ISBN 0-85683-120-4).
  8. Urquhart, Blair Edition. Tartans The New Compact Study Guide and Identifier. Secauccus, NJ: Chartwell Books, 1994. Print. (ISBN 0-7858-0050-6).
  9. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  10. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Galveston Texas 1896-1951. National Archives Washington DC. Print.
  11. ...

The Andress Family Crest was acquired from the archives. The Andress Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 11 February 2016 at 16:22.

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