Anderson History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

On the Scottish west coast, the Anderson family was born among the ancient Dalriadan clans. Their name comes from the given name Andrew. The given name Andrew is derived from the Greek name Andreas, which means man or manly. The first reference to the given name Andrew was a monk of Dunfermline, who later became the Bishop of Caithness in the reign of David I. The first references to the surname appeared in the 13th century. In 1296, David le fiz Andreu was recorded as a burgess of Peebles, and Duncan fiz Andreu of Dumfries was recorded as taking an oath of fealty. [1]

The Andersons held territories in Moidart, but later moved to Badenoch in the early 14th century. The most prominent branches of the Andersons were the Dowhills, West Ardbrecks and Candacraigs in Strathdon.

Early Origins of the Anderson family

The surname Anderson was first found in the Great Glen and Strathspey, where the Anderson family is descended from Mac Ghille Andreis, servant of St. Andrew, Scotland's Patron Saint. They are regarded as a sept of Clan Chattan and have been associated with this Confederation of Clans from the 15th century.

Not withstanding the aforementioned Scottish ancestry, it should now be mentioned that some of the family moved south into England at early times in their history. By example, we need to mention the manor in the parish of Eyworth in Bedfordshire. "The manor belonged at an early period to the Leybourns, and was afterwards in the families of Charlton and Francis; in the reign of Elizabeth, Eyworth was the property and seat of Sir Edmund Anderson, lord chief justice of the common pleas, one of the judges who sat at the trial of Mary, Queen of Scots. The church contains some interesting monuments to the Andersons and others." [2]

Early History of the Anderson family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Anderson research. Another 65 words (5 lines of text) covering the years 1300, 1515, 1620, 1710, 1668, 1721, 1726, 1796 and are included under the topic Early Anderson History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Anderson Spelling Variations

In the Middle Ages, the translation between Gaelic and English was not a highly developed process. Spelling was not yet standardized, and so, an enormous number of spelling variations appear in records of early Scottish names. Anderson has appeared as Anderson, Andison, Andersonne, Andersoun, Andirsoone, Andresoun, Androson, Andirston, Andrewson and many more.

Early Notables of the Anderson family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the Clan from early times was John Androsone, burgess of Edinburgh in 1515; David and Alexander Anderson of Finshaugh, who made great contributions in the world of mathematics; Lionel Albert Anderson (c. 1620-1710), an English Dominican...
Another 38 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Anderson Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Anderson World Ranking

In the United States, the name Anderson is the 11st most popular surname with an estimated 773,457 people with that name. [3] However, in Canada, the name Anderson is ranked the 13rd most popular surname with an estimated 70,365 people with that name. [4] And in Quebec, Canada, the name Anderson is the 745th popular surname. [5] Newfoundland, Canada ranks Anderson as 123rd with 294 people. [6] France ranks Anderson as 4,892nd with 1,500 - 2,000 people. [7] Australia ranks Anderson as 7th with 71,588 people. [8] New Zealand ranks Anderson as 8th with 6,986 people. [9] The United Kingdom ranks Anderson as 43rd with 88,023 people. [10] South Africa ranks Anderson as 524th with 13,549 people. [11]

Ireland Migration of the Anderson family to Ireland

Some of the Anderson family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 78 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Anderson migration to the United States +

These settlers arrived in North America at a time when the east was burgeoning with prosperous colonies and the expanses of the west were just being opened up. The American War of Independence was also imminent. Some Scots stayed to fight for a new country, while others who remained loyal went north as United Empire Loyalists. The ancestors of all of them went on to rediscover their heritage in the 20th century through highland games and other patriotic Scottish events. The Anderson were among these contributors, for they have been located in early North American records:

Anderson Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Jochem Anderson, who arrived in New York, NY in 1600 [12]
  • Heinrich Anderson, who immigrated to Philadelphia in 1627
  • Thomas Anderson, who settled in Virginia in 1634
  • Joseph Anderson and Richard Anderson in 1635
  • Jo Anderson, aged 20, who arrived in Virginia in 1635 [12]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Anderson Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Hannah Anderson, who arrived in Virginia in 1705 [12]
  • Enoch Anderson, who landed in New Jersey in 1709 [12]
  • Jacob Anderson, who emigrated from England to New England in 1710
  • Derrick Anderson, who landed in Virginia in 1714 [12]
  • Edward Anderson, who landed in Virginia in 1717 [12]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Anderson Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Archd Anderson, aged 19, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1803 [12]
  • George Anderson, who landed in America in 1804 [12]
  • James Anderson, who arrived in America in 1804 [12]
  • Heny Anderson, aged 46, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1804 [12]
  • Charles Anderson, who landed in America in 1805 [12]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Anderson Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Chris Anderson, who landed in Alaska in 1900 [12]
  • Herman Anderson, who landed in Mississippi in 1900 [12]
  • Eliza J Anderson, who landed in Colorado in 1902 [12]
  • Chris C Anderson, who arrived in Mississippi in 1903 [12]
  • Frank Anderson, who arrived in Arkansas in 1903 [12]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Canada Anderson migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Anderson Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Edward Anderson, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • James Anderson, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • John and William Anderson, who immigrated to Newfoundland in 1763 [13]
  • Elizabeth Anderson, aged 36, who landed in Fort Cumberland, Nova Scotia in 1775
  • Mr. Alex Anderson U.E., United Empire Loyalist who settled in Home District, South Central Ontario c. 1783 [14]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Anderson Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Alexander Anderson and his wife Isobel, who emigrated from Scotland to Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island in 1808 with their children James, Ann, Christina, and Isobel
  • William Anderson, aged 28, who landed in Canada in 1811
  • William Anderson, aged 28, who arrived in Canada in 1811
  • William Anderson, aged 37, a gardener, who arrived in Quebec aboard the ship "Atlas" in 1815
  • Ann Anderson, aged 36, who arrived in Quebec aboard the ship "Atlas" in 1815
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Australia Anderson migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Anderson Settlers in Australia in the 18th Century
  • Mr. John Anderson, (b. 1760), aged 27, English seaman who was convicted in Exeter, Devon, England for 7 years for stealing, transported aboard the "Charlotte" on 13th May 1787, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [15]
  • Mr. Robert Anderson, (b. 1772), aged 21, Irish soldier who was convicted in Donegal, Ireland for life for highway robbery, transported aboard the "Boddingtons" on 15th February 1793, arriving in New South Wales, Australia, he died in 1839 [16]
Anderson Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Miss Martha Anderson, (b. 1768), aged 32, English house maid who was convicted in Northumberland, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Earl Cornwallis" in August 1800, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [17]
  • Mr. Robert Anderson, (Scott), British Convict who was convicted in Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Coromandel" on 4th December 1803, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [18]
  • Thomas Anderson, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Ann" on August 1809, settling in New South Wales, Australia [19]
  • Miss Isabella Anderson, (b. 1784), aged 28, English convict who was convicted in Lancaster, Lancashire, England for 7 years for larceny, transported aboard the "Emu" in October 1812, the ship was captured and the passengers put ashore, the convicts were then transported aboard the "Broxburnebury" in January 1812 arriving in New South Wales, Australia, she died in 1850 [20]
  • Mr. James Anderson, English convict who was convicted in Middlesex, England for life, transported aboard the "Asiatic" on 5th June 1819, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [21]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Anderson migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Anderson Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. James Anderson, Australian settler travelling from Hobart, Tasmania, Australia aboard the ship "Bee" arriving in New Zealand in 1831 [22]
  • Mr. Jacob Anderson, Australian settler travelling from Hobart, Tasmania, Australia aboard the ship "Bee" arriving in New Zealand in 1832 [22]
  • J Anderson, who landed in Hokianga, New Zealand in 1839
  • Archibald Anderson, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship Bengal Merchant
  • Patrick Anderson, who landed in Tamaki, Auckland, New Zealand in 1840
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

West Indies Anderson migration to West Indies +

The British first settled the British West Indies around 1604. They made many attempts but failed in some to establish settlements on the Islands including Saint Lucia and Grenada. By 1627 they had managed to establish settlements on St. Kitts (St. Christopher) and Barbados, but by 1641 the Spanish had moved in and destroyed some of these including those at Providence Island. The British continued to expand the settlements including setting the First Federation in the British West Indies by 1674; some of the islands include Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Island, Turks and Caicos, Jamaica and Belize then known as British Honduras. By the 1960's many of the islands became independent after the West Indies Federation which existed from 1958 to 1962 failed due to internal political conflicts. After this a number of Eastern Caribbean islands formed a free association. [23]
Anderson Settlers in West Indies in the 17th Century
  • James Anderson, aged 19, who arrived in Barbados in 1634 [12]
  • Mr. James Anderson, (b. 1554), aged 80, British settler travelling from Gravesend, UK aboard the ship "Hopewell" arriving in Barbados on 17th February 1634 [12]
  • Mr. Robert Anderson, (b. 1613), aged 22, British settler travelling from London, England aboard the ship "Anne and Elizabeth" arriving in Barbados in 1635 [24]
  • Mr. John Anderson, (b. 1614), aged 21, British settler travelling from London, England aboard the ship "Alexander" arriving in Barbados in 1635 [25]
  • Mr. William Anderson, (b. 1599), aged 36, British settler travelling from London, England aboard the ship "Alexander" arriving in Barbados in 1635 [25]

Contemporary Notables of the name Anderson (post 1700) +

  • Marian Anderson (1897-1993), American concert and opera singer and recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • John Anderson GCB, OM, GCSI, GCIE, PC, PC (Ire), FRS (1882-1958), 1st Viscount Waverley, British civil servant and politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer (1943-1945), Lord President of the Council (1940-1943), eponym of the Anderson Shelter used extensively in World War II
  • Philip Warren Anderson (1923-2020), American scientist who won the Nobel Prize for physics in 1977 for his work on the electronic structure of magnetic and disordered systems
  • Brandon Paak Anderson (b. 1986), known professionally as Anderson .Paak an American rapper, singer, songwriter, record producer and multi-instrumentalist from Oxnard, California. who received a nomination for Best Urban Contemporary Album at the Grammy Awards in 2016, he won his first Grammy award for Best Rap Performance with the song "Bubblin" and he won a Grammy Award in 2020 for "Best R&B Album" with Ventura and one for Best R&B Performance for "Come Home"
  • George Ross Anderson Jr. (1929-2020), American attorney, politician, and jurist, Senior Judge of the United States District Court for the District of South Carolina (2009-2016)
  • Russell A. Anderson (1942-2020), American jurist, Chief Justice Minnesota Supreme Court (2006-2008)
  • Dwight Anthony Anderson (1960-2020), American professional basketball player
  • Ralph Anderson (1927-2019), American politician, Democratic member of the South Carolina Senate (1996-2013)
  • Dave Anderson (1929-2018), American sportswriter who won the 1981 Pulitzer Prize for Commentary
  • Harry Laverne Anderson (1952-2018), American actor, comedian, and magician, best known for his leading role as Judge Harry Stone the television series Night Court (1984-1992)
  • ... (Another 89 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Air New Zealand Flight 901
  • Mrs. Audrey Anderson (d. 1979), British passenger, from United Kingdom aboard the Air New Zealand Flight 901 for an Antarctic sightseeing flight when it flew into Mount Erebus; she died in the crash [26]
  • Mrs. Margaret Isobel Anderson (1915-1979), New Zealander passenger, from Epsom, Auckland, New Zealand aboard the Air New Zealand Flight 901 for an Antarctic sightseeing flight when it flew into Mount Erebus; she died in the crash [26]
Empress of Ireland
  • Mr. James William Anderson, British Trimmer from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [27]
  • Mr. Johna Anderson (1879-1914), Finnish Third Class Passenger from Helsingfors, (Helsinki), Finland who survived the sinking on the Empress of Ireland [28]
  • Mr. Albert Bruce Anderson (1871-1914), English First Class Passenger from London, England, United Kingdom who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [28]
  • Mr. Olaf Anderson (1887-1914), Norwegian Third Class Passenger from Trondheim, Norway who survived the sinking on the Empress of Ireland [28]
  • Mr. A. Anderson, Canadian Third Class Passenger from Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [28]
  • ... (Another 2 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Flight TWA 800
  • Miss. Seana Michele Anderson (1969-1996), from California, USA, American passenger with fiancée Brent Richey flying aboard flight TWA 800 from J.F.K. Airport, New York to Leonardo da Vinci Airport, Rome when the plane crashed after takeoff ; she died in the crash [29]
  • Mrs. Patricia Ann Anderson (1954-1996), from Warson Woods, Missouri, USA, American passenger flying aboard flight TWA 800 from J.F.K. Airport, New York to Leonardo da Vinci Airport, Rome when the plane crashed after takeoff ; she died in the crash [29]
  • Mr. Jule Edward Anderson (1947-1996), from Warson Woods, Missouri, USA, American financial planner flying aboard flight TWA 800 from J.F.K. Airport, New York to Leonardo da Vinci Airport, Rome when the plane crashed after takeoff ; he died in the crash [29]
Halifax Explosion
  • Mr. James Mark  Anderson (1845-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [30]
Hillcrest Coal Mine
  • Mr. Robert Anderson (1871-1914), Scottish Miner from Polmont, Sterling, Scotland, United Kingdom who worked in the Hillcrest Coal Mine, Alberta, Canada and died in the mine collapse [31]
Hillsborough disaster
  • John Alfred Anderson (1926-1989), English security officer who was attending the FA Cup semi-final at Hillsborough Stadium, in Sheffield, Yorkshire when the stand allocated area became overcrowded and 96 people were crushed in what became known as the Hillsborough disaster and he died from his injuries [32]
HMAS Sydney II
  • Mr. Cecil John Anderson (1916-1941), Australian Able Seaman from Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [33]
  • Mr. Ronald Harry Anderson (1918-1941), Australian Able Seaman from Palmyra, Western Australia, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [33]
  • Mr. William Thomson Anderson (1914-1941), Australian Lieutenant Engineer from Five Dock, New South Wales, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [33]
HMS Hood
  • Mr. Joseph M Anderson (b. 1920), Scottish Ordinary Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Redding, Stirlingshire, Scotland, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [34]
  • Mr. John Anderson (b. 1919), English Chief Engine Room Artificer serving for the Royal Navy from Hartlepool, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [34]
  • Mr. Arthur D Anderson (b. 1924), English Ordinary Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Portsmouth, Hampshire, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [34]
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. Stanley Anderson, British Able Bodied Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking, was listed as missing in action 1942 [35]
  • Mr. Archibald Dickie Anderson, British Marine, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking, was listed as missing and presumed killed during the evacuation of Singapore 1942 [35]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. James Anderson, British Shipwright, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [36]
  • Mr. James Anderson, British Boy, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [36]
  • Mr. John Anderson (1923-1942), "Jacky" English Able Bodied Seaman from Grove Hill, Middlesbrough, England, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking, was lost later in 1942 [36]
HMS Royal Oak
  • William Thomas Anderson (1920-1939), born in Ballycullen, Newtownards, Co. Down, Ireland, Irish Marine with the Royal Marine aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [37]
  • William Barrie Anderson (1921-1939), born in Kilsyth, Stirlingshire, Scotland, Scottish Seaman with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [37]
  • R. Anderson, British Able Seaman with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he survived the sinking [37]
  • Robert Fairey Anderson (1921-1939), born in Edinburgh, Scotland, Scottish Seaman with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [37]
  • Henry Lewis Anderson (1916-1939), born in Dawley, Shropshire, England, British Stoker 1st Class with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [37]
  • ... (Another 1 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Ibrox disaster
  • David Anderson (1926-1971), Scottish football supporter, from Glasgow who was at the Ibrox disaster on 2nd January 1971 when a human crush among the crowd killed 66 and injured 200 people he died of his injuries [38]
RMS Lusitania
  • Mrs. Margaret Anderson, (née Armstrong), English 2nd Class passenger residing in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA returning to England, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking and was recovered [39]
  • Mrs. Emily Mary Anderson, (née Pybus), English 2nd Class passenger residing in Bridgeport, Connecticut, USA visiting England, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking by escaping in life boat 15 [40]
  • Miss Barbara Winifred Anderson, American 2nd Class passenger from Bridgeport, Connecticut, USA, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking by escaping in life boat 15 [40]
  • Mr. William Anderson, English Barkeeper from Kirkdale, Liverpool, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [40]
  • Mr. William Affleck Anderson, English Senior 5th Engineer from Liverpool, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking and was recovered [40]
  • ... (Another 3 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. Walter Yuill Anderson (1861-1912), aged 48, born in Campsie, Stirlingshire, Scotland, Scottish Scullion from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [41]
  • Mr. John Anderson (b. 1870), aged 41, English Able Seaman from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and survived the sinking escaping on life boat 16 [41]
  • Mr. James Anderson, aged 40, English Able Seaman from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and survived the sinking escaping on life boat 16 [41]
  • Mr. Harry Anderson, aged 47, American First Class passenger from New York City, New York who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and survived the sinking escaping in life boat 3 [41]
Senghenydd colliery
  • Mr. Charles F. Anderson (b. 1881), Welsh coal miner from Senghenydd, Caerphilly, Wales who was working at the Senghenydd colliery when there was an explosion on the 14th October 1913; he died
SS Alcoa Puritan
  • N.M. Anderson, American Second Mate from New Orleans, Louisiana, who was working aboard the SS Alcoa Puritan traveling from Port of Spain, Trinidad to Mobile, Alabama when it was torpedoed by U-boat U-507; he survived the sinking [42]
USS Arizona
  • Mr. John D. Anderson, American Boatswain's Mate Second Class working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he survived the sinking [43]
  • Mr. Robert Adair Anderson, American Gunner's Mate Third Class from Missouri, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [43]
  • Mr. Lawrence Donald Anderson, American Ensign from Iowa, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [43]
  • Mr. James Pickins Anderson Jr., American Seaman First Class from Nevada, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [43]
  • Mr. Charles Titus Anderson, American Carpenter's Mate Second Class from California, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [43]
  • ... (Another 5 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)


Suggested Readings for the name Anderson +

  • The Andersons of Rowlett's Creek by W. Clytes Anderson Cullar and Jerry M. Flook.
  • Descendants of Capt. Henry Anderson, Sr., of Newberry County, South Carolina by Lucien L. McNees.

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  2. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  3. ^ https://namecensus.com/most_common_surnames.htm
  4. ^ https://forebears.io/surnames/
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  6. ^ The order of Common Surnames in 1955 in Newfoundland retrieved on 20th October 2021 (retrieved from Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland by E.R. Seary corrected edition ISBN 0-7735-1782-0)
  7. ^ http://www.journaldesfemmes.com/nom-de-famille/nom/
  8. ^ https://forebears.io/australia/surnames
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  11. ^ https://forebears.io/south-africa/surnames
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  13. ^ Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0
  14. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  15. ^ Convict Records of Australia (Retrieved 4th February 2021, retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/charlotte)
  16. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 25th October 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/boddingtons
  17. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 13th August 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/earl-cornwallis
  18. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 22nd March 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/coromandel-and-experiment
  19. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Ann voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1809 with 200 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/ann/1809
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  21. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 14th July 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/atlas
  22. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  23. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_West_Indies
  24. ^ Pilgrim Ship Lists Early 1600's retrieved 23rd September 2021. (Retrieved from https://www.packrat-pro.com/ships/shiplist.htm)
  25. ^ Pilgrim Ship Lists Early 1600's retrieved 28th September 2021. (Retrieved from https://www.packrat-pro.com/ships/shiplist.htm)
  26. ^ Mount Erebus, Memorial, Roll of Remembrance (Retrieved 2018, February 21st). Retrieved from http://www.erebus.co.nz/memorialandawards/rollofremembrance.aspx
  27. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  28. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 16) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  29. ^ The Washington Post Passenger List TWA Flight 800. (Retrieved 2018, February 15th). Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/national/longterm/twa800/list01.htm
  30. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  31. ^ List Of Miners - Hillcrest Mine Disaster Data. (Retrieved 2014, June 24) . Retrieved from http://www.hillcrestminedisaster.com/data/index.php?title=List_Of_Miners
  32. ^ Hillsborough Victims (retreived 21st March 2021). Retreived from https://metro.co.uk/2019/04/15/remembering-96-victims-hillsborough-disaster-30-years-9206566/
  33. ^ HMAS Sydney II, Finding Sydney Foundation - Roll of Honour. (Retrieved 2014, April 24) . Retrieved from http://www.findingsydney.com/roll.asp
  34. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  35. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  36. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  37. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  38. ^ Bradford City Football Club In memory (retrieved 22nd March 2021). Retrieved from https://www.bradfordcityafc.com/club/in-memoriam/
  39. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 7) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  40. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  41. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html
  42. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SS_Alcoa_Puritan_(1941) - (Retrieved 2018, February 8th)
  43. ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html


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