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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016


One of the most common classes of Scottish surnames is the patronymic surname, which arose out of the vernacular and religious naming traditions. The vernacular or regional naming tradition is the oldest and most pervasive type of patronymic surname. According to this custom, names were originally composed of vocabulary elements from the local language. Patronymic surnames of this type were usually derived from the personal name of the original bearer's father. The surname Adair is derived from the given name Edgar, which means prosperity.

Adair Early Origins



The surname Adair was first found in Galloway (Gaelic: Gall-ghaidhealaibh), an area of southwestern Scotland, now part of the Council Area of Dumfries and Galloway, that formerly consisted of the counties of Wigtown (West Galloway) and Kirkcudbright (East Galloway). Tradition has it that the foundation of the family of Adair of Dunskey and Kinhilt originated from a fugitive son of Fitzgerald, Earl Desmond of Adair in Ireland. Desmond was descended from Otto Geraldino, a Norman noble who accompanied William, Duke of Normandy into England in 1066. He also accompanied Strongbow into Ireland in 1172, and became Earl of Desmond. He settled in Kirkcudbright and Wigtown.

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Adair Spelling Variations


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Adair Spelling Variations



Scottish surnames are distinguished by a multitude of spelling variations because, over the centuries, the names were frequently translated into and from Gaeli c. Furthermore, the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent because medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules. The different versions of a surname, such as the inclusion of the patronymic prefix "Mac", frequently indicated a religious or Clan affiliation or even a division of the family. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into Scotland, accelerating accentuating the alterations to various surnames. The name Adair has also been spelled Adair, Odeir, Edzear, Edgar, Adare and others.

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Adair Early History


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Adair Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Adair research. Another 47 words (3 lines of text) covering the years 1655, 1722, 1688, 1614, 1625, 1694, 1641, 1622, 1630, 1630, 1640, 1641, 1647 and are included under the topic Early Adair History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Adair Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Adair Early Notables (pre 1700)



Another 30 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Adair Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Adair In Ireland


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Adair In Ireland



Some of the Adair family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 305 words (22 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



Some of the first immigrants to cross the Atlantic and come to North America carried the name Adair, or a variant listed above:

Adair Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Thomas Adair, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1730
  • William Adair, who arrived in New York in 1739
  • William Adair, who landed in New York, NY in 1740
  • William Adair, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1745
  • William Adair, who landed in America in 1754
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Adair Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • William Adair, who arrived in South Carolina in 1807
  • Edward Adair, who landed in Charleston, South Carolina in 1807
  • William Adair, aged 35, landed in New York in 1812
  • John Adair, who arrived in South Carolina in 1814
  • William Adair, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1816
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Adair Settlers in United States in the 20th Century

  • Henderson Adair, who arrived in Arkansas in 1902

Adair Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • Mr. John Adair U.E., United Empire Loyalist who settled in Home District, South Central Ontario c. 1783 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  • Mr. Robert Adair U.E., United Empire Loyalist who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1783 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X

Adair Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • Alexander Adair, aged 40, a labourer, arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Cupid" in 1834

Adair Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Henry Adair arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Winterthur" in 1866
  • Walter Adair, aged 23, a labourer, arrived in Hawkes Bay aboard the ship "Clarence" in 1875

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Contemporary Notables of the name Adair (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Adair (post 1700)



  • Jackson Leroy Adair (1887-1956), American Democrat politician, Adams County State's Attorney, 1916-20, 1924-28; U.S. Representative from Illinois 15th District, 1933-37; U.S. District Judge for the Southern District of Illinois, 1937-56
  • J. H. Adair, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Minnesota, 1908
  • J. Carlton Adair, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Nevada, 1960 (member, Credentials Committee)
  • Edwin Ross Adair (1907-1983), American Republican politician,U.S. Representative from Indiana 4th District, 1951-71; Defeated, 1970; U.S. Ambassador to Ethiopia, 1971-74
  • Clay Adair, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Missouri, 1924
  • Charles Wallace Adair Jr. (1914-2006), American politician, U.S. Ambassador to Panama, 1965-69; Uruguay, 1969-72
  • Charles R. Adair (1868-1949), American Democrat politician, Democratic Candidate for U.S. Representative from Michigan 6th District, 1922, 1932 (primary), 1936 (primary), 1938 (primary), 1940; Presidential Elector for Michigan, 1944
  • Carl M. Adair, American Republican politician, Candidate for Maryland State Senate District 11, 1970 ; Candidate in primary for Mayor of Baltimore, Maryland, 1999
  • Bryan Adair, American politician, Candidate for Mayor of Beeville, Texas, 1951
  • John Adair (1757-1840), American Democrat politician, Speaker of the Kentucky State House of Representatives, 1802-03; U.S. Senator from Kentucky, 1805-06Governor of Kentucky, 1820-24; U.S. Representative from Kentucky 7th District, 1831-33
  • ... (Another 24 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

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Suggested Readings for the name Adair


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Suggested Readings for the name Adair



  • The Descendants of James Adair by Miriam Dabbs Adair.

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Motto


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Motto



The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Loyal au mort
Motto Translation: Faithful unto death.


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Adair Family Crest Products


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Adair Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



  1. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X

Other References

  1. Warner, Philip Warner. Famous Scottish Battles. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1996. Print. (ISBN 0-76070-004-4).
  2. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Galveston Texas 1896-1951. National Archives Washington DC. Print.
  3. Paul, Sir James Balfour. An Ordinary of Arms Contained in the Public Register of All Arms and Bearings in Scotland Second Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1903. Print.
  4. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
  5. Skordas, Guest. Ed. The Early Settlers of Maryland an Index to Names or Immigrants Complied from Records of Land Patents 1633-1680 in the Hall of Records Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1968. Print.
  6. Bain, Robert. The Clans and Tartans of Scotland. Glasgow & London: Collins, 1968. Print. (ISBN 000411117-6).
  7. Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
  8. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
  9. Adam, Frank. Clans Septs and Regiments of the Scottish Highlands 8th Edition. London: Bacon (G.W.) & Co, 1970. Print. (ISBN 10-0717945006).
  10. Innes, Thomas and Learney. Scots Heraldry A Practical Handbook on the Historical Principles and Mordern Application of the Art and Science. London: Oliver and Boyd, 1934. Print.
  11. ...

The Adair Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Adair Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 11 September 2016 at 19:45.

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