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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016
A family in the Pictish tribe of ancient Scotland was the first to use the name Sutherland. They lived in the county of Sutherland in the north of Scotland. The name was derived from Old Norse suğr or "south" land, due to the area being south of Scandinavia and the Norse colonies in the Orkney and Shetland Islands. The Earls of Orkney referred to the Dales of Caithness as the Southland, even though they are in the more northern parts of Scotland. It was here that the great Lords of Freskin held their territory in the 11th century. They later intermarried with the great and royal house of Moray; hence, the three stars on the Sutherland coat of arms.
The surname Sutherland was first found in Caithness (Gaelic: Gallaibh), the northern tip of Scotland, a Norse/Viking controlled region from the 9th century, which became the Earldom of Caithness, where they held a family seat from the 11th century. Their early Clan chiefs were styled the Lords of Freskin in the Dales of Caithness.
In medieval Scotland, names were more often spelled according to sound than any regular set of rules. An enormous number of spelling variations were the result. Over the years, the name Sutherland has been spelled Sutherland, Sutherlan, Suderland and many more.
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Sutherland research. Another 879 words (63 lines of text) covering the years 1211, 1333, 1389, 1682, 1598, 1601, 1745, 1759, 1794, 1674, 1705, 1734, 1639, 1719, 1676, 1705, 1710 and 1768 are included under the topic Early Sutherland History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Notable amongst the Clan at this time was Alexander Sutherland, 1st Lord Duffus (d. 1674); James Sutherland, 2nd Lord Duffus (d. 1705); Kenneth Sutherland, 3rd Lord Duffus...
Another 26 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Sutherland Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
In such difficult times, Ireland, Australia, and North America looked like better homes for many Scots. The trips were expensive and grueling, but also rewarding, as the colonies were havens for those unwelcome in the old country. That legacy did not die easily, though, and many were forced to fight for their freedom in the American War of Independence. The Scottish legacy has resurface in more recent times, though, through Clan societies, highland games, and other organizations. Immigration and passenger lists have shown many early immigrants bearing the old Scottish name of Sutherland:
Sutherland Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
Sutherland Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
Sutherland Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
Sutherland Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
Sutherland Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
Sutherland Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Sans peur
Motto Translation: Without fear.
A clan is a social group made up of a number of distinct branch-families that actually descended from, or accepted themselves as descendants of, a common ancestor. The word clan means simply children. The idea of the clan as a community is necessarily based around this idea of heredity and is most often ruled according to a patriarchal structure. For instance, the clan chief represented the hereditary "parent" of the entire clan. The most prominent example of this form of society is the Scottish Clan system...More
Septs of the Distinguished Name Sutherland
Clyne, Duffes, Duffus, Federith, Grey, Mooat, Mooatt, Mouat, Mouatt, Mouett, Mowat, Mowatt, Mowet, Mowett, Sootharlan, Sootharland, Sootharlane, Sootharlant, Sootharlen, Sootharlend, Sootharlent, Sootharlind, Sootharlint, Sootharlyn, Sootharlynd, Sootherlan, Sootherland, Sootherlane, Sootherlant, Sootherlen, Sootherlend, Sootherlent, Sootherlind, Sootherlint, Sootherlyn, Sootherlynd, Sotharlan, Sotharland, Sotharlane, Sotharlant, Sotharlen, Sotharlend, Sotharlent, Sotharlind, Sotharlint, Sotharlyn, Sotharlynd, Sotherlan, Sotherlane, Sotherlant and more.
The Sutherland Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Sutherland Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.
This page was last modified on 8 August 2016 at 13:36.