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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2015

Where did the Scottish Sutherland family come from? What is the Scottish Sutherland family crest and coat of arms? When did the Sutherland family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Sutherland family history?

A family in the Pictish tribe of ancient Scotland was the first to use the name Sutherland. They lived in the county of Sutherland in the north of Scotland. The name was derived from Old Norse suğr or "south" land, due to the area being south of Scandinavia and the Norse colonies in the Orkney and Shetland Islands. The Earls of Orkney referred to the Dales of Caithness as the Southland, even though they are in the more northern parts of Scotland. It was here that the great Lords of Freskin held their territory in the 11th century. They later intermarried with the great and royal house of Moray; hence, the three stars on the Sutherland coat of arms.


In medieval Scotland, names were more often spelled according to sound than any regular set of rules. An enormous number of spelling variations were the result. Over the years, the name Sutherland has been spelled Sutherland, Sutherlan, Suderland and many more.

First found in Caithness (Gaelic: Gallaibh), the northern tip of Scotland, a Norse/Viking controlled region from the 9th century, which became the Earldom of Caithness, where they held a family seat from the 11th century. Their early Clan chiefs were styled the Lords of Freskin in the Dales of Caithness.


Sutherland Early History

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Sutherland research. Another 879 words(63 lines of text) covering the years 1211, 1333, 1389, 1682, 1598, 1601, 1745, 1759, 1794, 1674, 1705, 1734, 1639, 1719, 1676, 1705, 1710 and 1768 are included under the topic Early Sutherland History in all our PDF Extended History products.


Sutherland Early Notables

Another 89 words(6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Sutherland Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.


In such difficult times, Ireland, Australia, and North America looked like better homes for many Scots. The trips were expensive and grueling, but also rewarding, as the colonies were havens for those unwelcome in the old country. That legacy did not die easily, though, and many were forced to fight for their freedom in the American War of Independence. The Scottish legacy has resurface in more recent times, though, through clan societies, highland games, and other organizations. Immigration and passenger lists have shown many early immigrants bearing the old Scottish name of Sutherland:

Sutherland Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Joseph Sutherland, who arrived in Connecticut in 1736
  • Anna Sutherland, who arrived in New York in 1738
  • Elisbie Sutherland, who arrived in New York in 1738
  • Wm Sutherland, who arrived in Virginia in 1741
  • Patrick Sutherland, who landed in Georgia in 1743

Sutherland Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • David Sutherland, who arrived in Mississippi in 1833
  • Henry Sutherland, who landed in New York in 1842
  • J A Sutherland, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1851
  • A Sutherland, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851
  • T Sutherland, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1851

  • James Sutherland known as the Yellow Haired James (Seumas Buidhe), led the mass migration sponsored by the Sutherland Transatlantic Friendly Association to the Selkirk settlement along the Red River Valley in mid western Canada

Sutherland Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • Saml Sutherland, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Lily Sutherland, who landed in Pictou, Nova Scotia in 1773
  • Betty Sutherland, who arrived in Pictou, Nova Scotia in 1773

Sutherland Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • Alexr Sutherland, aged 24, arrived in Red River, Canada in 1812
  • William, Sutherland Jr., who arrived in Red River, Canada in 1812
  • Margaret Sutherland, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1815
  • Alexander Sutherland, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1815
  • Christy Sutherland, aged 36, arrived in Pictou, Nova Scotia in 1815

Sutherland Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

Sutherland Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Alex Sutherland landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship Oriental
  • Daniel Sutherland landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • Dr Sutherland landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship Blenheim
  • John Sutherland landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • Nathaniel Sutherland landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840


  • Edwin Sutherland (1883-1950), American sociologist considered as one of the most influential criminologists of the twentieth century
  • Howard Sutherland (1865-1950), American politician
  • Earl Wilbur Sutherland Jr. (1915-1974), American pharmacologist and biochemist awarded a Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1971
  • Hal Sutherland (1929-2014), American animator and painter, best known for his work on Sleeping Beauty (1959), Star Trek: The Animated Series (1973-1974), co-founder of Filmation
  • Sir Gordon Brims Black McIvor Sutherland (1907-1980), Scottish physicist who in 1964 became Master of Emmanuel College, Cambridge
  • Lord Ranald Iain Sutherland (b. 1932), former Senator of the College of Justice in Scotland
  • Luke Sutherland (b. 1971), Scottish novelist and musician
  • Donald McNicol Sutherland (b. 1935), prolific Canadian actor with a film career spanning over 40 years. He was made an Officer of the Order of Canada in 1978 and was inducted into Canada's Walk of Fame in 2000
  • Kiefer William Frederick Dempsey George Rufus Sutherland (b. 1966), Emmy and Golden Globe Award-winning Canadian television and film actor, son of Donald Sutherland and grandson of Canadian statesman and founder of Canada's single-payer, government health and hospital insurance plan Tommy Douglas
  • Dame Commander Joan Sutherland (1926-2010), world famous Australian opera singer noted for her contribution to the bel canto revival of the 1950s and 1960s. In 1991, the Queen bestowed on Dame Joan the Order of Merit, one of Britain and Australia's highest honours



  • Uriah Sutherland Family by Logan Sutherland.
  • The Seven Sutherland Sisters by Clarence O. Lewis.

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Sans peur
Motto Translation: Without fear.


Sutherland Clan Badge
Sutherland Clan Badge

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A clan is a social group made up of a number of distinct branch-families that actually descended from, or accepted themselves as descendants of, a common ancestor. The word clan means simply children. The idea of the clan as a community is necessarily based around this idea of heredity and is most often ruled according to a patriarchal structure. For instance, the clan chief represented the hereditary "parent" of the entire clan. The most prominent example of this form of society is the Scottish Clan system...


Septs of the Distinguished Name Sutherland
Clyne, Duffes, Duffus, Federith, Grey, Mooat, Mooatt, Mouat, Mouatt, Mouett, Mowat, Mowatt, Mowet, Mowett, Sootharlan, Sootharland, Sootharlane, Sootharlant, Sootharlen, Sootharlend, Sootharlent, Sootharlind, Sootharlint, Sootharlyn, Sootharlynd, Sootherlan, Sootherland, Sootherlane, Sootherlant, Sootherlen, Sootherlend, Sootherlent, Sootherlind, Sootherlint, Sootherlyn, Sootherlynd, Sotharlan, Sotharland, Sotharlane, Sotharlant, Sotharlen, Sotharlend, Sotharlent, Sotharlind, Sotharlint, Sotharlyn, Sotharlynd, Sotherlan, Sotherlane, Sotherlant and more.


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  1. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  2. Leyburn, James Graham. The Scotch-Irish A Social History. Chapel Hill: UNC Press, 1962. Print. (ISBN 0807842591).
  3. Browning, Charles H. Americans of Royal Descent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  4. Bell, Robert. The Book of Ulster Surnames. Belfast: Blackstaff, 1988. Print. (ISBN 10-0856404160).
  5. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
  6. Martine, Roddy, Roderick Martine and Don Pottinger. Scottish Clan and Family Names Their Arms, Origins and Tartans. Edinburgh: Mainstream, 1992. Print.
  7. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
  8. Fulton, Alexander. Scotland and Her Tartans: The Romantic Heritage of the Scottish Clans and Families. Godalming: Bramley, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-86283-880-0).
  9. Skordas, Guest. Ed. The Early Settlers of Maryland an Index to Names or Immigrants Complied from Records of Land Patents 1633-1680 in the Hall of Records Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1968. Print.
  10. Black, George F. The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3).
  11. ...

The Sutherland Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Sutherland Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 24 March 2015 at 19:18.

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