Ross History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The name Ross is rooted in the ancient Norman culture that arrived in England after the Norman Conquest of England in 1066. It was a name for someone who was a person who had the given name Andrew, which is derived from Anrias. The name may also be a nickname derived from the Old English word rouse, which means red or red-haired.

Early Origins of the Ross family

The surname Ross was first found in Yorkshire, although there seems to be two distinct origins of this surname. This history discusses in detail the English/Scottish borders origin of the name. For this origin, the first reference of the name was Godfrey de Ross, a vassal of the de Morevilles, obtaining from Richard de Moreville the lands of Stewarton in Cuningham.

This family of Ros or Ross came from Yorkshire. James de Ros, Reginald de Ross and Peter de Ross appear about the same time also as vassals of Richard de Moreville. These people are also listed as witnesses in his charters. The aforementioned Godfrey de Ross witnessed de Moreville's charter of Gillemoristun with Edulfus filius Utredi c. 1189. A few years later in 1205, Sir Godfrey de Rose, Arthur de Ross and Fergus de Rosse witnessed an agreement between the burgesses of Irvine and Brice of Eglunstone.

"The manor [at Roos, Yorkshire] was from the reign of Henry I. the seat and property of the noble family of Roos, one of whose barons had the glory of leading the second division of the English army at the battle of Cressy. The site is still visible of the castle of the former barons; and in part of the old moat have been lately found a misericorde dagger and some amber beads. The place confers the original title on the present family of De Ros." [1]

Important Dates for the Ross family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Ross research. Another 169 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1296, 1363, 1372, 1390, 1372, 1370, 1414, 1394, 1413, 1396, 1403, 1404, 1403, 1413, 1455, 1508 and are included under the topic Early Ross History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ross Spelling Variations

Endless spelling variations are a prevailing characteristic of Norman surnames. Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules, and the introduction of Norman French added an unfamiliar ingredient to the English linguistic stew. French and Latin, the languages of the court, also influenced spellings. Finally, Medieval scribes generally spelled words according to how they sounded, so one person was often referred to by different spellings in different documents. The name has been spelled Ros, Roose, Ross, Ruse and others.

Early Notables of the Ross family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst bearers of this family name during their early history was The 5th Earl of Ross, William, who died in 1372; and William de Ros, 6th Baron de Ros of Helmsley, (c.1370-1414), Lord Treasurer of England, already a Knight and inherited the rank and privileges of his deceased brother, first summoned to the Parliament of England on November 20 1394, He would regularly attend sessions till 1413, first assignment from Richard II of England was to join Walter Skirlaw, Bishop of Durham, Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland and others in negotiating for a peace treaty with Robert III of...
Another 188 words (13 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Ross Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Ross family to Ireland

Some of the Ross family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 60 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ross migration to the United States

To escape the political and religious persecution within England at the time, many English families left for the various British colonies abroad. The voyage was extremely difficult, though, and the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving. But for those who made it, the trip was most often worth it. Many of the families who arrived went on to make valuable contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families reveals a number of immigrants bearing the name Ross or a variant listed above:

Ross Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Daniel Ross, who landed in Boston, Massachusetts in 1651 [2]
  • Alester Ross, who landed in America in 1652 [2]
Ross Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Andreas Ross, who landed in New York in 1710 [2]
  • Charles Ross, who arrived in South Carolina in 1716 [2]
  • Christopher Ross, aged 55, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1738 [2]
  • Jean Ross, who landed in New York, NY in 1738 [2]
  • Anneal Ross, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1740-1741 [2]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Ross Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Casper Ross, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1802 [2]
  • Gerret Ross, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1802 [2]
  • Anna Ross, aged 50, who arrived in New York in 1807 [2]
  • John Ross, who landed in Charleston, South Carolina in 1810 [2]
  • Eleanor Ross, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1811 [2]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Ross migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Ross Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Catherine Ross, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1773
  • Christina Ross, who arrived in Pictou, Nova Scotia in 1773
  • Donald Ross, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1773
  • Janet Ross, who arrived in Pictou, Nova Scotia in 1773
  • Mr. Donald Ross U.E. who settled in Eastern District [Cornwall], Ontario c. 1776 he served in the Royal Regiment of New York [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Ross Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Alexander Ross, aged 35, who arrived in Pictou, Nova Scotia in 1815-1816
  • Donald Ross, aged 22, who arrived in Pictou, Nova Scotia in 1815-1816
  • Finlay Ross, aged 50, who arrived in Pictou, Nova Scotia in 1815-1816
  • George Ross, who arrived in Canada in 1817
  • William Ross, aged 22, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Forth" in 1833
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Ross migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Ross Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Simon Ross, Scottish convict from Edinburgh, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on July 29th, 1823, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [4]
  • James Ross, English convict from Shropshire, who was transported aboard the "Andromeda" on October 16, 1826, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [5]
  • Ms. Mary Ross, (b. 1806), aged 30, Cornish settler convicted in Old Bailey, London, UK on 17th August 1835, sentenced for 7 years for stealing various items from Edward Benny, transported aboard the ship "Henty Wellesley" on 7th October 1835 to New South Wales, Australia [6]
  • Robert Ross, who arrived in Kangaroo Island aboard the ship "Lady Mary Pelham" in 1836 [7]
  • Robert Ross, who arrived in Kangaroo Island aboard the ship "Tam O'Shanter" in 1836 [8]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Ross migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Ross Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • George Ross, aged 21, a blacksmith, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Blenheim" in 1840
  • Robert Ross, aged 23, a baker, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Arab" in 1841
  • Mary Ross, aged 21, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Arab" in 1841
  • James Ross, aged 37, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Phoebe Dunbar" between 1841 and 1850
  • Catherine Ross, aged 36, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Phoebe Dunbar" between 1841 and 1850
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Ross (post 1700)

  • Diana Ross (b. 1944), American singer, songwriter, and actress, founding member and lead singer of the vocal group The Supremes, inducted to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • Lillian Ross (1918-2017), born Lillian Rosovsky, an American journalist and author, staff writer at The New Yorker from 1945
  • Arthur Ross (1910-2007), American businessman and philanthropist
  • Jerry Jan Ross (1933-2017), American songwriter, best known for his song "I'm Gonna Make You Love Me"
  • Wilbur Louis Ross Jr. (b. 1937), American investor, and former banker, 39th United States Secretary of Commerce (2017-)
  • Master Sergeant Wilburn Kirby Ross (1922-2017), American Army soldier awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor in 1944 for his actions on October 30, 1944
  • Richard S. Ross (1924-2015), American cardiologist, Dean of Johns Hopkins University's School of Medicine from 1975 to 1990
  • Colonel, USAF, RET. Jerry L. Ross (b. 1948), NASA Astronaut with over 1,393 hours in space
  • Charles Griffith Ross (1885-1950), White House Press Secretary between 1945 and 1950 for Harry S. Truman and won a 1932 Pulitzer Prize for Correspondence
  • Nellie Tayloe Ross (1876-1977), American politician, Governor of Wyoming
  • ... (Another 24 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Ross family

Empress of Ireland
  • Mr. William Ross, British Greaser from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [9]
  • Mr. Thomas Ross (1889-1914), American Third Class Passenger from Detroit, Michigan, United States who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [9]
Halifax Explosion
  • Miss Eileen  Ross (1910-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [10]
  • Master Clifford  Ross (1917-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [10]
  • Master Freddie  Ross (1912-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [10]
  • Miss Maggie Carey  Ross (1917-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [10]
  • Miss Doris  Ross (1914-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [10]
  • ... (Another 2 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
HMAS Sydney II
  • Mr. Donald Ross (1899-1941), Australian Petty Officer Steward from Earlwood, New South Wales, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [11]
  • Mr. James Thompson Ross (1913-1941), Australian Supply Petty Officer from Manly, New South Wales, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [11]
HMS Royal Oak
  • John Ross, British Able Seaman with the Royal Navy Reserve aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he survived the sinking [12]
  • James Ross, British Able Seaman with the Royal Navy Reserve aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he survived the sinking [12]
  • Theodore William Ross (1917-1939), British Marine with the Royal Marine aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [12]
  • Gordon Ian McLeod Ross (1899-1939), British Able Seaman with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [12]
RMS Lusitania
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. Horace Leopold Ross, aged 36, English Scullion from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and survived the sinking by escaping in life boat 13 [14]
  • Mr. John Hugo Ross (d. 1912), aged 36, Canadian First Class passenger from Winnipeg, Manitoba who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [14]
USS Arizona
  • Mr. Deane Lundy Ross, American Seaman Second Class from New York, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [15]
  • Mr. William Fraser Ross, American Gunner's Mate Third Class from New York, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [15]

Citations

  1. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  2. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  3. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  4. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1823 with 151 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1823
  5. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Andromeda voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1826 with 147 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/andromeda/1826
  6. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 30th May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_australia_convicts.pdf
  7. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) LADY MARY PELHAM 1836. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1836LadyMaryPelham.htm
  8. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) TAM O'SHANTER - 1836. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1836TamOShanter.htm
  9. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  10. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  11. ^ HMAS Sydney II, Finding Sydney Foundation - Roll of Honour. (Retrieved 2014, April 24) . Retrieved from http://www.findingsydney.com/roll.asp
  12. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  13. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 7) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  14. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html
  15. ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html
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