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Marshall History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms


Origins Available: English, Scottish


The surname Marshall is a name of ancient Norman origin. It comes from the Old French "mareschal," which is in turn derived from the Germanic elements "marah," meaning "horse" and "scalc," or "servant." Thus the name was originally used for a person who tended horses. Around the same time that surnames were being formed, the marshall was one of the most important servants in the houses of the nobility.

Early Origins of the Marshall family


The surname Marshall was first found in Lothian, where the Clan is said to be descended from Robert, an early Chieftain of the Catti tribe, and possibly one of the earliest settlers in Scotland. Robert joined King Malcolm II at the battle of Panbridge, in 1006, against Camus, leader of the Danes. Robert slew Camus for which King Malcolm granted Robert the hereditary title of Marshall of Scotland, with a barony in Lothian and the island of Inskeith in the gulf of Edinburgh. It is for this title that the Keiths are sometimes known as the Marshalls, and many Clansmen adopted that name.

Early History of the Marshall family


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Marshall research.
Another 679 words (48 lines of text) covering the years 1304, 1438, 1464, 1748, 1775, 1796, 1833, 1851, and 1855 are included under the topic Early Marshall History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Marshall Spelling Variations


Spelling variations of this family name include: Marshall, Marshal, Marescal, Marescall, Merchel, Mercial, Mershell, Mersell, Marshale and many more.

Early Notables of the Marshall family (pre 1700)


Notable among the family at this time was Richard Marshal, 13th century knight; Andrew Marshal, 18th century physician born in Fife; Henry Marshall (1775-1851), physician and Inspector-General of army hospitals born in Stirlingshire; James Marshall (1796-1855)...
Another 35 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Marshall Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Marshall family to Ireland


Some of the Marshall family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 116 words (8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Marshall family to the New World and Oceana


Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Marshall Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Henry Marshall, who landed in America in 1620 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Edward Marshall, who arrived in Virginia in 1621
  • Charle Marshall, who arrived in Virginia in 1623
  • Francis Marshall, who arrived in New England in 1634 aboard the "Christian"
  • Francis Marshall, aged 26, who arrived in Barbados in 1635 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Marshall Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Josias Marshall, who arrived in Virginia in 1701 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Angell Marshall, who arrived in Virginia in 1702 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Abraham Marshall, who landed in Virginia in 1709 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Abraham Marshall, who arrived in Virginia in 1709
  • Angilo Marshall, who landed in Virginia in 1719 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Marshall Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Betty Marshall, aged 19, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1805 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Joseph Marshall, who arrived in Ohio in 1812 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Elizabeth Marshall, aged 39, who arrived in Massachusetts in 1813 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Gilbert Marshall, who landed in Washington County, Pennsylvania in 1818 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Andrew Marshall, who landed in Charleston, South Carolina in 1826 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Marshall Settlers in Canada in the 17th Century

  • John Marshall, who was on record in Keels, Newfoundland in 1681 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0
  • Henry Marshall, who was a boat keeper in St. John's, Newfoundland in 1681 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0

Marshall Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • Josiah Marshall, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749-1752
  • Lascelles Marshall, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • George Marshall, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Jane Marshall, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Charles Marshall, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Marshall Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • John Marshall migrated from Clackmannan to Toronto in 1832
  • Mary, Robert and Thomas Marshall, who all, who sailed to Saint John, New Brunswick in 1834
  • Mary, Robert, and Thomas Marshall and Joseph Marshale, who all, who sailed to Saint John, New Brunswick in 1834
  • Robert Marshall, aged 26, a farmer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1834 aboard the barque "New Brunswick" from Liverpool, England
  • Mary Marshall, aged 22, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1834 aboard the barque "New Brunswick" from Liverpool, England
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Marshall Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Henry Marshall, English convict from Surrey, who was transported aboard the "Albion" on May 17, 1823, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Albion voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1823 with 200 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/albion/1823
  • William Marshall, English convict from Herefordshire, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on October 22nd, 1824, settling in New South Wales, Australia [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1824 with 9 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1824
  • William Marshall, a shoemaker, who arrived in Van Diemen’s Land (now Tasmania) sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • Jane Marshall, English convict from Devon, who was transported aboard the "Arab" on December 14, 1835, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [5]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Arab voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1835 with 132 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/arab/1835
  • James Marshall, who arrived in Holdfast Bay, Australia aboard the ship "Cygnet" in 1836 [6]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Cygnet arrived Holdfast Bay, Adealide Sept. 11, 1836. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1836Cygnet.htm
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Marshall Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • E Marshall, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1830
  • David Watt Marshall, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • Mrs R A Marshall, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship London
  • S Marshall, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • W Marshall, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1840
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Marshall (post 1700)


  • Barry Marshall (b. 1951), Australian physician and Nobel Prize winner famous for his research into stomach ulcers
  • Thurgood Marshall (1908-1993), American jurist, first African American to serve on the Supreme Court of the United States and recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • Garry Marshall (1934-2016), born Garry Kent Masciarelli, an American actor, director, writer, producer and creator of the television shows Happy Days and The Odd Couple, inducted into the Television Hall of Fame in 1997
  • Helen M. Marshall (1929-2017), American politician, Borough President of Queens from 2002 to 2013
  • Donald James Marshall (1936-2016), American actor, best known for his role as Dan Erickson in the television show Land of the Giants
  • Bruce Turner Marshall (1962-2016), American ice hockey head coach at Franklin Pierce University
  • James Wilson Marshall (1810-1885), American carpenter and sawmill operator who found gold at Coloma on the American River in California on January 24, 1848, leading to the California Gold Rush
  • John Marshall (1941-2016), American environmentalist, founder of the Florida Environmental Research Institute
  • Lee Marshall (d. 2014), American professional wrestling announcer for the American Wrestling Association (AWA), the voice of Tony the Tiger
  • Brigadier-General James Creel Marshall (1897-1977), American Assistant Chief of Staff, Services of Supply, South West Pacific Area (1943-1945) [7]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2013, February 12) James Marshall. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Marshall/James_Creel/USA.html
  • ... (Another 262 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Marshall family



Halifax Explosion

  • Mr. George Norman  Marshall (1863-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [8]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  • Mr. William  Marshall (1869-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [8]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  • Mrs. Annie  Marshall (1872-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [8]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  • Mr. William  Marshall (1904-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [8]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance

HMS Cornwall

  • Anthony Reginald Marshall, British Lieutenant aboard the HMS Cornwall when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he survived the sinking [9]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Force Z Survivors Crew List HMS Cornwall (Retrieved 2018, February 13th) - Retrieved from https://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listcornwallcrew.html#A

HMS Dorsetshire

  • William Charles Start Marshall (d. 1945), British Able Seaman aboard the HMS Dorsetshire when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he died in the sinking

HMS Prince of Wales

  • Mr. Leslie Marshall, British Engine Room Artificer 4th Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and died in the sinking [10]CITATION[CLOSE]
    HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  • Mr. George Marshall, British Stoker 2nd Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and died in the sinking [10]CITATION[CLOSE]
    HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  • Mr. Geoffrey G Marshall, British Ordnance, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [10]CITATION[CLOSE]
    HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html

HMS Repulse

  • Mr. Robert Marshall, British Marine, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [11]CITATION[CLOSE]
    HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  • Mr. John William Marshall, British Marine, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking, was killed in action [11]CITATION[CLOSE]
    HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  • Mr. Edward T Marshall, British Petty Officer, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [11]CITATION[CLOSE]
    HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  • Mr. Ernest Marshall (b. 1921), English Ordinary Seaman from Norwich, England, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died in the sinking [11]CITATION[CLOSE]
    HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html

HMS Royal Oak

  • Frederick Marshall (1921-1939), British Boy 1st Class with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [12]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html

RMS Lusitania

  • Mr. James Marshall, English First Waiter from Waterloo, Lancashire, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [13]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 7) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  • Mrs. Fannie E. Marshall, Canadian 3rd Class passenger from Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [14]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/

Suggested Readings for the name Marshall


  • Forebears and Descendants of an Early Houston Family by Maudie Marie Holt Marshall.
  • A History of the Marshall and Related Families by Wallace Marshall.
  • Marshall Pioneers and Their Descendants Across Canada and the United States by Joan Jowsey.

The Marshall Motto


The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Semper virescit virtus
Motto Translation: Virtue always flourishes.


Marshall Clan Badge

Marshall Clan Badge

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A clan is a social group made up of a number of distinct branch-families that actually descended from, or accepted themselves as descendants of, a common ancestor. The word clan means simply children. The idea of the clan as a community is necessarily based around this idea of heredity and is most often ruled according to a patriarchal structure. For instance, the clan chief represented the hereditary "parent" of the entire clan. The most prominent example of this form of society is the Scottish Clan system...

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Septs of the Distinguished Name Marshall
Marescal, Marescall, Marshal, Marshale, Marshall, Merchel, Mercial, Mersel, Mersell, Mershel, Mershell and more.

Marshall Family Crest Products



See Also



Citations


  1. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  2. ^ Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0
  3. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Albion voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1823 with 200 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/albion/1823
  4. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1824 with 9 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1824
  5. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Arab voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1835 with 132 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/arab/1835
  6. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Cygnet arrived Holdfast Bay, Adealide Sept. 11, 1836. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1836Cygnet.htm
  7. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2013, February 12) James Marshall. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Marshall/James_Creel/USA.html
  8. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  9. ^ Force Z Survivors Crew List HMS Cornwall (Retrieved 2018, February 13th) - Retrieved from https://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listcornwallcrew.html#A
  10. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  11. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  12. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  13. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 7) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  14. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/

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