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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016

Origins Available: English, Scottish


The surname Marshall is a name of ancient Norman origin. It comes from the Old French "mareschal," which is in turn derived from the Germanic elements "marah," meaning "horse" and "scalc," or "servant." Thus the name was originally used for a person who tended horses. Around the same time that surnames were being formed, the marshall was one of the most important servants in the houses of the nobility.

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The surname Marshall was first found in Lothian, where the Clan is said to be descended from Robert, an early Chieftain of the Catti tribe, and possibly one of the earliest settlers in Scotland. Robert joined King Malcolm II at the battle of Panbridge, in 1006, against Camus, leader of the Danes. Robert slew Camus for which King Malcolm granted Robert the hereditary title of Marshall of Scotland, with a barony in Lothian and the island of Inskeith in the gulf of Edinburgh. It is for this title that the Keiths are sometimes known as the Marshalls, and many Clansmen adopted that name.

Spelling variations of this family name include: Marshall, Marshal, Marescal, Marescall, Merchel, Mercial, Mershell, Mersell, Marshale and many more.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Marshall research. Another 679 words (48 lines of text) covering the years 1304, 1438, 1464, 1748, 1775, 1796, 1833, 1851, and 1855 are included under the topic Early Marshall History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 70 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Marshall Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the Marshall family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 116 words (8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Marshall Settlers in United States in the 17th Century


  • Henry Marshall, who landed in America in 1620
  • Edward Marshall, who arrived in Virginia in 1621
  • Charle Marshall, who arrived in Virginia in 1623
  • Francis Marshall, who arrived in New England in 1634 aboard the "Christian"
  • Francis Marshall, aged 26, arrived in Barbados in 1635


Marshall Settlers in United States in the 18th Century


  • Josias Marshall, who arrived in Virginia in 1701
  • Angell Marshall, who arrived in Virginia in 1702
  • Abraham Marshall, who landed in Virginia in 1709
  • Abraham Marshall, who arrived in Virginia in 1709
  • Angilo Marshall, who landed in Virginia in 1719


Marshall Settlers in United States in the 19th Century


  • Betty Marshall, aged 19, arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1805
  • Joseph Marshall, who arrived in Ohio in 1812
  • Elizabeth Marshall, aged 39, arrived in Massachusetts in 1813
  • Gilbert Marshall, who landed in Washington County, Pennsylvania in 1818
  • Andrew Marshall, who landed in Charleston, South Carolina in 1826


Marshall Settlers in Canada in the 17th Century


  • John Marshall, who was on record in Keels, Newfoundland in 1681
  • Henry Marshall, who was a boat keeper in St. Johns in 1681

Marshall Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century


  • Josiah Marshall, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749-1752
  • Lascelles Marshall, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • George Marshall, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Jane Marshall, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Charles Marshall, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750


Marshall Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century


  • John Marshall migrated from Clackmannan to Toronto in 1832
  • Mary, Robert and Thomas Marshall, who all sailed to St. John New Brunswick in 1834
  • Mary, Robert, and Thomas Marshall and Joseph Marshale, who all sailed to St. John New Brunswick in 1834
  • Robert Marshall, aged 26, a farmer, arrived in Saint John, NB in 1834 aboard the barque "New Brunswick" from Liverpool
  • Mary Marshall, aged 22, arrived in Saint John, NB in 1834 aboard the barque "New Brunswick" from Liverpool


Marshall Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century


  • Henry Marshall, English convict from Surrey, who was transported aboard the "Albion" on May 17, 1823, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia
  • William Marshall, English convict from Herefordshire, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on October 22nd, 1824, settling in New South Wales, Australia
  • William Marshall, a shoemaker, arrived in Van Diemenís Land (now Tasmania) sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • Jane Marshall, English convict from Devon, who was transported aboard the "Arab" on December 14, 1835, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Austraila
  • James Marshall arrived in Holdfast Bay, Australia aboard the ship "Cygnet" in 1836


Marshall Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century


  • E Marshall landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1830
  • David Watt Marshall landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • Mrs R A Marshall landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship London
  • S Marshall landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • W Marshall landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1840


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  • John Marshall (1941-2016), American environmentalist, founder of the Florida Environmental Research Institute
  • Lee Marshall (d. 2014), American professional wrestling announcer for the American Wrestling Association (AWA), the voice of Tony the Tiger
  • Brigadier-General James Creel Marshall (1897-1977), American Assistant Chief of Staff, Services of Supply, South West Pacific Area (1943-1945)
  • Thurgood Marshall (1908-1993), American jurist, first African American to serve on the Supreme Court of the United States and recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • Samuel Scott Marshall (1821-1890), American Democrat politician, Member of Illinois State House of Representatives, 1847; Circuit Judge in Illinois, 1851, 1861-64; U.S. Representative from Illinois, 1855-59, 1865-75
  • Schuyler L. Marshall, American Republican politician, Member of Michigan Republican State Central Committee, 1927; Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Michigan, 1928
  • Sharon Marshall, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from South Carolina, 2000
  • Sherrie P. Marshall, American Republican politician, Member, Federal Communications Commission, 1989-93
  • Stan Marshall, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Michigan, 1984
  • Stephen M. Marshall, American politician, Candidate for U.S. Representative from Massachusetts 3rd District, 1912, 1913

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  • Forebears and Descendants of an Early Houston Family by Maudie Marie Holt Marshall.
  • A History of the Marshall and Related Families by Wallace Marshall.
  • Marshall Pioneers and Their Descendants Across Canada and the United States by Joan Jowsey.
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The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Semper virescit virtus
Motto Translation: Virtue always flourishes.

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Marshall Clan Badge
Marshall Clan Badge

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A clan is a social group made up of a number of distinct branch-families that actually descended from, or accepted themselves as descendants of, a common ancestor. The word clan means simply children. The idea of the clan as a community is necessarily based around this idea of heredity and is most often ruled according to a patriarchal structure. For instance, the clan chief represented the hereditary "parent" of the entire clan. The most prominent example of this form of society is the Scottish Clan system...

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Septs of the Distinguished Name Marshall
Marescal, Marescall, Marshal, Marshale, Marshall, Merchel, Mercial, Mersel, Mersell, Mershel, Mershell and more.

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  1. Black, George F. The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3).
  2. Dorward, David. Scottish Surnames. Glasgow: Harper Collins, 1995. Print.
  3. Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
  4. Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1970. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
  5. Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
  6. Catholic Directory For Scotland. Glasgow: Burns Publications. Print.
  7. Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry Including American Families with British Ancestry 2 Volumes. London: Burke Publishing, 1939. Print.
  8. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
  9. Innes, Thomas and Learney. Socts Heraldry A Practical Handbook on the Historical Principles and Modern Application of the Art of Science. London: Oliver and Boyd, 1934. Print.
  10. Moody David. Scottish Family History. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1994. Print. (ISBN 0806312688).
  11. ...

The Marshall Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Marshall Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 24 April 2016 at 14:59.

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