Marshall History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The name Marshall arrived in England after the Norman Conquest of 1066. It is a name for a blacksmith or a person who tended horses deriving its origin from the Old English word marshal, which meant blacksmith. In medieval England, blacksmiths were extremely important because they were employed by the nobility to look after the horses. [1]

Early Origins of the Marshall family

The surname Marshall was first found in various counties in England including Cambridgeshire, Somerset and Oxfordshire where William le Marechal, Gunnilda le Marescall and Robert Marescallus were all recorded respectively in the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273. Later, the Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 lists Willelmus de Scheplay, marciall, and Johannes Mareschall. [2]

Important Dates for the Marshall family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Marshall research. Another 103 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 1084, 1170, 1235, 1540, 1535, 1594, 1655, 1621, 1685, 1672, 1685, 1628, 1680, 1637, 1698 and are included under the topic Early Marshall History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Marshall Spelling Variations

Norman surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are largely due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England, as well as the official court languages of Latin and French, also had pronounced influences on the spelling of surnames. Since medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings. The name has been spelled Marshall, Marshal, Marescal, Marshale and others.

Early Notables of the Marshall family (pre 1700)

Outstanding amongst the family at this time was John Marshal (1170-1235) of Higham, first Baron Marshal; Henry Marshal, Bishop of Exeter; William Marshal, first Earl of Pembroke and regent of England; William Marshall (died c. 1540), an English Protestant reformer, printer, and translator, one of Thomas Cromwell's confidential agents in 1535; Stephen Marshall (c.1594-1655), an English...
Another 55 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Marshall Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Marshall family to Ireland

Some of the Marshall family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 102 words (7 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Marshall migration to the United States

Many English families emigrated to North American colonies in order to escape the political chaos in Britain at this time. Unfortunately, many English families made the trip to the New World under extremely harsh conditions. Overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the stormy Atlantic. Despite these hardships, many of the families prospered and went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the United States and Canada. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Marshall or a variant listed above:

Marshall Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Henry Marshall, who landed in America in 1620 [3]
  • Edward Marshall, who arrived in Virginia in 1621
  • Charle Marshall, who arrived in Virginia in 1623
  • Francis Marshall, who arrived in New England in 1634 aboard the "Christian"
  • Francis Marshall, aged 26, who arrived in Barbados in 1635 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Marshall Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Josias Marshall, who arrived in Virginia in 1701 [3]
  • Angell Marshall, who arrived in Virginia in 1702 [3]
  • Abraham Marshall, who landed in Virginia in 1709 [3]
  • Abraham Marshall, who arrived in Virginia in 1709
  • Angilo Marshall, who landed in Virginia in 1719 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Marshall Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Betty Marshall, aged 19, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1805 [3]
  • Joseph Marshall, who arrived in Ohio in 1812 [3]
  • Elizabeth Marshall, aged 39, who arrived in Massachusetts in 1813 [3]
  • Gilbert Marshall, who landed in Washington County, Pennsylvania in 1818 [3]
  • Andrew Marshall, who landed in Charleston, South Carolina in 1826 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Marshall migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Marshall Settlers in Canada in the 17th Century
  • John Marshall, who was on record in Keels, Newfoundland in 1681 [4]
  • Henry Marshall, who was a boat keeper in St. John's, Newfoundland in 1681 [4]
Marshall Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Josiah Marshall, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749-1752
  • Lascelles Marshall, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • George Marshall, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Jane Marshall, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Charles Marshall, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Marshall Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • John Marshall migrated from Clackmannan to Toronto in 1832
  • Mary, Robert and Thomas Marshall, who all, who sailed to Saint John, New Brunswick in 1834
  • Mary, Robert, and Thomas Marshall and Joseph Marshale, who all, who sailed to Saint John, New Brunswick in 1834
  • Robert Marshall, aged 26, a farmer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1834 aboard the barque "New Brunswick" from Liverpool, England
  • Mary Marshall, aged 22, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1834 aboard the barque "New Brunswick" from Liverpool, England
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Marshall migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Marshall Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Henry Marshall, English convict from Surrey, who was transported aboard the "Albion" on May 17, 1823, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [5]
  • William Marshall, English convict from Herefordshire, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on October 22nd, 1824, settling in New South Wales, Australia [6]
  • William Marshall, a shoemaker, who arrived in Van Diemen’s Land (now Tasmania) sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • Jane Marshall, English convict from Devon, who was transported aboard the "Arab" on December 14, 1835, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [7]
  • James Marshall, who arrived in Holdfast Bay, Australia aboard the ship "Cygnet" in 1836 [8]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Marshall migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Marshall Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • E Marshall, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1830
  • David Watt Marshall, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • Mrs R A Marshall, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship London
  • S Marshall, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • W Marshall, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1840
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Marshall (post 1700)

  • Barry Marshall (b. 1951), Australian physician and Nobel Prize winner famous for his research into stomach ulcers
  • Thurgood Marshall (1908-1993), American jurist, first African American to serve on the Supreme Court of the United States and recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • Garry Marshall (1934-2016), born Garry Kent Masciarelli, an American actor, director, writer, producer and creator of the television shows Happy Days and The Odd Couple, inducted into the Television Hall of Fame in 1997
  • Paule Marshall (1929-2019), American writer, best known for her 1959 debut novel Brown Girl, Brownstones
  • Penny Marshall (1943-2018), American actress, producer and director, recipient of three Golden Globe award nominations
  • Helen M. Marshall (1929-2017), American politician, Borough President of Queens from 2002 to 2013
  • Donald James Marshall (1936-2016), American actor, best known for his role as Dan Erickson in the television show Land of the Giants
  • Bruce Turner Marshall (1962-2016), American ice hockey head coach at Franklin Pierce University
  • James Wilson Marshall (1810-1885), American carpenter and sawmill operator who found gold at Coloma on the American River in California on January 24, 1848, leading to the California Gold Rush
  • John Marshall (1941-2016), American environmentalist, founder of the Florida Environmental Research Institute
  • ... (Another 270 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Marshall family

Halifax Explosion
  • Mr. George Norman  Marshall (1863-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [9]
  • Mr. William  Marshall (1869-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [9]
  • Mrs. Annie  Marshall (1872-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [9]
  • Mr. William  Marshall (1904-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [9]
HMS Cornwall
  • Anthony Reginald Marshall, British Lieutenant aboard the HMS Cornwall when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he survived the sinking [10]
HMS Dorsetshire
  • William Charles Start Marshall (d. 1945), British Able Seaman aboard the HMS Dorsetshire when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he died in the sinking [11]
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. Leslie Marshall, British Engine Room Artificer 4th Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and died in the sinking [12]
  • Mr. George Marshall, British Stoker 2nd Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and died in the sinking [12]
  • Mr. Geoffrey G Marshall, British Ordnance, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [12]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Robert Marshall, British Marine, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [13]
  • Mr. John William Marshall, British Marine, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking, was killed in action [13]
  • Mr. Edward T Marshall, British Petty Officer, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [13]
  • Mr. Ernest Marshall (b. 1921), English Ordinary Seaman from Norwich, England, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died in the sinking [13]
HMS Royal Oak
  • Frederick Marshall (1921-1939), British Boy 1st Class with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [14]
RMS Lusitania
  • Mr. James Marshall, English First Waiter from Waterloo, Lancashire, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [15]
  • Mrs. Fannie E. Marshall, Canadian 3rd Class passenger from Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [16]
USS Arizona
  • Mr. Thomas Donald Marshall, American Seaman Second Class from California, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [17]

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Citations

  1. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  2. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0
  5. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Albion voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1823 with 200 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/albion/1823
  6. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1824 with 9 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1824
  7. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Arab voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1835 with 132 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/arab/1835
  8. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Cygnet arrived Holdfast Bay, Adealide Sept. 11, 1836. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1836Cygnet.htm
  9. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  10. ^ Force Z Survivors Crew List HMS Cornwall (Retrieved 2018, February 13th) - Retrieved from https://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listcornwallcrew.html#A
  11. ^ Force Z Survivors HMS Dorsetshire Crew List, (Retrieved 2018, February 13th), https://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listdorsetshirecrew.html
  12. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  13. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  14. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  15. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 7) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  16. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  17. ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html
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