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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016
Origins Available: English, Scottish
The name Marshall arrived in England after the Norman Conquest of 1066. It is a name for a blacksmith or a person who tended horses deriving its origin from the Old English word marshal, which meant blacksmith. In medieval England, blacksmiths were extremely important because they were employed by the nobility to look after the horses.
Norman surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are largely due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England, as well as the official court languages of Latin and French, also had pronounced influences on the spelling of surnames. Since medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings. The name has been spelled Marshall, Marshal, Marescal, Marshale and others.
First found in Wiltshire, where they established themselves after the Norman Conquest.
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Marshall research. Another 205 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1084, 1170, 1235, 1594, 1655, 1621, 1685, 1672, 1685, 1628, 1680, 1637, 1698 and are included under the topic Early Marshall History in all our PDF Extended History products.
Another 165 words (12 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Marshall Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.
Some of the Marshall family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 191 words (14 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.
Many English families emigrated to North American colonies in order to escape the political chaos in Britain at this time. Unfortunately, many English families made the trip to the New World under extremely harsh conditions. Overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the stormy Atlantic. Despite these hardships, many of the families prospered and went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the United States and Canada. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Marshall or a variant listed above:
Marshall Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- Henry Marshall, who landed in America in 1620
- Edward Marshall, who arrived in Virginia in 1621
- Charle Marshall, who arrived in Virginia in 1623
- Francis Marshall, who arrived in New England in 1634 aboard the "Christian"
- Francis Marshall, aged 26, arrived in Barbados in 1635
Marshall Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- Josias Marshall, who arrived in Virginia in 1701
- Angell Marshall, who arrived in Virginia in 1702
- Abraham Marshall, who landed in Virginia in 1709
- Abraham Marshall, who arrived in Virginia in 1709
- Angilo Marshall, who landed in Virginia in 1719
Marshall Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- Betty Marshall, aged 19, arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1805
- Joseph Marshall, who arrived in Ohio in 1812
- Elizabeth Marshall, aged 39, arrived in Massachusetts in 1813
- Gilbert Marshall, who landed in Washington County, Pennsylvania in 1818
- Andrew Marshall, who landed in Charleston, South Carolina in 1826
Marshall Settlers in Canada in the 17th Century
- John Marshall, who was on record in Keels, Newfoundland in 1681
- Henry Marshall, who was a boat keeper in St. Johns in 1681
Marshall Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
- Josiah Marshall, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749-1752
- Lascelles Marshall, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749
- George Marshall, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749
- Jane Marshall, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
- Charles Marshall, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
Marshall Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
- John Marshall migrated from Clackmannan to Toronto in 1832
- Mary, Robert and Thomas Marshall, who all sailed to St. John New Brunswick in 1834
- Mary, Robert, and Thomas Marshall and Joseph Marshale, who all sailed to St. John New Brunswick in 1834
- Robert Marshall, aged 26, a farmer, arrived in Saint John, NB in 1834 aboard the barque "New Brunswick" from Liverpool
- Mary Marshall, aged 22, arrived in Saint John, NB in 1834 aboard the barque "New Brunswick" from Liverpool
Marshall Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- Henry Marshall, English convict from Surrey, who was transported aboard the "Albion" on May 17, 1823, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia
- William Marshall, English convict from Herefordshire, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on October 22nd, 1824, settling in New South Wales, Australia
- William Marshall, a shoemaker, arrived in Van Diemenís Land (now Tasmania) sometime between 1825 and 1832
- Jane Marshall, English convict from Devon, who was transported aboard the "Arab" on December 14, 1835, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Austraila
- James Marshall arrived in Holdfast Bay, Australia aboard the ship "Cygnet" in 1836
Marshall Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- E Marshall landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1830
- David Watt Marshall landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
- Mrs R A Marshall landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship London
- S Marshall landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
- W Marshall landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1840
- John Marshall (1941-2016), American environmentalist, founder of the Florida Environmental Research Institute
- Lee Marshall (d. 2014), American professional wrestling announcer for the American Wrestling Association (AWA), the voice of Tony the Tiger
- Brigadier-General James Creel Marshall (1897-1977), American Assistant Chief of Staff, Services of Supply, South West Pacific Area (1943-1945)
- Thurgood Marshall (1908-1993), American jurist, first African American to serve on the Supreme Court of the United States and recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
- Samuel Scott Marshall (1821-1890), American Democrat politician, Member of Illinois State House of Representatives, 1847; Circuit Judge in Illinois, 1851, 1861-64; U.S. Representative from Illinois, 1855-59, 1865-75
- Schuyler L. Marshall, American Republican politician, Member of Michigan Republican State Central Committee, 1927; Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Michigan, 1928
- Sharon Marshall, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from South Carolina, 2000
- Sherrie P. Marshall, American Republican politician, Member, Federal Communications Commission, 1989-93
- Stan Marshall, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Michigan, 1984
- Stephen M. Marshall, American politician, Candidate for U.S. Representative from Massachusetts 3rd District, 1912, 1913
- Forebears and Descendants of an Early Houston Family by Maudie Marie Holt Marshall.
- A History of the Marshall and Related Families by Wallace Marshall.
- Marshall Pioneers and Their Descendants Across Canada and the United States by Joan Jowsey.
- The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X).
- Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1790. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
- Marcharn, Frederick George. A Constitutional History of Modern England 1485 to the Present. London: Harper and Brothers, 1960. Print.
- Filby, P. William and Mary K Meyer. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index in Four Volumes. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Print. (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8).
- Lennard, Reginald. Rural England 1086-1135 A Study of Social and Agrarian Conditions. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959. Print.
- Bede, The Venerable. Historia Ecclesiatica Gentis Anglorum (The Ecclesiastical History Of the English People). Available through Internet Medieval Sourcebook the Fordham University Centre for Medieval Studies. Print.
- Markale, J. Celtic Civilization. London: Gordon & Cremonesi, 1976. Print.
- Samuelsen, W. David. New York City Passenger List Manifests Index 1820 - 1824. North Salt Lake, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems International, 1986. Print.
- Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
- Mills, A.D. Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4).
The Marshall Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Marshall Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.
This page was last modified on 10 April 2016 at 05:17.
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