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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016
The Anglo-Saxon name Cross comes from the family having resided as dwellers at a cross or crucifix. The surname Cross originally derived from the Old English word crosse, which means cross.
The surname Cross was first found in Lincolnshire. The name was first found to be in the southern English counties of Lincolnshire, Buckingham, and Oxfordshire, about the year 1250. By the year 1340 the most important branch of the name had moved northward to Lancashire, and established manors and estates at Crosse Hall, just outside Liverpool. This branch also moved into the Cross of Ledsham to the south in the county of Cheshire.
Cross has been spelled many different ways, including Before English spelling became standardized over the last few hundred years, spelling variations in names were a common occurrence. As the English language changed in the Middle Ages, absorbing pieces of Latin and French, as well as other languages, the spelling of people's names also changed considerably, even over a single lifetime. Cross, Crosse, Croce, Crosce, Croise, Croice and others.
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cross research. Another 147 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1718, 1606, 1683, 1664, 1738, 1700, 1762 and are included under the topic Early Cross History in all our PDF Extended History products.
Another 49 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cross Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.
Some of the Cross family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 101 words (7 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.
In an attempt to escape the chaos experienced in England, many English families boarded overcrowded and diseased ships sailing for the shores of North America and other British colonies. Those families hardy enough, and lucky enough, to make the passage intact were rewarded with land and a social environment less prone to religious and political persecution. Many of these families became important contributors to the young colonies in which they settled. Early immigration and passenger lists have documented some of the first Crosss to arrive on North American shores:
Cross Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- John Cross, who landed in Ipswich, Massachusetts in 1635
- Robert Cross, who arrived in Ipswich, Massachusetts in 1639
- Katherine Cross, who arrived in Virginia in 1643
- Nich Cross, who arrived in Virginia in 1643
- Jane Cross, who arrived in Virginia in 1649
Cross Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- Cha Cross, who landed in Virginia in 1705
- Francis Cross, who arrived in Virginia in 1711
- Richd Cross, who landed in Virginia in 1739
- Ellioner Cross, who arrived in Virginia in 1743
- William Cross, who arrived in Georgia in 1743
Cross Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- Elizabeth Cross, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1811
- James, Cross Jr., aged 23, landed in New York in 1812
- Margaret Cross, who landed in New York, NY in 1815
- Sarah Cross, aged 28, arrived in America in 1822
- Daniel Cross, who arrived in Charleston, South Carolina in 1828
Cross Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
- Mr. Cross, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
- Ebenezer Cross, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
- Wm Cross, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
- Mr. Henry Cross U.E who settled in Eastern District [Cornwall], Ontario c. 1783
- Mr. John Cross, "Crofs" Sr., U.E. who settled in South Stormont, Ontario c. 1783
Cross Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
- Caldwell Cross, aged 19, a carpenter, arrived in Saint John, NB aboard the ship "Leslie Gault" in 1833
- Laurence Cross, aged 23, a labourer, arrived in Saint John, NB in 1834 aboard the brig "Sea Horse" from Galway
Cross Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- John Cross, English convict from Cambridge, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on October 22nd, 1824, settling in New South Wales, Australia
- William Cross, a blacksmith, arrived in Van Diemenís Land (now Tasmania) sometime between 1825 and 1832
- Charles Cross, English convict from Northampton, who was transported aboard the "Arab" on February 22, 1834, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Austraila
- James Cross arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Prince George" in 1838
- Mary Cross arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Prince George" in 1838
Cross Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- John Cross, aged 27, a farm labourer, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bolton" in 1840
- George Cross, aged 17, a farm labourer, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bolton" in 1840
- William Cross landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
- Henry Cross, aged 27, a baker, arrived in Port Nicholson aboard the ship "Lady Nugent" in 1841
- James Smith Cross arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Whitby" in 1841
- Julian La Cross, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Texas, 1924
- Mr. Charles Ivor Cross (d. 1915), American 3rd Class passenger from Camden, New Jersey, USA, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking
- William Jarrel "Billy" Cross (1929-2013), nicknamed "Canadian Comet," an American NFL football running back for the Chicago Cardinals and the Toronto Argonauts
- Dennis Cross (1924-1991), American actor, best known for his role on the television series The Blue Angels
- Christopher Cross (b. 1951), born Christopher Charles Geppert, American five-time Grammy award winner and Golden Globe winning singer-songwriter
- Amos C. Cross (1860-1888), American Major League baseball player
- Alvin B. Cross, American politician, Member of New Hampshire State Senate 10th District, 1911-12
- Alton W. Cross, American Democrat politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Pennsylvania, 1952
- Abraham Cross, American politician, Farmer-Labor Candidate for New York State Assembly from Bronx County 4th District, 1921
- A. L. Cross, American Democrat politician, Member of Nevada State House of Representatives, 1950
- A Lineal Genealogy of the Wilson Cross Family and Allied Families by Lillian E. Good.
- My Cross and Hand Families by Jeanne Hand Henry.
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Cruce dum spero fido
Motto Translation: Whilst I have breath I confide in the cross.
- Elster, Robert J. International Who's Who. London: Europa/Routledge. Print.
- Humble, Richard. The Fall of Saxon England. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-88029-987-8).
- Cook, Chris. English Historical Facts 1603-1688. London: MacMillan, 1980. Print.
- Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds. Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8).
- Browning, Charles H. Americans of Royal Descent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
- Shirley, Evelyn Philip. Noble and Gentle Men of England Or Notes Touching The Arms and Descendants of the Ancient Knightley and Gentle Houses of England Arranged in their Respective Counties 3rd Edition. Westminster: John Bowyer Nichols and Sons, 1866. Print.
- Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
- Reaney P.H and R.M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X).
- Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage, The Privy Council, Knightage and Compainonage. London: Burke Publishing, 1921. Print.
- Markale, J. Celtic Civilization. London: Gordon & Cremonesi, 1976. Print.
The Cross Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Cross Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.
This page was last modified on 3 May 2016 at 21:48.
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