Cromwill History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The present generation of the Cromwill family is only the most recent to bear a name that dates back to the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture of Britain. Their name comes from having lived in the parish of Cromwell in the county of Nottinghamshire, a diocese of Lincolnshire.

Early Origins of the Cromwill family

The surname Cromwill was first found in Lincolnshire at Tattershall where they claim descent from the time of King John as Lords Cromwell of Tateshall (Tattershall) Castle. [1]

Some of the earliest records of the name include: Ralph de Cromwella, de Crumwella who was listed in the Pipe Rolls of 1177 and 1199 of Nottinghamshire. [2] John de Cromwell (d. c. 1335) was the 1st Baron Cromwell.

"The manor-house [of South Wingfield, Derbyshire], now an interesting ruin, was a splendid edifice, erected by Ralph, Lord Cromwell, in the reign of Henry VI., and afterwards, for several generations, one of the principal seats of the earls of Shrewsbury. Mary, Queen of Scots, while in the custody of George, the sixth earl, passed some months here in 1569, and was also here in Nov. and Dec. 1584." [3]

Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658), one of most controversial figures in the history of the British Isles was born in Huntingdon. By 1653, he was the 1st Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland, a position that held held until his death of natural causes. He was buried in Westminster Abbey, but when the Royalists returned to power in 1660, they had his corpse dug up, hung in chains, and beheaded.

Important Dates for the Cromwill family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cromwill research. Another 267 words (19 lines of text) covering the years 1066, 1485, 1540, 1534, 1539, 1540, 1655, 1589, 1625, 1599, 1658, 1644, 1658, 1598, 1665, 1624, 1668, 1653, 1682, 1625, 1687, 1628, 1674, 1653, 1660, 1626, 1712, 1658, 1659, 1637 and 1713 are included under the topic Early Cromwill History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Cromwill Spelling Variations

Until the dictionary, an invention of only the last few hundred years, the English language lacked any comprehensive system of spelling rules. Consequently, spelling variations in names are frequently found in early Anglo-Saxon and later Anglo-Norman documents. One person's name was often spelled several different ways over a lifetime. The recorded variations of Cromwill include Cromwell, Cromwelle, Cromville, Cromewell, Cromwill, Cromwille, Cromevill, Cromnvell and many more.

Early Notables of the Cromwill family (pre 1700)

Distinguished members of the family include Sir Oliver Cromwell (died 1655), an English landowner, lawyer and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1589 and 1625, uncle of Oliver Cromwell; Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658); an English military and political leader and later Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland, Lieutenant General of horse in Manchester's army in 1644, supporter of the king's trial and execution, believing that killing Charles was the only way to end the civil wars, became extremely ill in 1658 resulting in death; Elizabeth Cromwell (née Bourchier) (1598-1665) , wife of...
Another 105 words (8 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cromwill Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Cromwill family

Thousands of English families boarded ships sailing to the New World in the hope of escaping the unrest found in England at this time. Although the search for opportunity and freedom from persecution abroad took the lives of many because of the cramped conditions and unsanitary nature of the vessels, the opportunity perceived in the growing colonies of North America beckoned. Many of the settlers who survived the journey went on to make important contributions to the transplanted cultures of their adopted countries. The Cromwill were among these contributors, for they have been located in early North American records: Giles Cromwell who settled in Newbury in 1648; John Cromwell settled in Boston in 1652; Samuel Cromwell settled in North America in 1634;, Phillip Cromwell settled there in 1657..

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Citations

  1. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  2. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  3. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
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