In the ancient Scottish-English border region, the ancestors of the name Critton lived among the Boernicians
. They lived near a border. This surname came from the Gaelic word crioch
and the Old English word tune,
which mean border
and farm or settlement,
respectively. Thus, the surname indicates that the original bearer lived near a border. The name may also have derived from a place name, such as Crichton, near Edinburgh, or the territories of Kreiton in Lothian.
Early Origins of the Critton family
The surname Critton was first found in Midlothian
, where they held a family seat
from very ancient times, some say well before the Norman Conquest
and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D. The first on record was Turstan Crectune, who was granted lands by King David of Scotland
in 1128. Alexander and Thomas Creighton both having territories in Berwickshire
rendered homage to King Edward I
on his brief conquest of Scotland
, in 1296. CITATION[CLOSE]
Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
Early History of the Critton family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Critton research.Another 177 words (13 lines of text) covering the years 1514, 1450, 1585, 1543, 1612, 1593, 1672, 1598, 1691, 1560, 1582, 1902, 1797 and are included under the topic Early Critton History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Critton Spelling Variations
Spelling rules only evolved in the last few centuries with the invention of the printing press and the first dictionaries. Spelling variations
are extremely common in names from before that period. Critton has been spelled Crichton, Creighton, Creaton, Craighton, Creton, Creeton, Crichten, Crighton, Chreichton, Creichtone, Creychton, Creychtoun and many more.
Early Notables of the Critton family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the family at this time was Lord Crichton, Viscount Frendraught; William Crichton, 1st Lord Crichton of Sanquhar (died 1450s) ; Robert Crichton (died 1585), Catholic cleric, nephew of George Crichton, (d. 1543), Bishop of Dunkeld; and Robert Crichton, 6th Lord Sanquhar (died 1612); Robert Creighton or Crichton (1593-1672), a Scottish royalist churchman, Bishop of Bath and Wells; William Crichton (1598-1691), 2nd Earl of Dumfries; and James Crichton of... Another 69 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Critton Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Critton family to Ireland
Some of the Critton family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 80 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Critton family to the New World and Oceana
After making their great crossing, many Boernician-Scottish families settled along the east coast of North America. When the War of Independence
broke out, United Empire Loyalists moved north to Canada while the rest stayed to fight. The ancestors of many of these Scots still populate the continent. This century, through Clan
societies and other Scottish organizations, they began to rediscover their collective national heritage. Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Critton or a variant listed above:
Critton Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- James Critton, who settled in Potomac Maryland in 1747
- ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)