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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2015

Origins Available: Scottish-Alt, Scottish

Where did the Scottish Crawford family come from? What is the Scottish Crawford family crest and coat of arms? When did the Crawford family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Crawford family history?

The surname Crawford is a topographic surname, which was given to a person who resided near a physical feature such as a hill, stream, church, or type of tree. Habitation names form the other broad category of surnames that were derived from place-names. They were derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads. Other local names are derived from the names of houses, manors, estates, regions, and entire counties. As a general rule, the greater the distance between an individual and their homeland, the larger the territory they were named after. For example, a person who only moved to another parish would be known by the name of their original village, while people who migrated to a different country were often known by the name of a region or country from which they came. The name Crawford is derived from the Old English words "crawa," which means "crow," and "ford," which means "a river crossing," and indicates that the original bearer lived near a ford where crows nested.

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Spelling variations of this family name include: Crawford, Crawfurd, Craufurd, Crawferd, Crawfford, Crafford, Craford, Crafort, Crayford and many more.

First found in Lanarkshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Lannraig) a former county in the central Strathclyde region of Scotland, now divided into the Council Areas of North Lanarkshire, South Lanarkshire, and the City of Glasgow, where the family resided in this area as early as the 11th century when Alan, the youngest son of the 4th Earl of Richmond, received a large grant of lands from King William the Conqueror. When King David of Scotland moved north to assume the throne in 1130, some Crawfords accompanied him on his journey. Galfredus Crawford would gain lands in Clydesdale and his son, Sir Reginald, acquired the barony of Loudoun, from which a significant branch of the Campbells would develop. Later, Reginald de Crauford, John de Crauford and William de Crauford are all recorded as paying homage to Edward I in 1296.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Crawford research. Another 211 words(15 lines of text) covering the years 1240, 1297, 1530, 1603, 1625, 1710, 1643 and are included under the topic Early Crawford History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 147 words(10 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Crawford Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the Crawford family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 99 words(7 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Crawford Settlers in United States in the 17th Century


  • Ann Crawford, who settled in Augusta Co. Virginia in 1640
  • Stephen Crawford, who landed in Massachusetts in 1649
  • Donald Crawford, who landed in New Jersey in 1685

Crawford Settlers in United States in the 18th Century


  • Tho Crawford, who arrived in Virginia in 1703
  • Aaron Crawford, who landed in New England in 1721
  • Ann Crawford, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1740
  • Samuel Crawford, who landed in Virginia in 1740
  • Margaret Crawford, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1740


Crawford Settlers in United States in the 19th Century


  • Geo Crawford, aged 19, landed in New York, NY in 1804
  • Edwd Crawford, who landed in New York, NY in 1804
  • Josias Crawford, who arrived in America in 1805
  • Robt Crawford, who arrived in America in 1805
  • Robert Crawford, who landed in America in 1806


Crawford Settlers in United States in the 20th Century


  • Duncan Crawford, who arrived in Arkansas in 1906

Crawford Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century


  • Charles Crawford, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Francis Crawford, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Andrew Crawford, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1774
  • Gideon Crawford, aged 39, landed in Fort Cumberland, Nova Scotia in 1775
  • Mr. Bryan Crawford U.E who settled in Fredericksburgh, Cataraqui township, [Greater Napanee], Ontario c. 1783


Crawford Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century


  • Peter Crawford, aged 25, a labourer, arrived in Saint John, NB in 1833 aboard the ship "Augusta" from Liverpool
  • Thomas Crawford, aged 26, a labourer, arrived in Saint John, NB in 1834 aboard the schooner "Sarah" from Belfast
  • Mary Crawford, aged 28, arrived in Saint John, NB in 1834 aboard the schooner "Sarah" from Belfast
  • Elizabeth Crawford, aged 32, arrived in Saint John aboard the ship "Eleanor Gordon" in 1834
  • Elizabeth Crawford, aged 15, arrived in Saint John aboard the ship "Eleanor Gordon" in 1834


Crawford Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century


  • John Crawford, English convict from Lancaster, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on April 1st, 1822, settling in New South Wales, Austraila
  • John Crawford, English convict from Sussex, who was transported aboard the "Arab" on February 22, 1834, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Austraila
  • Dougald Crawford arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Duke of Roxburghe" in 1838
  • Charlotte Crawford arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Duke of Roxburghe" in 1838
  • John Crawford arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Lord Goderich" in 1838


Crawford Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century


  • J. C. Crawford arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Success" in 1839
  • Mrs Crawford landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship Staines Castle
  • George Crawford, aged 27, a farm servant, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bengal Merchant" in 1840
  • George Crawford landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship Bengal Merchant
  • J Crawford landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1841


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  • Ralston Crawford (1906-1978), American (Canadian born) painter
  • Cynthia Anne "Cindy" Crawford (b. 1966), American fashion supermodel, the highest paid model according to Forbes in 1995
  • Thomas Crawford (1814-1857), American sculptor
  • Master Sergeant William J. Crawford (1918-2000), American Army soldier awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor in 1943
  • Alexander Crawford (1842-1886), American Civil War sailor and Medal of Honor recipient
  • George W. Crawford (1798-1872), American politician, 38th Governor of Georgia (1843 to 1847)
  • Joan Crawford (1905-1977), born Lucille Fay LeSueur, American actress in film, television and theatre
  • Major-General Alden Rudyard Crawford (1900-1978), American Commanding General 12th Air Force (1949-1950)
  • Brigadier-General David McLean Crawford (1889-1963), American Air Defense Officer, Headquarters US Army Air Force (1941-1942)
  • Mrs. S O Crawford, American passenger from USA, who flew aboard American Airlines Flight 191 and died in the crash on May 25, 1979

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  • Ancestors and Friends: A History and Genealogy by William Lusk Crawford.
  • Byram-Crawford and Allied Families Genealogy by Eunice Byram Roberts.
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The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Tutem te robore reddam
Motto Translation: I will make thee safe by my strength

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Crawford Clan Badge
Crawford Clan Badge

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A clan is a social group made up of a number of distinct branch-families that actually descended from, or accepted themselves as descendants of, a common ancestor. The word clan means simply children. The idea of the clan as a community is necessarily based around this idea of heredity and is most often ruled according to a patriarchal structure. For instance, the clan chief represented the hereditary "parent" of the entire clan. The most prominent example of this form of society is the Scottish Clan system...

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Septs of the Distinguished Name Crawford
Crafard, Crafarde, Crafart, Crafarte, Crafeard, Crafearde, Crafeart, Craferd, Crafert, Craffard, Craffarde, Craffart, Craffarte, Craffeard, Craffearde, Craffeart, Crafferd, Craffert, Craffith, Craffithy, Crafford, Crafforde, Craffork, Crafforth, Crafforthe, Crafforthy, Crafith, Crafithy, Craford, Craforde, Crafork, Crafort, Craforth, Craforthe, Craforthy, Craufard, Craufarde, Craufart, Craufarte, Craufeard, Craufearde, Craufeart, Crauferd, Craufert, Craufith, Craufithy, Crauforde, Craufork, Crauforth, Crauforthe and more.

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  1. Browning, Charles H. Americans of Royal Descent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  2. Scots Kith and Kin And Illustrated Map Revised 2nd Edition. Edinburgh: Clan House/Albyn. Print.
  3. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
  4. Burke, John Bernard Ed. The Roll of Battle Abbey. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  5. Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
  6. Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage, The Privy Council, Knightage and Compainonage. London: Burke Publishing, 1921. Print.
  7. Skene, William Forbes Edition. Chronicles of the Picts, Chronicles of the Scots and Other Early Memorials of Scottish History. Edinburgh: H.M. General Register House, 1867. Print.
  8. Innes, Thomas and Learney. Socts Heraldry A Practical Handbook on the Historical Principles and Modern Application of the Art of Science. London: Oliver and Boyd, 1934. Print.
  9. Prebble, John. The Highland Clearances. London: Secker & Warburg, 1963. Print.
  10. Barrow, G.W.S Ed. Acts of Malcom IV 1153-65 Volume I Regesta Regum Scottorum 1153-1424. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1960. Print.
  11. ...

The Crawford Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Crawford Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 2 May 2015 at 18:23.

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