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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016

Origins Available: Scottish-Alt, Scottish


The surname Crawford is a topographic surname, which was given to a person who resided near a physical feature such as a hill, stream, church, or type of tree. Habitation names form the other broad category of surnames that were derived from place-names. They were derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads. Other local names are derived from the names of houses, manors, estates, regions, and entire counties. As a general rule, the greater the distance between an individual and their homeland, the larger the territory they were named after. For example, a person who only moved to another parish would be known by the name of their original village, while people who migrated to a different country were often known by the name of a region or country from which they came. The name Crawford is derived from the Old English words "crawa," which means "crow," and "ford," which means "a river crossing," and indicates that the original bearer lived near a ford where crows nested.

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The surname Crawford was first found in Lanarkshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Lannraig) a former county in the central Strathclyde region of Scotland, now divided into the Council Areas of North Lanarkshire, South Lanarkshire, and the City of Glasgow, where the family resided in this area as early as the 11th century when Alan, the youngest son of the 4th Earl of Richmond, received a large grant of lands from King William the Conqueror. When King David of Scotland moved north to assume the throne in 1130, some Crawfords accompanied him on his journey. Galfredus Crawford would gain lands in Clydesdale and his son, Sir Reginald, acquired the barony of Loudoun, from which a significant branch of the Campbells would develop. Later, Reginald de Crauford, John de Crauford and William de Crauford are all recorded as paying homage to Edward I in 1296.

Spelling variations of this family name include: Crawford, Crawfurd, Craufurd, Crawferd, Crawfford, Crafford, Craford, Crafort, Crayford and many more.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Crawford research. Another 211 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1240, 1297, 1530, 1603, 1625, 1710, 1643 and are included under the topic Early Crawford History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Notable among the family at this time was Sir Ronald Crawford ( c. 1240-1297), 4th Sheriff of Ayrshire, Chief of Clan Crawford, and Lord of Loudon Castle; Captain Thomas Crawford (1530-1603) of Jordanhill, trusted confidant of Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, husband of...

Another 41 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Crawford Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Some of the Crawford family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 99 words (7 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Crawford Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Ann Crawford, who settled in Augusta Co. Virginia in 1640
  • Stephen Crawford, who landed in Massachusetts in 1649
  • Donald Crawford, who landed in New Jersey in 1685

Crawford Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Tho Crawford, who arrived in Virginia in 1703
  • Aaron Crawford, who landed in New England in 1721
  • Ann Crawford, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1740
  • Samuel Crawford, who landed in Virginia in 1740
  • Margaret Crawford, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1740
  • ...

Crawford Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Geo Crawford, aged 19, landed in New York, NY in 1804
  • Edward Crawford, who landed in New York, NY in 1804
  • Josias Crawford, who arrived in America in 1805
  • Robert Crawford, who arrived in America in 1805
  • Robert Crawford, who landed in America in 1806
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Crawford Settlers in United States in the 20th Century

  • Duncan Crawford, who arrived in Arkansas in 1906

Crawford Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • Charles Crawford, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Francis Crawford, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Mary Crawford, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Andrew Crawford, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1774
  • Gideon Crawford, aged 39, landed in Fort Cumberland, Nova Scotia in 1775
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Crawford Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • Peter Crawford, aged 25, a labourer, arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the ship "Augusta" from Liverpool, England
  • Thomas Crawford, aged 26, a labourer, arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1834 aboard the schooner "Sarah" from Belfast, Ireland
  • Mary Crawford, aged 28, arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1834 aboard the schooner "Sarah" from Belfast, Ireland
  • Elizabeth Crawford, aged 32, arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Eleanor Gordon" in 1834
  • Elizabeth Crawford, aged 15, arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Eleanor Gordon" in 1834
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Crawford Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • John Crawford, English convict from Lancaster, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on April 1st, 1822, settling in New South Wales, Austraila
  • John Crawford, English convict from Sussex, who was transported aboard the "Arab" on February 22, 1834, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Austraila
  • Dougald Crawford arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Duke of Roxburghe" in 1838
  • Charlotte Crawford arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Duke of Roxburghe" in 1838
  • John Crawford arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Lord Goderich" in 1838
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Crawford Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • J. C. Crawford arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Success" in 1839
  • Mrs Crawford landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship Staines Castle
  • George Crawford, aged 27, a farm servant, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bengal Merchant" in 1840
  • George Crawford landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship Bengal Merchant
  • J Crawford landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1841
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  • Wayne David Crawford (1942-2016), American Breckenridge Festival of Film Award winning film and television actor, and film producer, screenwriter, and director, best known for his owrk on Valley Girl (1983)
  • William A. "Bill" Crawford (1936-2015), American politician, Member of the Indiana House of Representatives (1972-2012)
  • Brigadier-General David McLean Crawford (1889-1963), American Air Defense Officer, Headquarters US Army Air Force (1941-1942)
  • Major-General Alden Rudyard Crawford (1900-1978), American Commanding General 12th Air Force (1949-1950)
  • Joan Crawford (1905-1977), born Lucille Fay LeSueur, American actress in film, television and theatre
  • George W. Crawford (1798-1872), American politician, 38th Governor of Georgia (1843 to 1847)
  • Alexander Crawford (1842-1886), American Civil War sailor and Medal of Honor recipient
  • Cynthia Anne "Cindy" Crawford (b. 1966), American fashion supermodel, the highest paid model according to Forbes in 1995
  • Ralston Crawford (1906-1978), American (Canadian born) painter
  • Master Sergeant William J. Crawford (1918-2000), American Army soldier awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor in 1943
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Crawford Historic Events



Empress of Ireland

  • Mrs. May Crawford (1893-1914), Canadian Third Class Passenger from Toronto, Ontario, Canada who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking on May 29th 1914

Flight 191

  • Mrs. S O Crawford, American passenger from USA, who flew aboard American Airlines Flight 191 and died in the crash on May 25, 1979

HMAS Sydney II

  • Mr. Thomas Alfred Crawford (1912-1941), English Acting Able Seaman from Bromsgrove, Worchester, England, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II on the 19th November 1941 and died during the sinking

HMS Hood

  • Mr. William M Crawford (b. 1923), Scottish Boy 1st Class serving for the Royal Navy from Coatsbridge, Lanarkshire, Scotland, who sailed into battle on the HMS Hood and died on 24th May 1941 in the sinking

HMS Repulse

  • Mr. Kenneth M C R Crawford, British Ordinary Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking

RMS Lusitania

  • Mr. Thomas Crawford, English Third Butcher from England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking

RMS Titanic

  • Mr. Alfred Crawford, aged 36, English Bedroom Steward from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and survived the sinking by escaping in life boat 8
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  • Ancestors and Friends: A History and Genealogy by William Lusk Crawford.
  • Byram-Crawford and Allied Families Genealogy by Eunice Byram Roberts.
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The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Tutem te robore reddam
Motto Translation: I will make thee safe by my strength

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Crawford Clan Badge
Crawford Clan Badge

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A clan is a social group made up of a number of distinct branch-families that actually descended from, or accepted themselves as descendants of, a common ancestor. The word clan means simply children. The idea of the clan as a community is necessarily based around this idea of heredity and is most often ruled according to a patriarchal structure. For instance, the clan chief represented the hereditary "parent" of the entire clan. The most prominent example of this form of society is the Scottish Clan system...

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Septs of the Distinguished Name Crawford
Crafard, Crafarde, Crafart, Crafarte, Crafeard, Crafearde, Crafeart, Craferd, Crafert, Craffard, Craffarde, Craffart, Craffarte, Craffeard, Craffearde, Craffeart, Crafferd, Craffert, Craffith, Craffithy, Crafford, Crafforde, Craffork, Crafforth, Crafforthe, Crafforthy, Crafith, Crafithy, Craford, Craforde, Crafork, Crafort, Craforth, Craforthe, Craforthy, Craufard, Craufarde, Craufart, Craufarte, Craufeard, Craufearde, Craufeart, Crauferd, Craufert, Craufith, Craufithy, Crauforde, Craufork, Crauforth, Crauforthe and more.

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Citations



    Other References

    1. Hinde, Thomas Ed. The Domesday Book England's Heritage Then and Now. Surrey: Colour Library Books, 1995. Print. (ISBN 1-85833-440-3).
    2. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Galveston Texas 1896-1951. National Archives Washington DC. Print.
    3. Scots Kith and Kin And Illustrated Map Revised 2nd Edition. Edinburgh: Clan House/Albyn. Print.
    4. Urquhart, Blair Edition. Tartans The New Compact Study Guide and Identifier. Secauccus, NJ: Chartwell Books, 1994. Print. (ISBN 0-7858-0050-6).
    5. Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
    6. Skene, William Forbes Edition. Chronicles of the Picts, Chronicles of the Scots and Other Early Memorials of Scottish History. Edinburgh: H.M. General Register House, 1867. Print.
    7. Fulton, Alexander. Scotland and Her Tartans: The Romantic Heritage of the Scottish Clans and Families. Godalming: Bramley, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-86283-880-0).
    8. Black, George F. The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3).
    9. Scarlett, James D. Tartan The Highland Textile. London: Shepheard-Walwyn, 1990. Print. (ISBN 0-85683-120-4).
    10. Dorward, David. Scottish Surnames. Glasgow: Harper Collins, 1995. Print.
    11. ...

    The Crawford Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Crawford Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 6 July 2016 at 15:41.

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