An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016
Origins Available: Scottish-Alt, Scottish
The surname Crawford is a topographic surname, which was given to a person who resided near a physical feature such as a hill, stream, church, or type of tree. Habitation names form the other broad category of surnames that were derived from place-names. They were derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads. Other local names are derived from the names of houses, manors, estates, regions, and entire counties. As a general rule, the greater the distance between an individual and their homeland, the larger the territory they were named after. For example, a person who only moved to another parish would be known by the name of their original village, while people who migrated to a different country were often known by the name of a region or country from which they came. The name Crawford is derived from the Old English words "crawa," which means "crow," and "ford," which means "a river crossing," and indicates that the original bearer lived near a ford where crows nested.
Spelling variations of this family name include: Crawford, Crawfurd, Craufurd, Crawferd, Crawfford, Crafford, Craford, Crafort, Crayford and many more.
First found in Lanarkshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Lannraig) a former county in the central Strathclyde region of Scotland, now divided into the Council Areas of North Lanarkshire, South Lanarkshire, and the City of Glasgow, where the family resided in this area as early as the 11th century when Alan, the youngest son of the 4th Earl of Richmond, received a large grant of lands from King William the Conqueror. When King David of Scotland moved north to assume the throne in 1130, some Crawfords accompanied him on his journey. Galfredus Crawford would gain lands in Clydesdale and his son, Sir Reginald, acquired the barony of Loudoun, from which a significant branch of the Campbells would develop. Later, Reginald de Crauford, John de Crauford and William de Crauford are all recorded as paying homage to Edward I in 1296.
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Crawford research. Another 211 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1240, 1297, 1530, 1603, 1625, 1710, 1643 and are included under the topic Early Crawford History in all our PDF Extended History products.
Another 147 words (10 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Crawford Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.
Some of the Crawford family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 99 words (7 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.
Some of the first settlers of this family name were:
Crawford Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
Crawford Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
Crawford Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
Crawford Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
Crawford Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
Crawford Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
Crawford Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
Crawford Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Tutem te robore reddam
Motto Translation: I will make thee safe by my strength
A clan is a social group made up of a number of distinct branch-families that actually descended from, or accepted themselves as descendants of, a common ancestor. The word clan means simply children. The idea of the clan as a community is necessarily based around this idea of heredity and is most often ruled according to a patriarchal structure. For instance, the clan chief represented the hereditary "parent" of the entire clan. The most prominent example of this form of society is the Scottish Clan system...More
Septs of the Distinguished Name Crawford
Crafard, Crafarde, Crafart, Crafarte, Crafeard, Crafearde, Crafeart, Craferd, Crafert, Craffard, Craffarde, Craffart, Craffarte, Craffeard, Craffearde, Craffeart, Crafferd, Craffert, Craffith, Craffithy, Crafford, Crafforde, Craffork, Crafforth, Crafforthe, Crafforthy, Crafith, Crafithy, Craford, Craforde, Crafork, Crafort, Craforth, Craforthe, Craforthy, Craufard, Craufarde, Craufart, Craufarte, Craufeard, Craufearde, Craufeart, Crauferd, Craufert, Craufith, Craufithy, Crauforde, Craufork, Crauforth, Crauforthe and more.
The Crawford Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Crawford Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.
This page was last modified on 3 February 2016 at 21:11.