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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016
Origins Available: Scottish-Alt
The surname Crawford is a topographic surname, which was given to a person who resided near a physical feature such as a hill, stream, church, or type of tree. Habitation names form the other broad category of surnames that were derived from place-names. They were derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads. Other local
names are derived from the names of houses, manors, estates, regions, and entire counties. As a general rule, the greater the distance between an individual and their homeland, the larger the territory they were named after. For example, a person who only moved to another parish would be known by the name of their original village, while people who migrated to a different country were often known by the name of a region or country from which they came. The name Crawford is derived from the Old English words "crawa," which means "crow," and "ford," which means "a river crossing," and indicates that the original bearer lived near a ford where crows nested.
The surname Crawford was first found in Lanarkshire
(Gaelic: Siorrachd Lannraig) a former county in the central Strathclyde region of Scotland
, now divided into the Council Areas of North Lanarkshire
, South Lanarkshire, and the City of Glasgow, where the family resided in this area as early as the 11th century when Alan, the youngest son of the 4th Earl of Richmond, received a large grant of lands from King William the Conqueror. When King David of Scotland
moved north to assume the throne in 1130, some Crawfords accompanied him on his journey. Galfredus Crawford would gain lands in Clydesdale and his son, Sir Reginald, acquired the barony of Loudoun, from which a significant branch of the Campbells would develop. Later, Reginald de Crauford, John de Crauford and William de Crauford are all recorded as paying homage to Edward I in 1296.
Spelling variations of this family name include: Crawford, Crawfurd, Craufurd, Crawferd, Crawfford, Crafford, Craford, Crafort, Crayford and many more.
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Crawford research. Another 211 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1240, 1297, 1530, 1603, 1625, 1710, 1643 and are included under the topic Early Crawford History in all our PDF Extended History products
Another 147 words (10 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Crawford Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
Some of the Crawford family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 99 words (7 lines of text) about their life in Ireland
is included in all our PDF Extended History products
Some of the first settlers of this family name were:
Crawford Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- Ann Crawford, who settled in Augusta Co. Virginia in 1640
- Stephen Crawford, who landed in Massachusetts in 1649
- Donald Crawford, who landed in New Jersey in 1685
Crawford Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- Tho Crawford, who arrived in Virginia in 1703
- Aaron Crawford, who landed in New England in 1721
- Ann Crawford, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1740
- Samuel Crawford, who landed in Virginia in 1740
- Margaret Crawford, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1740
Crawford Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- Geo Crawford, aged 19, landed in New York, NY in 1804
- Edwd Crawford, who landed in New York, NY in 1804
- Josias Crawford, who arrived in America in 1805
- Robt Crawford, who arrived in America in 1805
- Robert Crawford, who landed in America in 1806
Crawford Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
- Duncan Crawford, who arrived in Arkansas in 1906
Crawford Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
- Charles Crawford, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
- Francis Crawford, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
- Andrew Crawford, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1774
- Gideon Crawford, aged 39, landed in Fort Cumberland, Nova Scotia in 1775
- Mr. Bryan Crawford U.E who settled in Fredericksburgh, Cataraqui township, [Greater Napanee], Ontario c. 1783
Crawford Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
- Peter Crawford, aged 25, a labourer, arrived in Saint John, NB in 1833 aboard the ship "Augusta" from Liverpool
- Thomas Crawford, aged 26, a labourer, arrived in Saint John, NB in 1834 aboard the schooner "Sarah" from Belfast
- Mary Crawford, aged 28, arrived in Saint John, NB in 1834 aboard the schooner "Sarah" from Belfast
- Elizabeth Crawford, aged 32, arrived in Saint John aboard the ship "Eleanor Gordon" in 1834
- Elizabeth Crawford, aged 15, arrived in Saint John aboard the ship "Eleanor Gordon" in 1834
Crawford Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- John Crawford, English convict from Lancaster, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on April 1st, 1822, settling in New South Wales, Austraila
- John Crawford, English convict from Sussex, who was transported aboard the "Arab" on February 22, 1834, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Austraila
- Dougald Crawford arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Duke of Roxburghe" in 1838
- Charlotte Crawford arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Duke of Roxburghe" in 1838
- John Crawford arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Lord Goderich" in 1838
Crawford Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- J. C. Crawford arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Success" in 1839
- Mrs Crawford landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship Staines Castle
- George Crawford, aged 27, a farm servant, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bengal Merchant" in 1840
- George Crawford landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship Bengal Merchant
- J Crawford landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1841
- Wayne David Crawford (1942-2016), American Breckenridge Festival of Film Award winning film and television actor, and film producer, screenwriter, and director, best known for his owrk on Valley Girl (1983)
- William A. "Bill" Crawford (1936-2015), American politician, Member of the Indiana House of Representatives (1972-2012)
- Mrs. S O Crawford, American passenger from USA, who flew aboard American Airlines Flight 191 and died in the crash on May 25, 1979
- Brigadier-General David McLean Crawford (1889-1963), American Air Defense Officer, Headquarters US Army Air Force (1941-1942)
- Major-General Alden Rudyard Crawford (1900-1978), American Commanding General 12th Air Force (1949-1950)
- Joan Crawford (1905-1977), born Lucille Fay LeSueur, American actress in film, television and theatre
- George W. Crawford (1798-1872), American politician, 38th Governor of Georgia (1843 to 1847)
- Alexander Crawford (1842-1886), American Civil War sailor and Medal of Honor recipient
- Cynthia Anne "Cindy" Crawford (b. 1966), American fashion supermodel, the highest paid model according to Forbes in 1995
- Ralston Crawford (1906-1978), American (Canadian born) painter
- Ancestors and Friends: A History and Genealogy by William Lusk Crawford.
- Byram-Crawford and Allied Families Genealogy by Eunice Byram Roberts.
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto. Motto:
Tutem te robore reddamMotto Translation:
I will make thee safe by my strength
|Crawford Clan Badge|
A clan is a social group made up of a number of distinct branch-families that actually descended from, or accepted themselves as descendants of, a common ancestor. The word clan means simply children. The idea of the clan as a community is necessarily based around this idea of heredity and is most often ruled according to a patriarchal structure. For instance, the clan chief represented the hereditary "parent" of the entire clan. The most prominent example of this form of society is the Scottish Clan system... MoreSepts of the Distinguished Name Crawford
Crafard, Crafarde, Crafart, Crafarte, Crafeard, Crafearde, Crafeart, Craferd, Crafert, Craffard, Craffarde, Craffart, Craffarte, Craffeard, Craffearde, Craffeart, Crafferd, Craffert, Craffith, Craffithy, Crafford, Crafforde, Craffork, Crafforth, Crafforthe, Crafforthy, Crafith, Crafithy, Craford, Craforde, Crafork, Crafort, Craforth, Craforthe, Craforthy, Craufard, Craufarde, Craufart, Craufarte, Craufeard, Craufearde, Craufeart, Crauferd, Craufert, Craufith, Craufithy, Crauforde, Craufork, Crauforth, Crauforthe and more
- Paul, Sir James Balfour. An Ordinary of Arms Contained in the Public Register of All Arms and Bearings in Scotland Second Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1903. Print.
- Magnusson, Magnus. Chambers Biographical Dictionary 5th edition. Edinburgh: W & R Chambers, 1990. Print.
- Leyburn, James Graham. The Scotch-Irish A Social History. Chapel Hill: UNC Press, 1962. Print. (ISBN 0807842591).
- The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X).
- Filby, P. William and Mary K Meyer. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index in Four Volumes. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Print. (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8).
- Browne, James. The History of Scotland it's Highlands, Regiments and Clans 8 Volumes. Edinburgh: Francis A Niccolls & Co, 1909. Print.
- Moody David. Scottish Family History. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1994. Print. (ISBN 0806312688).
- Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
- Moncrieffe, Sir Ian of That Ilk and Don Pottinger. Clan Map Scotland of Old. Edinburgh: Bartholomew and Son, 1983. Print.
- Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard and David Faris. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 7th Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0806313676).
The Crawford Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Crawford Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.
This page was last modified on 8 May 2016 at 08:39.
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