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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016
The ancestry of the name Chapman can be traced back to the Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. It is a name for a merchant. Chapman is an occupational surname, which belongs to the category of hereditary surnames. Occupational surnames were derived from the primary activity of the bearer. In the Middle Ages, people did not generally live off of the fruits of their labor in a particular job. Rather, they performed a specialized task, as well as farming, for subsistence. Other occupational names were derived from an object associated with a particular activity. The surname Chapman is derived from the Old English word ceapman, which means merchant. Therefore, this surname would have been taken by someone whose primary occupation was that of a merchant. The earliest record of someone bearing the surname Chapman in England was in Cambridgeshire, prior to the Norman Conquest in 1066.
Chapman has been spelled many different ways, including Before English spelling became standardized over the last few hundred years, spelling variations in names were a common occurrence. As the English language changed in the Middle Ages, absorbing pieces of Latin and French, as well as other languages, the spelling of people's names also changed considerably, even over a single lifetime. Chapman, Chappman, Chepman, Cheppman and others.
First found in Cambridgeshire where they held a family seat from very ancient times, some say well before the Norman Conquest and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D.
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Chapman research. Another 285 words (20 lines of text) covering the years 1559, 1616, 1634, 1780, and 1853 are included under the topic Early Chapman History in all our PDF Extended History products.
Another 30 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Chapman Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.
Some of the Chapman family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 205 words (15 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.
In an attempt to escape the chaos experienced in England, many English families boarded overcrowded and diseased ships sailing for the shores of North America and other British colonies. Those families hardy enough, and lucky enough, to make the passage intact were rewarded with land and a social environment less prone to religious and political persecution. Many of these families became important contributors to the young colonies in which they settled. Early immigration and passenger lists have documented some of the first Chapmans to arrive on North American shores:
Chapman Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- Francis Chapman, who arrived in Virginia in 1608
- Ann Chapman, who landed in Virginia in 1619
- Nicholas Chapman, who arrived in Virginia in 1619
- Phillip Chapman, who landed in Virginia in 1621
- Francis Chapman, who settled in Virginia in 1623
Chapman Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- Mary Chapman, who landed in Virginia in 1701
- Anne Chapman, who arrived in Virginia in 1702
- Charles, Chapman Jr., who landed in Virginia in 1702
- Benja Chapman, who landed in Virginia in 1714
- Thos Chapman, who arrived in Virginia in 1714
Chapman Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- William T Chapman, aged 24, landed in Connecticut in 1812
- Jonathan Chapman, aged 23, landed in Maryland in 1813
- Philip Chapman, who landed in New York, NY in 1817
- Joseph Chapman, who arrived in America in 1823
- Geo Chapman, aged 7, arrived in America in 1829
Chapman Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
- Jason Chapman, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749-1752
- Gideon Chapman, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
- Stephen Chapman, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1761
- Wm Chapman, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1774
- Lancelot Chapman, who settled in Fort Cumberland, Nova Scotia, with his wife, three sons and three daughters, in 1774
Chapman Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
- Thomas C Chapman, who landed in Canada in 1831
Chapman Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- Robert Chapman, English convict from Norfolk, who was transported aboard the "Ann" on August 1809, settling in New South Wales, Australia
- William Chapman, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Albion" on May 17, 1823, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia
- Mustell Chapman, English convict from Cambridge, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on July 29th, 1823, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia
- Charles Chapman, a cooper, arrived in New South Wales, Australia sometime between 1825 and 1832
- Stephen Chapman, a mason, arrived in Van Diemen’s Land (now Tasmania) sometime between 1825 and 1832
Chapman Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- Henry Chapman landed in Bay of Islands, New Zealand in 1836
- R Chapman landed in Hokianga, New Zealand in 1838
- James Chapman arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Whitby" in 1841
- John Chapman, aged 23, a woollen draper, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Clifton" in 1842
- Henry Chapman, aged 22, a mason, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Birman" in 1842
- Mr. Charles Henry Chapman (d. 1912), aged 52, American Second Class passenger from Bronx, New York who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking and was recovered by CS Mackay-Bennett
- Major-General Elbridge Gerry Jr. Chapman (1895-1954), American Commandant of the Parachute School (1946)
- Mark David Chapman (b. 1955), American convicted murderer of John Lennon
- Mr. Joseph Charles Chapman, aged 32, English Boots from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and survived the sinking by escaping in life boat 9
- Mrs. Sara Elizabeth Chapman (d. 1912), (née Lawry), aged 28, English Second Class passenger from Liskeard, Cornwall who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking
- Mr. John Henry Chapman (d. 1912), aged 36, English Second Class passenger from Liskeard, Cornwall who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking and was recovered by CS Mackay-Bennett
- George Chapman (1559-1634), English dramatist
- Christopher Chapman CM, RCA (1927-2015), Canadian writer, director, editor and cinematographer, creator of the multi-dynamic image technique, best known for his award-winning 1967 short film A Place to Stand
- Mrs. Ellen Elizabeth Chapman, Canadian 1st Class Passenger from Toronto, Ontario, Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking
- Mr. Charles Edwin Chapman (d. 1941), British Air Mechanician 1st Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died during the sinking
- Chapman and Allied Families by Lena E. Sweet.
- Chapman and Pugh Family History and Allied Lines by Minnie May Pugh.
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Crescit sub pondere virtus
Motto Translation: Virtue thrives under oppression.
- Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
- Reaney P.H and R.M. Wilson. A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X).
- Burke, John Bernard Ed. The Roll of Battle Abbey. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
- Dunkling, Leslie. Dictionary of Surnames. Toronto: Collins, 1998. Print. (ISBN 0004720598).
- Shirley, Evelyn Philip. Noble and Gentle Men of England Or Notes Touching The Arms and Descendants of the Ancient Knightley and Gentle Houses of England Arranged in their Respective Counties 3rd Edition. Westminster: John Bowyer Nichols and Sons, 1866. Print.
- Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
- Ingram, Rev. James. Translator Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1823. Print.
- Leeson, Francis L. Dictionary of British Peerages. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1121-5).
- Foster, Joseph. Dictionary of Heraldry Feudal Coats of Arms and Pedigrees. London: Bracken Books, 1989. Print. (ISBN 1-85170-309-8).
- Markale, J. Celtic Civilization. London: Gordon & Cremonesi, 1976. Print.
The Chapman Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Chapman Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.
This page was last modified on 14 April 2016 at 14:00.
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