Whitworth History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
Whitworth is an ancient Norman name that arrived in England after the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Whitworth family lived in Durham, at Whitworth.
Early Origins of the Whitworth family
The surname Whitworth was first found in Durham at Whitworth, a parochial chapelry, partly in the union of Auckland.
"According to the Boldon book, this manor was held by Thomas de Acley, by the service of a quarter of a knight's fee; it was afterwards possessed by the Whytworths and the Nevills, and subsequently by the Shafto family. " 
Alternatively, Whitworth, a chapelry in the parish of Rochdale, Lancashire may be a possibility. "The manor was granted by 'divers donators' to the convent of Stanlow in Cheshire, in the reign of John; among these donors was Sir John de Elland, parcener of the lordship of Rochdale, who gave one moiety of the manor. " 
Another source notes "Whitworth, Lancashire was Whyteword in the 13th cent., Wyteworth and Whiteworth in the 14th century. " 
As the Durham locale is clearly the oldest and mention is made of the family holding the manor in very early days, we suggest that this locale is the more likely place of origin for the family.
As to confirm this supposition, Lower notes "chapelries in Durham and Lancashire. The Whitworths of co. Durham were descendants of the Shaftos of Northumberland. " 
Early records of the family are very scant, but we did find Elyas de Witewurde listed in the Pipe Rolls of Surrey in 1194 and John de Whiteworth in the Feet of Fines for Yorkshire in 1336. 
Early History of the Whitworth family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Whitworth research. Another 144 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1615, 1619, 1646, 1635, 1815, 1675, 1725, 1704 and 1711 are included under the topic Early Whitworth History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Whitworth Spelling Variations
Multitudes of spelling variations are a hallmark of Anglo Norman names. Most of these names evolved in the 11th and 12th century, in the time after the Normans introduced their own Norman French language into a country where Old and Middle English had no spelling rules and the languages of the court were French and Latin. To make matters worse, medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, so names frequently appeared differently in the various documents in which they were recorded. The name was spelled Witworth, Whitworth and others.
Early Notables of the Whitworth family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Charles Whitworth, 1st Baron Whitworth (1675-1725), a British diplomat, Ambassador Extraordinary to Russia in 1704. He was the...
Another 26 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Whitworth Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Whitworth family to Ireland
Some of the Whitworth family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. More information about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Whitworth migration to the United States +
Because of this political and religious unrest within English society, many people decided to immigrate to the colonies. Families left for Ireland, North America, and Australia in enormous numbers, traveling at high cost in extremely inhospitable conditions. The New World in particular was a desirable destination, but the long voyage caused many to arrive sick and starving. Those who made it, though, were welcomed by opportunities far greater than they had known at home in England. Many of these families went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Whitworth or a variant listed above:
Whitworth Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- Sarah Whitworth, who arrived in Virginia in 1703 
- Abraham Whitworth, who arrived in Virginia in 1714 
- Alice Whitworth and her husband who settled in New England in 1775
Whitworth Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- Sarah Whitworth, who arrived in New York in 1823
- Edmund Whitworth, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1844 
- Robert Whitworth, who landed in Texas in 1857 
- Joshua Whitworth, who settled in Philadelphia in 1859
- Atkinson Whitworth, aged 26, who landed in New York in 1864 
- ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Whitworth migration to Australia +
Emigration to Australia
followed the First Fleets
of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:
Whitworth Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- Mr. James Whitworth, British Convict who was convicted in Lancaster, England for 14 years, transported aboard the "Asia" on 5th November 1835, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land)1836 
- Henry Whitworth, aged 27, a bricklayer, who arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "William Stevenson" 
Whitworth migration to New Zealand +
Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:
Whitworth Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- Joseph Whitworth, aged 36, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bombay" in 1865
- Emma Whitworth, aged 26, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bombay" in 1865
- Mr. Edward Whitworth, (b. 1839), aged 25, British shepherd travelling from London aboard the ship "Glenmark" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 21st January 1865 
- Robert Whitworth, aged 33, a shoemaker, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Lauderdale" in 1874
Contemporary Notables of the name Whitworth (post 1700) +
- Charles Whitworth (1752-1825), 1st Earl Whitworth, British diplomatist and politician, British Envoy to Poland (1785-1787), British Ambassador to Russia (1788-1800) and British Ambassador to France (1802-1803)
- Sir Joseph Whitworth (1803-1887), English engineer and entrepreneur, inventor of the Whitworth Rifle, a single-shot muzzle-loaded rifle used by the Confederacy in the American Civil War, co-founder of Sir W G Armstrong Whitworth & Co Ltd, a major British manufacturing company in the late 1800s and
- Ralph Victor Whitworth (1955-2016), American businessman, founder of Relational Investors LLC
- George F. Whitworth (1816-1907), American Presbyterian missionary, founder of Whitworth College (now Whitworth University) in 1890
- Johnny Whitworth (b. 1975), American actor, known for his roles in Limitless (2011) and 3:10 to Yuma (2007)
- Kathy Whitworth (b. 1939), American LPGA professional golfer
- Sir Charles Whitworth (1714-1778), English author, the eldest son of Francis Whitworth of Leybourne, Kent, the younger brother of Charles, Baron Whitworth; their father was M.P. for Minehead from May 1723 
- George H. Whitworth (b. 1896), English footballer who played from 1920 through 1928
- William Allen Whitworth (1840-1905), English mathematician and a priest in the Church of England
- Robert Whitworth (1734-1799), English land surveyor and engineer from Sowerby, England
- ... (Another 7 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Related Stories +
The Whitworth Motto +
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Dum spiro spero
Motto Translation: While I have breath I hope.
Suggested Readings for the name Whitworth +
- 3369 "Isaac Towell & his Family: Including Towell, McAdams, Whotworth, Shaw, Fitzgerald & Others, 1764-1990" by Roy H. Towell.
- ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
- ^ Harrison, Henry, Surnames of the United Kingdom: A Concise Etymological Dictionary Baltimore: Geneological Publishing Company, 2013. Print
- ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
- ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
- ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
- ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 28th January 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1835
- ^ South Australian Register Friday 2nd February 1855. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) William Stevenson 1855. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/williamstevenson1855.shtml
- ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
- ^ Wikisource contributors. "Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900." Wikisource . Wikisource , 4 Jun. 2018. Web. 30 Jan. 2019