Origins Available: English, German
England following the Norman Conquest in 1066. It is a name for a lathe worker. The surname Tyrnerus was originally derived from the Old French verb tourneour, meaning to turn on a lathe. Such a craftsman would have fashioned basically cylindrical objects out of wood, metal, and bone. CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
Early Origins of the Tyrnerus family
Oxfordshire in midland England but was found throughout England. "It is well represented in the midlands, especially in Derbyshire, Nottinghamshire, and Staffordshire, and is also numerous in Lancashire." CITATION[CLOSE]
Guppy, Henry Brougham, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain. 1890. Print. Mark Antony Lower in his source Patronymica Britannica suggests that the name is all "out of all proportion, to the number of persons engaged in the trade" of the lathe. He argues that the family may have first appeared before the Conquest in a grant to the monastery of Croyland, in 1051, being signed, among others, by a Turnerus Capellanus. CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print. Moreover, the family was also quite numerous in Scotland from early times.
The Hundredorum Rolls list: Aylbricht le Turnur in London in 1271; Geoffrey le Turner in Cambridgeshire; and William le Tumor in Oxfordshire. The latter two listings were probably made in 1273. The Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 list Johannes Tumour, turnour. Ironically there are very few listings in the early rolls of the trade. Calendarium Rotulorum Originalium listed William le Tournour and Kirby's Quest listed Henry le Tornour in Somerset during the first year of Edward III reign. CITATION[CLOSE]
In Scotland, "a family of this name had possession of the estate of Ardwall in the parish of New Abbey for many generations." CITATION[CLOSE]
Early History of the Tyrnerus family
Another 373 words (27 lines of text) covering the years 1180, 1191, 1300, 1500, 1600, 1700, 1585, 1677, 1591, 1672, 1617, 1676, 1707, 1607, 1675, 1638, 1700, 1645, 1714, 1688, 1714, 1615, 1693, 1662, 1663, 1668, 1669, 1623, 1691, 1735 and are included under the topic Early Tyrnerus History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Tyrnerus Spelling Variations
spelling variations. This is largely due to the fact that Old and Middle English lacked any spelling rules when Norman French was introduced in the 11th century. The languages of the English courts at that time were French and Latin. These various languages mixed quite freely in the evolving social milieu. The final element of this mix is that medieval scribes spelled words according to their sounds rather than any definite rules, so a name was often spelled in as many different ways as the number of documents it appeared in. The name was spelled Turner, Turnerus, Turnor, Turnour, Turnoure and many more.
Early Notables of the Tyrnerus family (pre 1700)
Another 108 words (8 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Tyrnerus Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Tyrnerus family to Ireland
Some of the Tyrnerus family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 101 words (7 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Tyrnerus family to the New World and Oceana
Because of the political and religious discontent in England, families began to migrate abroad in enormous numbers. Faced with persecution and starvation at home, the open frontiers and generally less oppressive social environment of the New World seemed tantalizing indeed to many English people. The trip was difficult, and not all made it unscathed, but many of those who did get to Canada and the United States made important contributions to the young nations in which they settled. Some of the first North American settlers with Tyrnerus name or one of its variants: William Turner who settled in Maine in 1607 thirteen years before the "Mayflower"; Henry Turner, who settled in Virginia in 1615; Robert Turner, who was on record in Virginia in 1619.
Tyrnerus Family Crest Products