The ancestors of the Tyghan surname in Ireland
are thought to have arrived with or in the wake of the 12th century Anglo/ Norman invasion
of the Emerald Isle, led by Strongbow
. The surname Tyghan is ultimately derived from the personal names Timothy or Thomas. The Gaelic form of the surname Tyghan is Mac Toimin.
Early Origins of the Tyghan family
The surname Tyghan was first found in counties Wicklow
and Carlow (Irish: Cheatharlach) a small landlocked area located in the province of Leinster
in the South East of Ireland
, from 1172. Timon of Athens ( fl.
431 BC) was a citizen of Athens whose misanthropy grew to legendary status. He was the inspiration for Shakespeare's Timon of Athens (The Life of Tymon of Athens), one of his first tragedies.
Early History of the Tyghan family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Tyghan research.Another 131 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 117 and 1172 are included under the topic Early Tyghan History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Tyghan Spelling Variations
Church officials and medieval scribes often spelled early surnames as they sounded. This practice often resulted in many spelling variations
of even a single name. Early versions of the name Tyghan included: Timmons, Timmins, O'Timmon, O'Timmons, Tymon, McToimin and many more.
Early Notables of the Tyghan family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Tyghan Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Tyghan family to the New World and Oceana
In the mid-19th century, Ireland
experienced one of the worst periods in its entire history. During this decade in order to ease the pressure of the soil, which was actually depleted by the effects of the previous years' grain crops, landowners forced tenant
farmers and peasants onto tiny plots of land that barely provided the basic sustenance a family required. Conditions were worsened, though, by the population of the country, which was growing fast to roughly eight million. So when the Great Potato Famine
of the mid-1840s hit, starvation and diseases decimated the population. Thousands of Irish families
left the country for British North America and the United States. The new immigrants were often accommodated either in the opening western frontiers or as cheap unskilled labor in the established centers. In early passenger and immigration lists there are many immigrants bearing the name Tyghan: Margaret Timmins from St. Mullins in Carlow who settled in St. John's, Newfoundland, in 1819; Lawrence Timmons settled in Harbour Grace, Newfoundland, in 1822.