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An excerpt from archives copyright © 2000 - 2016

Origins Available: German, Irish

Ireland already had an established system of hereditary surnames when the Strongbownians arrived. Often the two traditions blended together quite well due to some of their basic similarities, but the incoming Anglo-Norman system brought in some forms that were uncommon amongst the Irish. One of these Anglo-Norman anomalies was the prevalence of local surnames, such as Troy. Local names were taken from the names of a place or a geographical feature where the person lived, held land, or was born. Originally, the place names were prefixed by de, which means from in French. This type of prefix was eventually either made a part of the surname if the place name began with a vowel or was eliminated entirely. The local surnames of these Strongbownian invaders referred to places in Normandy, or more typically England, but eventually for those Anglo- Normans that remained in Ireland, the nicknames referred to places or geographical features of the island: they became true local names. The Troy family appears to have originally lived in the town of Troyes in France; the original form of the surname Troy was de Troyes. The surname Troy belongs to the large category of Anglo-Norman habitation names, which are derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads.


The surname Troy was first found in County Clare (Irish: An Clįr) located on the west coast of Ireland in the province of Munster, where they were granted lands by Strongbow, Earl of Pembroke, after his conquest of Ireland in 1172. They were recruited from the family of Try in Gloucester where they were Lords of the manor of Alkington. The family is said to be amongst the highest orders of French nobility.

Names were simply spelled as they sounded by medieval scribes and church officials. Therefore, during the lifetime of a single person, his name was often spelt in many different ways, explaining the many spelling variations encountered while researching the name Troy. Some of these variations included: Troye, Troy, Try, Trye, Trohy, Trohey, Troys, Troyes, O'Trahy, O'Trahey, O'Trehy, O'Trehey and many more.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Troy research. Another 269 words (19 lines of text) covering the years 1660, 1717, 1690, 1698, 1702, 1705, 1739 and 1823 are included under the topic Early Troy History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


Another 41 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Troy Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


The Irish emigration during the late 18th and 19th century contributed to the melting pot of nationalities in North America, and the building of a whole new era of industry and commerce in what was seen as a rich, new land. Ireland's Great Potato Famine resulted in the worst economic and social conditions in the island's history. And in response to the hunger, disease, and poverty, during this decade the total number of emigrants to leave for North America rivaled all the previous years combined. Those from this decade that arrived on North American shores were not warmly welcomed by the established population, but they were vital to the rapid development of the industry, agriculture, and infrastructure of the infant nations of the United States and what would become Canada. Research into early immigration and passenger lists has shown many people bearing the name Troy:

Troy Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Daniel, Edward, James, Jeremiah, John, Michael, Patrick, and William Troy all arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania between 1770 and 1870

Troy Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Michael Troy, aged 40, arrived in New York in 1812
  • Patrick Troy, aged 23, landed in America in 1822
  • John Troy, who landed in Mobile County, Ala in 1840
  • Counl Troy, aged 54, landed in Mobile, Ala in 1851
  • Reverend Edward Troy settled in Tor Bay in 1855
  • ...

Troy Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • James Troy from County Tipperary settled in St. John's, Newfoundland in 1813
  • Mary Troy settled in Bonavista in 1813
  • Catherine Troy settled in Harbour Grace in 1814
  • Edward Troy, aged 20, a labourer, arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1834 aboard the brig "Levant Star" from Cork, Ireland
  • Ann Troy, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1835
  • ...

Troy Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Johanna Troy, aged 19, arrived in South Australia in 1849 aboard the ship "Elgin"
  • Johanna Troy, aged 19, arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Elgin" in 1849

Troy Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Patrick Troy, aged 19, a labourer, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Oxford" in 1874
  • Timothy Troy, aged 31, a labourer, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Rodney" in 1875
  • Mary Troy, aged 30, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Rodney" in 1875
  • James Troy, aged 9, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Rodney" in 1875
  • Michael Troy, aged 20, a labourer, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Waimea" in 1876
  • ...

  • Tevi David Troy (b. 1967), the former Deputy Secretary of United States Department of Health and Human Services
  • John Weir Troy (1868-1942), American Democratic politician, Governor of Alaska Territory 1933 -1939
  • Michael Troy (b. 1940), retired butterfly swimmer from the United States
  • Gregg Troy (b. 1950), American college and Olympic swimming coach
  • Doris Troy (1937-2004), American R&B singer
  • Micah LeVar Troy (b. 1977), American rapper and record producer
  • John Troy (b. 1971), Irish Offaly GAA hurler and all-star
  • John Thomas Troy (1739-1823), Roman Catholic Archbishop of Dublin
  • Canon Bertie Troy (1931-2007), Irish Roman Catholic priest and an All- Ireland Hurling Final winning manager with Cork
  • Jack Troy (1927-1995), Australian rugby league player
  • ...

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    Other References

    1. Heraldic Scroll and Map of Family names and Origins of Ireland. Dublin: Mullins. Print.
    2. Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
    3. Hickey, D.J. and J.E. Doherty. A New Dictionary of Irish History form 1800 2nd Edition. Dublin: Gil & MacMillian, 2003. Print.
    4. Johnson, Daniel F. Irish Emigration to New England Through the Port of Saint John, New Brunswick Canada 1841-1849. Baltimore, Maryland: Clearfield, 1996. Print.
    5. Fairbairn. Fairbain's book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland, 4th Edition 2 volumes in one. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1968. Print.
    6. Browning, Charles H. Americans of Royal Descent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
    7. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
    8. Leyburn, James Graham. The Scotch-Irish A Social History. Chapel Hill: UNC Press, 1962. Print. (ISBN 0807842591).
    9. Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
    10. Bell, Robert. The Book of Ulster Surnames. Belfast: Blackstaff, 1988. Print. (ISBN 10-0856404160).
    11. ...

    The Troy Family Crest was acquired from the archives. The Troy Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 28 January 2015 at 16:06.

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