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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016


The notable Tom family arose among the Cornish People, a race with a rich Celtic heritage and an indomitable fighting spirit who inhabited the southwest of England. While surnames were well-known during the English medieval period, Cornish People originally used only a single name. The way in which hereditary surnames came into common use is interesting. As the population of medieval Europe multiplied, people began to assume an extra name to avoid confusion and to further identify themselves. Under the Feudal System of government, surnames evolved and they often reflected life on the manor and in the field. Patronymic surnames were derived from given names and were the predominant type of surname among the Celtic peoples of Britain. However, the people of Cornwall provide a surprising exception to this rule, and patronymic surnames are less common among them than other people of Celtic stock, such as their Welsh neighbors. This is due to the greater influence of English bureaucracy and naming practices in Cornwall at the time that surnames first arose. This type of surname blended perfectly with the prevailing Feudal System. One feature that is occasionally found in Cornish surnames of this type is the suffix -oe or -ow; this is derived from the Cornish plural suffix -ow. is a patronymic surname that came from the ancient given name Thomas, which itself is derived from the Aramaic name Teoma, meaning twin.

Tom Early Origins



The surname Tom was first found in Cornwall where they held a family seat from very ancient times, some say before the Norman Conquest in 1066.

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Tom Spelling Variations


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Tom Spelling Variations



Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall and the rest of England. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Thom, Thomes, Thome, Toms, Tom, Thoms and others.

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Tom Early History


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Tom Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Tom research. Another 172 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1433, 1473, and 1663 are included under the topic Early Tom History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Tom Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Tom Early Notables (pre 1700)



More information is included under the topic Early Tom Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Tom In Ireland


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Tom In Ireland



Some of the Tom family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 171 words (12 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



An examination into the immigration and passenger lists has discovered a number of people bearing the name Tom:

Tom Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Anna Barbara Tom, aged 34, landed in Pennsylvania in 1730
  • Christiana Tom, aged 2, arrived in Pennsylvania in 1730
  • Joseph Tom, aged 35, landed in Pennsylvania in 1730

Tom Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Mathias Tom, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1802
  • Swaya Tom, who landed in Mississippi in 1896

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Contemporary Notables of the name Tom (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Tom (post 1700)



  • David Tom (b. 1978), American actor, best known for his role as Billy Abbott on The Young and the Restless, twin of Nicole Tom
  • Nicholle "Nicole" Tom (b. 1978), American actress, best known for her roles as Ryce Newton in Beethoven (1992), Beethoven's 2nd (1993), Beethoven (1994-1995), and as Maggie Sheffield on The Nanny
  • Michael Tom (1946-1999), American sculptor from Honolulu, Hawaii, he received the Catharine E. B. Cox Award for Excellence in the Visual Arts in 1992
  • Nathaniel Tom, American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from Queens County, 1781-83; Appointed 1781
  • Maeley Lock Tom (b. 1941), American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from California, 1988, 1996, 2000; Presidential Elector for California, 2012

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Tom Family Crest Products


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Tom Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



    Other References

    1. Burke, John Bernard Ed. The Roll of Battle Abbey. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
    2. Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
    3. Filby, P. William and Mary K Meyer. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index in Four Volumes. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Print. (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8).
    4. Lennard, Reginald. Rural England 1086-1135 A Study of Social and Agrarian Conditions. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959. Print.
    5. Bullock, L.G. Historical Map of England and Wales. Edinburgh: Bartholomew and Son, 1971. Print.
    6. Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
    7. Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds. Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8).
    8. Ingram, Rev. James. Translator Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1823. Print.
    9. Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
    10. Bede, The Venerable. Historia Ecclesiatica Gentis Anglorum (The Ecclesiastical History Of the English People). Available through Internet Medieval Sourcebook the Fordham University Centre for Medieval Studies. Print.
    11. ...

    The Tom Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Tom Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 21 October 2016 at 13:36.

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