Tayler History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

During the Middle Ages, the surname of Tayler was used in Scotland. While the patronymic and metronymic surnames, which are derived from the name of the father and mother respectively, are the most common form of a hereditary surname in Scotland, occupational surnames also emerged during the late Middle Ages. Many people, such as the Tayler family, adopted the name of their occupation as their surname. However, an occupational name did not become a hereditary surname until the office or type of employment became hereditary. The surname Tayler was an occupational name for a tailor. Interestingly, the name Tayler was originally derived from the Anglo Norman French word taillour, meaning tailor. [1]

Early Origins of the Tayler family

The surname Tayler was first found in many places throughout Scotland. Some of the early records include: Alexander le Tayllur who was valet of Alexander in 1276; John le Taillur who was held the mill of Selkirk as firmar in 1292; and Brice le Taillur who was one of the Scottish prisoners taken at the capture of Dunbar Castle in 1296. The last entry's year is of great significance to the surname and indeed to much of Scotland; for it was that year that King Edward I invaded Scotland and insisted that the native Scots pay homage to him.

Six persons of this name in the counties of Roxburgh, Dumfries, Edinburgh, Lanark, and Angus all rendered homage, 1296. [2] They held lands in Forfar, Cesseworth, Cunningham, Lanark, and Stirling in Scotland.

Early History of the Tayler family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Tayler research. Another 117 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1292, 1376, 1645, 1729, 1920, 1779, 1784, 1850 and are included under the topic Early Tayler History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Tayler Spelling Variations

Spelling variations of this family name include: Taylor, Taylour, Taylur, Tailler, Taillefer and many more.

Early Notables of the Tayler family (pre 1700)

Notable among the family at this time was Edward Taylor (1645-1729), who was hailed as the finest American poet of the 17th century upon the publication of his work in 1920...
Another 30 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Tayler Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ireland Migration of the Tayler family to Ireland

Some of the Tayler family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 60 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Tayler migration to the United States +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Tayler Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • William Tayler, who arrived in Jamestown, Va in 1607 [3]
  • Mr. Richard Tayler, (b. 1617), aged 18, British settler traveling aboard the ship "Constance" arriving in Virginia in 1635 [4]
  • Mr. George Tayler, (Tyler), (b. 1604), aged 31, British settler traveling aboard the ship "Truelove" arriving in Massachusetts Bay in 1635 [5]
  • Dyonis Tayler, aged 48, who arrived in New England in 1635 [3]
  • Geo Tayler, aged 31, who landed in New England in 1635 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Tayler Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Rosina Tayler, aged 4, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1733 [3]
  • Christina Tayler, aged 2, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1733 [3]
  • Anna Barbara Tayler, aged 30, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1733 [3]
  • Hans Martin Tayler, aged 8, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1733 [3]
  • Philip Adam Tayler, aged 10, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1733 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Tayler Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Hugh Tayler, who arrived in Virginia in 1887 [3]

Canada Tayler migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Tayler Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Samuel Tayler, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
Tayler Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Samuel F Tayler, who landed in Canada in 1833

New Zealand Tayler migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Tayler Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Ewin Tayler, (b. 1844), aged 20, British settler travelling from Plymouth aboard the ship "Ivanhoe" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 13th June 1864 [6]
  • Mr. James Tayler, (b. 1846), aged 18, British settler travelling from Plymouth aboard the ship "Ivanhoe" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 13th June 1864 [6]
  • Mr. Samuel Tayler, (b. 1845), aged 20, British carpenter travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Indian Empire" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 23rd July 1865 [6]

West Indies Tayler migration to West Indies +

The British first settled the British West Indies around 1604. They made many attempts but failed in some to establish settlements on the Islands including Saint Lucia and Grenada. By 1627 they had managed to establish settlements on St. Kitts (St. Christopher) and Barbados, but by 1641 the Spanish had moved in and destroyed some of these including those at Providence Island. The British continued to expand the settlements including setting the First Federation in the British West Indies by 1674; some of the islands include Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Island, Turks and Caicos, Jamaica and Belize then known as British Honduras. By the 1960's many of the islands became independent after the West Indies Federation which existed from 1958 to 1962 failed due to internal political conflicts. After this a number of Eastern Caribbean islands formed a free association. [7]
Tayler Settlers in West Indies in the 17th Century
  • John Tayler, aged 23, who landed in Barbados in 1634 [3]
  • Mr. John Tayler, (b. 1611), aged 23, British settler travelling from Gravesend, UK aboard the ship "Hopewell" arriving in Barbados on 17th February 1634 [3]
  • Mr. Thomas Tayler, (b. 1608), aged 27, British settler travelling from London, England aboard the ship "Alexander" arriving in Barbados in 1635 [8]
  • George Tayler, aged 20, who arrived in Barbados in 1635 [3]
  • Mr. George Tayler, (b. 1615), aged 20, British settler travelling aboard the ship "Expedition" arriving in Barbados in 1636 [9]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Tayler (post 1700) +

  • Jeffrey Tayler, American Senior Art Director and Consultant at Adobe Corporation
  • Jeffrey Tayler, American author and journalist, Russia correspondent for the Atlantic Monthly and contributor to NPR's All Things Considered
  • Robert Walker Tayler Sr. (1812-1878), American politician from Ohio
  • Robert Walker Tayler (1852-1910), American politician from Ohio; U.S. Representative 1895–1903
  • Paulina Tayler, Canadian-born, American farmer and leading citizen of Chicago, Illinois in the early 1800's
  • John Tayler (1742-1829), American merchant and politician from New York; state legislator and acting governor 1817
  • Robert Walker Tayler (1852-1910), American Republican politician, Columbiana County Prosecuting Attorney, 1881; U.S. Representative from Ohio 18th District, 1895-1903; U.S. District Judge for the Northern District of Ohio, 1905 [10]
  • Robert Walker Tayler (1812-1878), American Republican politician, Trumbull County Prosecuting Attorney, 1839-43; Mayor of Youngstown, Ohio, 1851-52; Member of Ohio State Senate 23rd District, 1856-59 [10]
  • John Tayler (1742-1829), American politician, Member of New York State Senate Eastern District, 1801-02, 1803-13; Lieutenant Governor of New York, 1811, 1813-22; Governor of New York, 1817 [10]
  • Jesse Tayler, American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from Albany County, 1811-12 [10]
  • ... (Another 12 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Harry John Tayler, British Pay Midshipman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [11]


  1. ^ Lower, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  2. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ Pilgrim Ship's of 1600's (Retrieved October 5th 2021, retrieved from https://www.packrat-pro.com/ships/shiplist.htm)
  5. ^ Pilgrim Ship's of 1600's (Retrieved October 6th 2021, retrieved from https://www.packrat-pro.com/ships/shiplist.htm)
  6. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  7. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_West_Indies
  8. ^ Pilgrim Ship Lists Early 1600's retrieved 28th September 2021. (Retrieved from https://www.packrat-pro.com/ships/shiplist.htm)
  9. ^ Pilgrim Ship Lists Early 1600's retrieved 29th September 2021. (Retrieved from https://www.packrat-pro.com/ships/shiplist.htm)
  10. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, November 9) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  11. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html


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