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Stretton History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms



The name Stretton reached English shores for the first time with the ancestors of the Stretton family as they migrated following the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Stretton family lived in Wiltshire, at Stratton. However, there are also parishes in Cornwall, Dorset, Gloucestershire, Norfolk, Buckinghamshire, Hampshire, and Somerset also named Stratton.

The reason for the many parishes so named is because of the etymology of the surname as in "one who came from Stratton (homestead on a Roman road.)" [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Smith, Eldson Coles, New Dictionary of American Family Names New York, Harper & Row, 1956. Print
However down in Cornwall, in Cornish the name literally means "the hill full of fresh springs." [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
Arthur, William , An Etymological Dictionary of Family and Christian Names. London: 1857. Print



Early Origins of the Stretton family


The surname Stretton was first found in Wiltshire where they held a family seat from very early times and were granted lands by Duke William of Normandy, their liege Lord, for their distinguished assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 A.D. Where it is said that the notorious Adam de Stratton derives from Argouges from Manche in the arrondisement of Avranches in Normandy.

Adam de Stratton (died 1292) was a royal moneylender, administrator and clergyman under Edward I of England. He rose to become Chamberlain of the Exchequer and steward of Isabella, Countess of Devon. His father was Thomas de Argoges, or Arwillis, of Stratton St Margaret in Wiltshire. In 1278, he was accused of cutting off the seal of a charter from Quarr Abbey, thereby invalidating its authenticity. This was not the beginning nor the last time he would be associated with dubious activities. On 17 January 1290, he was relieved of his office of chamberlain, along with his temporal possessions. Upon his arrest, he was discovered to have in his possession a vast sum of money and objects associated with witchcraft. He was imprisoned in the Tower of London in 1292 and died by 14 August 1294.

Robert de Stretton (died 1385), an English divine, born at Stretton Magna, Leicestershire was Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield and son of Robert Eyryk or de Stretton. "He and his elder brother, Sir William Eyryk, knight (ancestor of the Heyricks of Leicestershire), derived their surnames from Stretton Magna. " [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print


Early History of the Stretton family


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Stretton research.
Another 175 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1285, 1320 and 1364 are included under the topic Early Stretton History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Stretton Spelling Variations


Before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Sound was what guided spelling in the Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Spelling variations were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Stretton family name include Stratton, Straton, Straiton and others.

Early Notables of the Stretton family (pre 1700)


More information is included under the topic Early Stretton Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Stretton family to the New World and Oceana


To escape the political and religious chaos of this era, thousands of English families began to migrate to the New World in search of land and freedom from religious and political persecution. The passage was expensive and the ships were dark, crowded, and unsafe; however, those who made the voyage safely were encountered opportunities that were not available to them in their homeland. Many of the families that reached the New World at this time went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations of the United States and Canada. Research into various historical records has revealed some of first members of the Stretton family to immigrate North America:

Stretton Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Eliza Stretton, who arrived in Virginia in 1650 [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)

Stretton Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Tho Stretton, who landed in Virginia in 1705 [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)

Stretton Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • John Stretton, English convict from Leicester, who was transported aboard the "Ann" on August 1809, settling in New South Wales, Australia [5]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Ann voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1809 with 200 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/ann/1809
  • William Stretton, Sr., English convict from Derby, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on July 29th, 1823, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [6]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1823 with 151 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1823
  • S.D. Stretton, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Navarino" in 1849 [7]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) NAVARINO 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Navarino.htm
  • Thomas Stretton, aged 31, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1854 aboard the ship "Marion" [8]CITATION[CLOSE]
    South Australian Register Tuesday 12th December 1854. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Marion 1854. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/marion1854.shtml

Contemporary Notables of the name Stretton (post 1700)


  • Samuel C. Stretton, American Democrat politician, Candidate for U.S. Representative from Pennsylvania 5th District, 1990 [9]CITATION[CLOSE]
    The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, November 12) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  • William Stretton (1755-1828), English builder and architect based in Nottingham
  • Samuel Stretton (1731-1811), English builder, architect and inventor who built the first powered cotton mill in Nottingham
  • Ronald Charles Stretton (1930-2012), English bronze medalist track cyclist at the 1952 Summer Olympics
  • Hesba Stretton (1832-1911), pen name of Sarah Smith, English writer of children's books
  • Amanda Stretton (b. 1973), English female racing driver and motoring journalist
  • Hugh Stretton AC (1924-2015), Australian historian, professor and Rhodes Scholar, deputy chair of the South Australian Housing Trust for 17 years
  • Lieutenant-Colonel Severus William Lynam Stretton (1783-1884), British Army officer who served in the Napoleonic Wars
  • Colonel Sempronius Stretton CB (1781-1842), British Army officer who served at the Battle of Waterloo, best known for his sketches of early Canadian life
  • Ross Stretton (1952-2005), Australian ballet dancer and artistic director, Artistic Director of the Australian Ballet (1997-2001) and the Royal Ballet (2001-2002)
  • ... (Another 3 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Stretton family



Hillcrest Coal Mine

  • Mr. Edward Stretton (1875-1914), English Miner from Norton Canes, Staffordshire, England, United Kingdom who worked in the Hillcrest Coal Mine, Alberta, Canada and died in the mine collapse [10]CITATION[CLOSE]
    List Of Miners - Hillcrest Mine Disaster Data. (Retrieved 2014, June 24) . Retrieved from http://www.hillcrestminedisaster.com/data/index.php?title=List_Of_Miners

The Stretton Motto


The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Resurgere tento
Motto Translation: I strive to rise again.


Stretton Family Crest Products



See Also



Citations


  1. ^ Smith, Eldson Coles, New Dictionary of American Family Names New York, Harper & Row, 1956. Print
  2. ^ Arthur, William , An Etymological Dictionary of Family and Christian Names. London: 1857. Print
  3. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  4. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  5. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Ann voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1809 with 200 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/ann/1809
  6. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Asia 1 voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1823 with 151 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1823
  7. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) NAVARINO 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Navarino.htm
  8. ^ South Australian Register Tuesday 12th December 1854. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Marion 1854. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/marion1854.shtml
  9. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, November 12) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  10. ^ List Of Miners - Hillcrest Mine Disaster Data. (Retrieved 2014, June 24) . Retrieved from http://www.hillcrestminedisaster.com/data/index.php?title=List_Of_Miners


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