Senior History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The name Senior is an ancient name that was given to a person in Britain soon after the arrival of the Normans in the 1066. It is a name for a person who was a person with lordly bearing, or the older of two people with the same name. The first is by analogy with the French seigneur, meaning lord.

Early Origins of the Senior family

The surname Senior was first found in Norfolk, where the family was granted lands by William the Conqueror for having assisted at the Battle of Hastings in 1066. The earliest known bearer of the name was Walter Seignure, who was recorded in the Pipe Rolls of Norfolk in 1164.

Early History of the Senior family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Senior research. Another 176 words (13 lines of text) covering the years 1150, 1164, 1212, 1271, 1382, 1475, 1565, 1845, and 1887 are included under the topic Early Senior History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Senior Spelling Variations

Multitudes of spelling variations are a hallmark of Anglo Norman names. Most of these names evolved in the 11th and 12th century, in the time after the Normans introduced their own Norman French language into a country where Old and Middle English had no spelling rules and the languages of the court were French and Latin. To make matters worse, medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, so names frequently appeared differently in the various documents in which they were recorded. The name was spelled Senior, Sinyeard, Singard, Sinyard, Sinor, Sayner, Saynor, Sayner and many more.

Early Notables of the Senior family (pre 1700)

Another 33 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Senior Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Senior World Ranking

In the United States, the name Senior is the 11,454th most popular surname with an estimated 2,487 people with that name. [1] However, in New Zealand, the name Senior is ranked the 962nd most popular surname with an estimated 777 people with that name. [2] And in the United Kingdom, the name Senior is the 783rd popular surname with an estimated 8,672 people with that name. [3]


United States Senior migration to the United States +

Because of this political and religious unrest within English society, many people decided to immigrate to the colonies. Families left for Ireland, North America, and Australia in enormous numbers, traveling at high cost in extremely inhospitable conditions. The New World in particular was a desirable destination, but the long voyage caused many to arrive sick and starving. Those who made it, though, were welcomed by opportunities far greater than they had known at home in England. Many of these families went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Senior or a variant listed above:

Senior Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • John Senior, who arrived in Virginia in 1636 [4]
  • Sarah Senior, who landed in Virginia in 1636 [4]
  • Tho Senior, who arrived in Virginia in 1656 [4]
  • William Senior, who landed in Virginia in 1665 [4]
  • Eliz Senior, who settled in Virginia in 1666
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Senior Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Jane Senior, who settled in Virginia in 1728
  • George Senior, who emigrated from Scotland to Georgia in 1760
Senior Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Catherine Senior, who settled in New York in 1823 with her husband and five children
  • Richard Senior, who arrived in New York, NY in 1837 [4]
  • Ann Senior, who arrived in New York, NY in 1845 [4]
  • G Senior, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1850 [4]
  • Edwin Senior, who was naturalized in California in 1885
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Canada Senior migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Senior Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Mr. Bartholomew Senior U.E. who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1784 [5]
Senior Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Benjamin Senior, who arrived in Ontario in 1871

Australia Senior migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Senior Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. James Senior, English convict who was convicted in Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, England for life, transported aboard the "Dromedary" on 11th September 1819, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [6]
  • Mr. Thomas Senior, (Seney, Sceney), (b. 1800), aged 23, English labourer who was convicted in Middlesex, England for 7 years for larceny, transported aboard the "Commodore Hayes" in April 1823, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land), he died in 1872 [7]
  • Thomas Senior, English convict from York, who was transported aboard the "Anson" on September 23, 1843, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [8]
  • Mr. Joseph Senior, English convict who was convicted in York, Yorkshire, England for life , transported aboard the "China" on 163rd January 1846, arriving in Norfolk Island, Australia [9]
  • Mr. George Senior, British Convict who was convicted in York, Yorkshire, England for 10 years, transported aboard the "Dudbrook" on 17th November 1852, arriving in Western Australia [10]

New Zealand Senior migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Senior Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Joseph Senior, aged 18, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Westminster" in 1843
  • Mr. J. Senior, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "George Canning" arriving in Dunedin, Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 28th November 1857 [11]
  • Mr. Edward Senior, (b. 1838), aged 21, English agricultural labourer, from York travelling from London aboard the ship "Robert Small" arriving in Lyttlelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 29th January 1860 [12]

West Indies Senior migration to West Indies +

The British first settled the British West Indies around 1604. They made many attempts but failed in some to establish settlements on the Islands including Saint Lucia and Grenada. By 1627 they had managed to establish settlements on St. Kitts (St. Christopher) and Barbados, but by 1641 the Spanish had moved in and destroyed some of these including those at Providence Island. The British continued to expand the settlements including setting the First Federation in the British West Indies by 1674; some of the islands include Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Island, Turks and Caicos, Jamaica and Belize then known as British Honduras. By the 1960's many of the islands became independent after the West Indies Federation which existed from 1958 to 1962 failed due to internal political conflicts. After this a number of Eastern Caribbean islands formed a free association. [13]
Senior Settlers in West Indies in the 17th Century
  • Joseph Senior, who arrived in Barbados in 1680 with his four servants

Contemporary Notables of the name Senior (post 1700) +

  • Josiah L. Senior, American politician, U.S. Consular Agent in Coro, 1897-98 [14]
  • Harold E. Senior, American Democratic Party politician, Candidate for Connecticut State House of Representatives from North Haven, 1946 [14]
  • Harold B. Senior (b. 1887), American Republican politician; Member of Connecticut State House of Representatives from Bethel, 1927-30; Member of Connecticut State Senate 24th District, 1931 [14]
  • Clarence Ollson Senior (1903-1974), American politician, Candidate for Presidential Elector for Ohio, 1928 [14]
  • Clarence Senior (1903-1974), American socialist political activist, National Executive Secretary of the Socialist Party of America
  • Nassau William Senior (1790-1864), English economist, born at Compton Beauchamp, Berkshire, the eldest of ten children of the Rev. John Raven Senior, vicar of Durnford, Wiltshire
  • Russell Senior (b. 1961), English guitarist and violinist of the band Pulp
  • Trevor Senior (b. 1961), English former professional football striker from Dorset
  • Keith Senior (b. 1976), English rugby league player
  • Olive Marjorie Senior (b. 1941), Jamaican poet and short story writer
  • ... (Another 4 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

HMS Cornwall
  • Henry Charles Senior (d. 1942), British Mechanician 1st Class aboard the HMS Cornwall when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he died in the sinking [15]
HMS Hood
  • Mr. Reuben Senior (b. 1920), English Stoker 2nd Class serving for the Royal Navy from Dewsbury, Yorkshire, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [16]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Cyril Alderman Senior (b. 1922), English Royal Marine from Hemsworth, Yorkshire, England, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [17]
HMS Royal Oak
  • Frederick Senior (1919-1939), British Marine with the Royal Marine aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [18]
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. Harry Senior (d. 1912), aged 31, English Greaser from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [19]


The Senior Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Medio tutissimus ibis
Motto Translation: Go most safely by the middle course


  1. ^ https://namecensus.com/most_common_surnames.htm
  2. ^ https://forebears.io/new-zealand/surnames
  3. ^ https://www.surnamemap.eu/unitedkingdom/surnames_ranking.php?p=10
  4. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  5. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  6. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 16th July 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/dromedary
  7. ^ Convict Records of Australia (Retrieved 4th March 2021, retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/commodore-hayes)
  8. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Anson voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1843 with 499 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/anson/1843
  9. ^ Convict Records of Australia (Retrieved 5th February 2021, retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/china)
  10. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 23rd July 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/dudbrook
  11. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  12. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  13. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_West_Indies
  14. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, January 28) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  15. ^ Force Z Survivors Crew List HMS Cornwall (Retrieved 2018, February 13th) - Retrieved from https://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listcornwallcrew.html#A
  16. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  17. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  18. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  19. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html


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