Sanford History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The name Sanford reached England in the great wave of migration following the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Sanford family lived in Shropshire, although their name is derived from the Old English and translates directly as sandy ford. Such a name would have indicated that the original bearer lived near such a landmark.

Early Origins of the Sanford family

The surname Sanford was first found in Shropshire at Sandford, where Thomas de Saundford, one of the "companions in arms" of William I was given lands, for his assistance. He is mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086. "Richard de Sanford was certainly seated at Sandford soon after the Conquest, and which has ever since remained their principal seat." [1]

Sandford Hall, near Whitchurch survives today. This county house is thought to have been built between 1700 and 1750 and at the time of writing is up for sale. Thorpe-Salvin in the West Riding of Yorkshire was home to a branch of the family. " It was anciently the property of the Salvin family, and subsequently of the Sandfords, by whom the now ruined Hall was erected about the middle of the 16th century." [2]

Another early record of the family was Fulk de Sandford (d. 1271), also called Fulk de Basset, Archbishop of Dublin, nephew of Sir Philip Basset. "There was a Richard de Sandford, a prebendary of St. Paul's in 1241, and John de Sandford, (died 1294) Archbishop of Dublin, was Fulk Sandford's brother, and is known to be illegitimate." [3]

Important Dates for the Sanford family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Sanford research. Another 115 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1533, 1547, 1555, 1605, 1653, 1653, 1639, 1701, 1680, 1683, 1630, 1694 and 1641 are included under the topic Early Sanford History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Sanford Spelling Variations

Before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago, spelling variations of names were a common occurrence. Elements of Latin, Norman French and other languages became incorporated into English throughout the Middle Ages, and name spellings changed even among the literate. The variations of the surname Sanford include Sandford, Sandiford, Samford, Sanford and others.

Early Notables of the Sanford family (pre 1700)

Outstanding amongst the family at this time was John Sandford, English owner of a woolen mill in Stonehouse, county Gloucester, and Mayor of Gloucester in 1533; Thomas Sandford, High Sheriff of Cumberland in 1547 and 1555; Thomas SandfordJohn Sanford (c. 1605-1653), English immigrant to Boston, Massachusetts from Essex, 2nd Governor of Newport and Portsmouth in 1653; and his son, Peleg Sanford (1639-1701), American 10th Governor of...
Another 66 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Sanford Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Sanford family to Ireland

Some of the Sanford family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. More information about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Sanford migration to the United States

In England at this time, the uncertainty of the political and religious environment of the time caused many families to board ships for distant British colonies in the hopes of finding land and opportunity, and escaping persecution. The voyages were expensive, crowded, and difficult, though, and many arrived in North America sick, starved, and destitute. Those who did make it, however, were greeted with greater opportunities and freedoms that they could have experienced at home. Many of those families went on to make important contributions to the young nations in which they settled. Early immigration records have shown some of the first Sanfords to arrive on North American shores:

Sanford Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • John Sanford, who settled in Salem in 1630
  • Francis Smith Sanford, who arrived in Massachusetts in 1630
  • Robert Sanford, who settled in Connecticut in 1630
  • Thomas Sanford, who arrived in Massachusetts in 1630 [4]
  • John Sanford, who landed in Boston, Massachusetts in 1632 [4]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Sanford Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Samuel Sanford, who landed in Virginia in 1710 [4]
  • Cornelius Sanford, who arrived in Georgia in 1733 [4]
Sanford Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Sanford, who arrived in Mobile, Ala in 1822 [4]
  • F C Sanford, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1850 [4]
  • A Sanford, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851 [4]
  • S H Sanford, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851 [4]
  • W T B Sanford, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1851 [4]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Sanford migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Sanford Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Eliza Sanford, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Daniel Sanford, who settled in Nova Scotia in 1760
  • Benjamin Sanford, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1760
  • Daniel Sanford, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1760
  • Joshua Sanford, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1760
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Sanford migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Sanford Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Julia Sanford, aged 19, a servant, who arrived in South Australia in 1850 aboard the ship "Sultana" [5]
  • Matilda Sanford, aged 18, a servant, who arrived in South Australia in 1850 aboard the ship "Sultana" [5]
  • William Sanford, aged 22, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1857 aboard the ship "Tantivy"

Sanford migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Sanford Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mark Sanford, aged 29, a painter, who arrived in Hawkes Bay aboard the ship "Inverness" in 1875
  • Maria Sanford, aged 26, who arrived in Hawkes Bay aboard the ship "Inverness" in 1875
  • Albert M. Sanford, aged 2, who arrived in Hawkes Bay aboard the ship "Inverness" in 1875

Contemporary Notables of the name Sanford (post 1700)

  • John Elroy Sanford (1922-1991), American comedian, birth name of Redd Foxx, best known for his role on the television sitcom Sanford and Son [6]
  • Roscoe Frank Sanford (1883-1958), American astronomer, President of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific in 1944, eponym of the Sanford lunar crater
  • Maria Louise Sanford (1836-1920), American educator, eponym of the World War II Liberty ship, the SS Maria Sanford
  • Donald Eugene Sanford (b. 1987), American-Israeli Olympic sprinter
  • Charles Steadman "Charlie" Sanford, American businessman, former Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of Bankers Trust
  • Chance Steven Sanford (b. 1972), American Major League Baseball infielder who played from 1998 to 1999
  • Arlene Sanford, American two-time Primetime Emmy Award nominated film and television director
  • Edmund Clark Sanford (1859-1924), American psychologist, 11th President of the American Psychological Association (1902-1903)
  • Edward Sanford (1805-1876), American lawyer, poet, essayist, member of the New York State Senate (1846-1847)
  • Edward Terry Sanford (1865-1930), American jurist, Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court (1923-1930)
  • ... (Another 16 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Sanford family

USS Arizona
  • Mr. Thomas Steger Sanford, American Fireman Third Class working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [7]

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Citations

  1. ^ Shirley, Evelyn Philip, The Noble and Gentle Men of England; The Arms and Descents. Westminster: John Bower Nichols and Sons, 1866, Print.
  2. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  3. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  4. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  5. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) SULTANA 1850. Retrieved http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1850Sultana.htm
  6. ^ John Sanford. (Retrieved 2010, September 27) John Sanford. Retrieved from http://www.reddfoxx.com/
  7. ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html
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