Salmons History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
The ancient Anglo-Saxon surname Salmons came from the baptismal name for the son of Solomon. Patronymic surnames arose out of the vernacular and religious given name traditions. The vernacular or regional naming tradition is the oldest and most pervasive type of patronymic surname. According to this custom, names were originally composed of vocabulary elements from the local language. In the religious naming tradition, which was developed later than the vernacular tradition, surnames were bestowed in honor of religious figures or church officials. In Europe, the Christian Church was one of the most powerful influences on the formation of given names. Personal names derived from the names of saints, apostles, biblical figures, and missionaries are widespread in most European countries. In the Middle Ages, they became increasingly popular because people believed that the souls of the deceased continued to be involved in this world. They named their children after saints in the hope that the child would be blessed or protected by the saint.
Early Origins of the Salmons family
The surname Salmons was first found in Cumberland and Surrey. The manor of Salmons in Caterham, county Surrey is known to have belonged temp. Edward III to Roger Saleman.  The Salmond family of Waterfoot, Cumberland are or French origin, one of their ancestors having fled to England during the persecutions of the Huguenots.
One of the first records of the family was John Salmon (died 1325), Bishop of Norwich and Chancellor, "was probably of humble origin; his parents' names were Soloman and Amicia or Alice. He became a monk at Ely and was elected prior of that house before 1291. On the death of William of Louth in 1298 the majority of the chapter chose Prior Salmon as their bishop, but the minority chose John Langton, the king's chancellor and afterwards bishop of Chichester. The archbishop decided in favour of Salmon. " 
Early History of the Salmons family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Salmons research. Another 59 words (4 lines of text) covering the years 1644, 1713, 1675, 1742, 1648, 1706, 1679, 1767, 1690, 1648, 1706, 1679, 1767, 1648, 1706, 1644, 1713 and are included under the topic Early Salmons History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Salmons Spelling Variations
Sound was what guided spelling in the essentially pre-literate Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Also, before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Therefore, spelling variations were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Salmons family name include Salmon, Salman, Salmond, Samon and others.
Early Notables of the Salmons family (pre 1700)
Notables of the family at this time include William Salmon (1644-1713), known as the "professor of five wives," English maker of drugs with questionable credentials.
Nathanael Salmon (1675-1742), was an English historian and antiquary, the son of Thomas Salmon (1648-1706), who married Katherine, daughter of Serjeant John Bradshaw. Thomas Salmon (1679-1767) was a brother. He was admitted at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, on 11 June 1690. Salmon paid particular attention to the study of Roman remains in Great Britain.
Another 80 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Salmons Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Salmons family to Ireland
Some of the Salmons family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 64 words (5 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Salmons migration to the United States +
For political, religious, and economic reasons, thousands of English families boarded ships for Ireland, the Canadas, the America colonies, and many of smaller tropical colonies in the hope of finding better lives abroad. Although the passage on the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving, those families that survived the trip often went on to make valuable contributions to those new societies to which they arrived. Early immigrants bearing the Salmons surname or a spelling variation of the name include:
Salmons Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- Juan Salmons, who landed in Peru in 1868 
- Aragones Salmons, who arrived in Peru in 1869 
- Kate Salmons, aged 20, who landed in America, in 1893
Salmons Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
- William Salmons, aged 67, who landed in America, in 1904
- Maria Salmons, aged 50, who settled in America from Stourbridge, England, in 1911
- Helen T Salmons, aged 39, who immigrated to America, in 1913
- Thomas Wesley Salmons, who settled in America, in 1919
- Oscar Salmons, aged 46, who landed in America, in 1920
- ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Salmons migration to New Zealand +
Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:
Salmons Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- Henry Salmons, aged 28, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Oliver Lang" in 1856
- Rebecca Salmons, aged 28, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Oliver Lang" in 1856
- Ellen Salmons, aged 4, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Oliver Lang" in 1856
Contemporary Notables of the name Salmons (post 1700) +
- John Rashall Salmons (b. 1979), American professional NBA basketball player
- Geoffrey Salmons (b. 1948), retired English footballer
Related Stories +
The Salmons Motto +
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Optima sapientia probitas
Motto Translation: Probity is the best wisdom.
- ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
- ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
- ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)