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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016


The illustrious surname Roughan is classified as a habitation surname, which was originally derived from a place-name, and is one form of surname belonging to a broader group called hereditary surnames. Habitation names were derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads. Topographic names, form the other broad category of surnames that was given to a person who resided near a physical feature such as a hill, stream, church, or type of tree.

Other local names are derived from the names of houses, manors, estates, regions, and entire counties. As a general rule, the greater the distance between an individual and their homeland, the larger the territory they were named after. For example, a person who only moved to another parish would be known by the name of their original village, while people who migrated to a different country were often known by the name of a region or country from which they came. Roughan is a place-name from in Rouen, the capital of Normandy. The surname was derived from the Viscountcy of Rohan, in Brittany, in France. As a local name, it could also have been derived from the local at the rowan which referred to a residence beside a rowan-tree. Habitation names were derived from the name of the town, village or hamlet where the person originally lived.

Roughan Early Origins



The surname Roughan was first found in Durham where they held a family seat from very early times and were granted lands by Duke William of Normandy, their liege Lord, for their distinguished assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 A.D.

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Roughan Spelling Variations


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Roughan Spelling Variations



Since the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules, Breton surnames have many spelling variations. Latin and French, which were the official court languages, were also influential on the spelling of surnames. The spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules. Therefore, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England after the Norman Conquest, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. The name has been spelled Roan, Rohan, Roohan, Rome, Rowan and others.

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Roughan Early History


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Roughan Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Roughan research. Another 163 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 169 and 1692 are included under the topic Early Roughan History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Roughan Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Roughan Early Notables (pre 1700)



Another 28 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Roughan Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Roughan In Ireland


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Roughan In Ireland



Some of the Roughan family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 211 words (15 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



Some of the first immigrants to cross the Atlantic and come to North America carried the name Roughan, or a variant listed above:

Roughan Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Daniel Roughan, aged 22, arrived in Mobile, Ala in 1849
  • Michael Roughan, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1873

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Contemporary Notables of the name Roughan (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Roughan (post 1700)



  • Howard Roughan, American author, best known for his novels: The Up and Comer (2001); and The Promise of a Lie (2004)
  • Timothy Roughan, American Democrat politician, Candidate for Connecticut State House of Representatives from Burlington, 1896

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Roughan Family Crest Products


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Roughan Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



    Other References

    1. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
    2. Samuelsen, W. David. New York City Passenger List Manifests Index 1820 - 1824. North Salt Lake, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems International, 1986. Print.
    3. Markale, J. Celtic Civilization. London: Gordon & Cremonesi, 1976. Print.
    4. Le Patourel, John. The Norman Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-19-822525-3).
    5. Leeson, Francis L. Dictionary of British Peerages. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1121-5).
    6. Lennard, Reginald. Rural England 1086-1135 A Study of Social and Agrarian Conditions. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959. Print.
    7. Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
    8. Browning, Charles H. Americans of Royal Descent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
    9. Zieber, Eugene. Heraldry in America. Philadelphia: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
    10. Burke, John Bernard Ed. The Roll of Battle Abbey. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
    11. ...

    The Roughan Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Roughan Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 10 November 2015 at 09:01.

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