The illustrious surname Rougham is classified as a habitation surname, which was originally derived from a place-name, and is one form of surname belonging to a broader group called hereditary surnames
. Habitation names were derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads. Topographic names, form the other broad category of surnames that was given to a person who resided near a physical feature such as a hill, stream, church, or type of tree.
names are derived from the names of houses, manors, estates, regions, and entire counties. As a general rule, the greater the distance between an individual and their homeland, the larger the territory they were named after. For example, a person who only moved to another parish would be known by the name of their original village, while people who migrated to a different country were often known by the name of a region or country from which they came. Rougham is a place-name from in Rouen, the capital of Normandy
. The surname was derived from the Viscountcy of Rohan, in Brittany
, in France. As a local name, it could also have been derived from the local at the rowan
which referred to a residence beside a rowan-tree. Habitation names were derived from the name of the town, village or hamlet where the person originally lived.
Early Origins of the Rougham family
The surname Rougham was first found in Durham
where they held a family seat
from very early times and were granted lands by Duke William of Normandy
, their liege Lord, for their distinguished assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 A.D.
Early History of the Rougham family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Rougham research.Another 83 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1393, 1350, 1366, 1692, 1618 and 1639 are included under the topic Early Rougham History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Rougham Spelling Variations
Since the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules, Breton
surnames have many spelling variations
. Latin and French, which were the official court languages, were also influential on the spelling of surnames. The spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules. Therefore, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England
after the Norman Conquest
, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. The name has been spelled Roan, Rohan, Roohan, Rome, Rowan and others.
Early Notables of the Rougham family (pre 1700)
Outstanding amongst the family at this time was William Rougham (died 1393), the second master of Gonville Hall, Cambridge. He had been a fellow of the college since the 1350s... Another 29 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Rougham Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Rougham family to Ireland
Some of the Rougham family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 112 words (8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Rougham family to the New World and Oceana
Some of the first settlers of this family name were:
Rougham Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- John Rougham, aged 23, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1857 aboard the ship "Marion" CITATION[CLOSE]
South Australian Register 1857. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Marion 1857. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/marion1857.shtml
- Catherine Rougham, aged 21, a domestic servant, who arrived in South Australia in 1859 aboard the ship "Escort"
- Ellen Rougham, aged 18, a domestic servant, who arrived in South Australia in 1859 aboard the ship "Escort"
Rougham Family Crest Products
- ^ South Australian Register 1857. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Marion 1857. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/marion1857.shtml