The name Rotlan reached English shores for the first time with the ancestors of the Rotlan family as they migrated following the Norman Conquest
of 1066. The Rotlan family lived in a number of locations bearing the name Rutland
in the counties of Derbyshire
, and Cumberland
, as well as the county of Rutland
itself. Rotlan is a classic example of an English polygenetic surname,
which is a surname that was developed in a number of different locations and adopted by various families independently.
Early Origins of the Rotlan family
The surname Rotlan was first found in Surrey
where they held a family seat
. Strangely, all the research on this name has produced little that can identify the surname with that of the county of Rutland, England's smallest and most central county. The name should also not be confused with the ancient titles of the Earl and Duke of Rutland, who were not in fact of the surname Rutland. The family name was anciently seated as Lords of the Manor of Mitcham in Surrey
. At the time of the taking of the Domesday Book
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
a survey initiated by Duke William of Normandy
in 1086 after his conquest of England
at Hastings in 1066 A.D., Mitcham was recorded as being held by the Canons of Bayeux who held it from the Bishop of Bayeux. The village of Mitcham consisted of one half a mill, a rating not uncommon, and was anciently famous for being the scene of lavender fields.
Early History of the Rotlan family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Rotlan research.Another 162 words (12 lines of text) covering the year 1782 is included under the topic Early Rotlan History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Rotlan Spelling Variations
Before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Sound was what guided spelling in the Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Spelling variations
were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Rotlan family name include Rutland, Ritland, Rotland, Rutlane, Ratland, Ruttland, Rutlland, Roushland and many more.
Early Notables of the Rotlan family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Rotlan Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Rotlan family to the New World and Oceana
To escape the political and religious chaos of this era, thousands of English families began to migrate to the New World in search of land and freedom from religious and political persecution. The passage was expensive and the ships were dark, crowded, and unsafe; however, those who made the voyage safely were encountered opportunities that were not available to them in their homeland. Many of the families that reached the New World at this time went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations of the United States and Canada. Research into various historical records has revealed some of first members of the Rotlan family to immigrate North America: Richard Rutland who settled in Virginia in 1641; Edward Rutland settled in Boston Massachusetts in 1765; Agnes Rutland settled in New York State in 1823..
The Rotlan Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Post praeilia praemia
Motto Translation: Reward after battle.